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rubenstein ch 2

this is for chapter 2 notes and vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
life expectancy the amount of years a person is expected to life
crude birth rate (CBR) the amount of live births per 1000 people. also an indicater of how ecenomicaly developed a country is
epidemiological transition distinctive cause of death in each stage of demographical transition
arithmetic density anount of people per anount of land area
medical revolution medical technology invented in europe and north america that is diffused to poorer countries. this eliminated many traditional deaths by disease
doubling time the number of years it takes for the population to double
pandemic a disease that occurs over a wide area
crude death rate (CDR) the amoutnt of deaths per 1000 people living. an indicater of how good the medical technology is
over population too many people for the availible recourse
agricultural density the number of farmers per amount of arable land
natural increase rate (NIR) the percentage by wich the population increases by each year
dependency ratio the number of people too young or old to work
infant mortality rate (IMR) the amount of deaths for infants under a year of age per 1000 people
epidemiology a branch of medical science concerned with diseases that affect large amounts of people
demographic transition the change in a population from a high CDR, CBR and a low NIR to a low CDR, CBR, and low NIR
census a complete enumeration of a populatioin
ecumene a portion of earth that is permenently settled by humans
agricultural revolution the time when humans first domesticated plants and animals and stopped hunting and gathering
demography the study of populatioin characteristics
industrial revolution the time when major improvements were made to industrial technology
zero population growth the CBR equals the CDR near 0 and the NIR is 0% or close to it
sex ratio the amount of males for every 1000 females
total firtility rate (TFR) the average number of kids a woman will have while she can
physiological density the number of people per arable land
population pyramid a bargraph that shows the sex ratio and age groups
2/3 of the population in the world live in which 4 groups? south asia, south east asia, east asia, and europe
what is the difference between a cartogram and a regular map? a cartogram shows you the size of a country using its population not its land area
what fraction of earth's population live in east asia? 1/5 of the world lives in east asia
where do most people live in east asia and what to the y do for a living? most live near the river valleys and pacific ocean and most farm for a living
what are some east asian countries? japar, east china, the korean pininsula, and taiwan
what are some south asian countries? indai, pakistan, bangladesh, shrilanka
what fraction of the world's population lives in south asia? 1/5
what are some south east asian countries? java, philipines, sumatra, papua new guinea, boreno
what percent of europeans are armers? 20% the rest live in cities.
what are the 4 sparsely populated regions acordint to the text book? dry lands, wet lands, cold lands, high lands.
what does arithmetic density show? how many people are trying to live in a certain amount of space
what does it mean of the physiological density is high? the country has more pressure on it to provide its population with recourses
why is the agricultural density lower in MDC rather than LDC? the MDC has better technology so less farmers are needed to farm
describe what happens on the demographic transition model in each of the 4 stages. in stage 1 the CBR and CDR are high and the NIR is low. in stage 2, CDR drops, NIR rises and CBR is high. in stage 3 CBR drops and NIR decreases. instage 4 CBR and NIR are low and NIR is very low or non existent
Created by: ashaaraque