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Chapter 7: RS@glance

Respiratory System at a Glance

QuestionAnswer
alveol/o alveolous; air sac
anthrac/o coal
atel/o incomplete
bronch/o bronchus
bronchi/o bronchus
bronchiol/o bronchiole
coni/o dust
diaphragmat/o diaphragm
epiglott/o epiglottis
laryng/o larynx
lob/o lobe
nas/o nose
othr/o straight, upright
ox/o oxygen
ox/i oxygen
pharyng/o pharynx
pleur/o pleura
pneum/o lung, air
pneumon/o lung, air
pulmon/o lung
rhin/o nose
sinus/o sinus, cavity
spir/o breathing
trache/o trachea, windpipe
-capnia carbon dioxide
-ectasis dilated, expansion
-osmia smell
-phonia voice
-pnea breathing
-ptysis spitting
-thorax chest
bronchogram record of the bronchus
bronchitis inflammation of the broncus
bronchoplasty surgical repair of the bronchus
broncogenic produced by the bronchus
broncospasm involutary muscle spasm of bronchus
bronchial pertaining to a bronchus
bronchiectasis dilated bronchus
diaphragmatic pertaining to the diaphragm
laryngectomy removal of the voice box
laryngitis inflammation of the voice box
laryngoplasty surgical repair of the voice box
laryngoscope instrument to view the voice box
laryngeal pertaining to the voice box
laryngoplegia paralysis of the voice box
lobectomy removal of the (lung) lobe
oximeter instrument to measure oxygen
anoxia condition of no oxygen
hypoxemia insufficient oxygen in the blood
hypoxia insufficient oxygen condition
pleurocentesis puncture of the pleura to withdraw fluid
pleurectomy removal of the pleura
pleurodynia pleural pain
pharyngitis throat inflammation
pharyngeal pertaining to the throat
nasopharyngitis nose and throat inflammation
pulmonologist lung specialist
pulmonary pertaining to the lung
rhinitis inflammation of the nose
rhinomycosis abnormal condition of the nose fungus
rhinoplasty surgical repair of the nose
rhinorrhagia rapid flow (of blood) from the nose
rhinorrhea nose discharge
pansinusitis inflammation of all the sinuses
thoracalgia chest pain
thoracic pertaining to the chest
thoracotomy incision into the chest
endotracheal pertaining to inside of the trachea
tracheotomy incision into the trachea
tracheostenosis narrowing of the trachea
aphonia no voice
dysphonia abnormal voice
acapnia lack of carbon dioxide
hypercapnia excessive carbon dioxide
anosmia lack of (sense of) smell
apnea not breathing
bradypnea slow breathing
dyspnea difficult, labored breathing
eupnea normal breathing
hyperpnea excessive (deep) breathing
hypopnea insufficient (shallow) breathing
orthopnea (sitting) straight breathing
tachypnea rapid breathing
hemothorax blood in the chest
pyothorax pus in the chest
pneumothorax air in the chest
asphyxia lack of oxygen
aspiration withdraw fluid from a body cavity using suction
Cheyne-Stokes respiration abnormal breathing pattern in which there are long periods
clubbing abnormal widening and thickening of the ends of the fingers and toes associated with chronic oxygen deficiency
cyanosis bluish tint of skin from receiving insufficient amount of oxygen or circulation
epistaxis nosebleed
Six major organs nasal cavity (nose), pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchial tubes, and lungs
Ventilation flow of air in between outside and lungs
inhalation flow of air into lungs, brings fresh oxygen
exhalation flow of air out of lungs; removes carbon dioxide
three parts of the pharynx nasopharynx, oropharynx, laryngopharynx
three parts of the tonsils adenoids, palatine, lingual
Right lung has 3 lobes
Left lung has 2 lobes
Ventilation flow of air in between outside and lungs
inhalation flow of air into lungs, brings fresh oxygen
exhalation flow of air out of lungs; removes carbon dioxide
three parts of the pharynx nasopharynx, oropharynx, laryngopharynx
three parts of the tonsils adenoids, palatine, lingual
Right lung has 3 lobes
Left lung has 2 lobes
Created by: mommypatty2007