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Key terms in Chapter 9 of text by HJ Blij/Alexander Murphy
|analysis in which the diversification of language has long been charted through.
|The notion to recreate the language that preceded another particular language.
|discovered the vocabulary and grammatical forms of the Sanskrit language bore a resemblance to ancient Greek and Latin.
|suggested that sound shifts might prove the relationships between languages in a scientific manner.
|a closely related group of languages
|German linguist that was the first scholar to compare the world language families to the branches of a tree.
|the differentiation of language over time and space.
|the similarities of languages regardless of time and space
|When languages of "lesser" peoples has been replaced, or greatly modified, by the languages of the invaders.
|The Proto-Indo-European language family was spread through the conquest of neighboring states, and as they were conquered they adopted the conquering state's language.
|The spread of agriculture diffused the Proto-Indo-European language through Europe; proposed by Luca Cavilla-Sforza and Robert Ammerman
|Vladislav Illich-Syilych and Aharan Dolgopolsky
|Individually attempted to reconstruct the language that was ancestral to Proto-Indo-European language.
|Named by Vladislav Illich-Syilych and Aharan Dolgopolsky as the ancestral language to Proto-Indo-European.
|arose from the Austro-Tai language family.
|A dialect of Austroresian and became a forerunner of a large number of language
|A discrete Malayo-Polynesian offshoot.
|Derivative of Malayo-Polynesian and is spoken by the Maori people of New Zealand
|The Greenberg Hypothesis
|Proposed by Joseph Greenberg that there are three families of indigenous American languages and each correspond to migration flows into the Western Hemisphere.