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18 endocrine system

chabner, 8th edition, chapter 18 endocrine system

QuestionAnswer
insulin secreted by beta islet cells of the pancreas. it helps glucose to pass into cells, and it promotes the conversion of glucose to glycogen
glucogen secreted by alpha islet cells of the pancreas;increases blood sugar by conversion of glycogen(starch) to glucose
growth hormone(GH);somatotropin secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland (adenohypophysis) stimulates growth of bones and soft tissue
luteinizing hormone(LH) secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland (adenohypophysis); stimulates ovulation in females and testosterone secretion in males
norepinephrine secreted by the adrenal medulla; increases heart rate and blood pressure
oxytocin(OT) secreted by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland;stimulates contraction of the uterus during labor and childbirth
parathormone(PTH) secreted by the parathyroid glands; increases blood calcium
progesterone secreted by the ovaries; prepares the uterus for pregnancy
prolactin (PRL) secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland; promotes milk secretion
somatotropin (STH) secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland; growth hormone
testosterone male hormone secreted by the testes
thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH); thyrotropin secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland. it acts on the thyroid gland to promote its functioning. * it is NOT secreted by the thyroid gland
thyroxine(T4) secreted by the thyroid gland; also called tetraiodothyronine. it increases metabolism in cells
triiodothyronine (T3) secreted by the thyroid gland; it increases metabolism in cells.
vasopressin secreted by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland; antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
catecholamines hormones derived from amino acid and secreted by the adrenal medulla. ei. epinephrine
corticosteroids hormones produced by the adrenal cortex
electrolyte mineral salt found in the blood and necessary for proper functioning of cells; ei. potassium, sodium, calcium
glucocorticoid steroid hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex; regulate glucose, fat, and protein metabolism. cortisol raises blood sugar and is part of the stress response
homeostasis tendency of an organism to maintain a constant internal environment
hormone substance, secreted by an endocrine gland, that travels through the blood to a distant organ or gland where it influences the structure or function of that organ or gland
hypothalamus region of the brain lying below the thalamus and above the pituitary gland. it secretes releasing factors and hormones that affect the pituitary gland
mineralocorticoid steroid hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex to regulate mineral salts (electrolytes) and water balance in the body. ei. aldosterone
receptor cellular or nuclear protein that binds to a hormone so that a response can be elicited
sella turcica cavity in the skull that contains the pituitary gland
sex hormones steroids (androgens and estrogens) produced by the adrenal cortex to influence male and female sexual characteristics
steroid complex substance related to fats, and of which many hormones are made. ei. estrogens, androgens, glucocorticoids, and mineralocoticoids
sympathomimetic pertaining to mimicking or copying the effect of the sympathetic nervous system. ei. adrenaline which raises blood pressure and heart rate and dilates airways
target tissue cells of an organ that are affected or stimulated by specific hormones
Created by: lgibbs