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arteries-leg

QuestionAnswer
The right and left common iliac arteries arise from the distal aorta in the posterior pelvic area. These pass down and divide into the internal and external iliac arteries.
internal iliac Supplies the gluteal muscles and the organs of the pelvic region.
external iliac Passes out of the pelvic cavity underneath the inguinal ligament. At this point it becomes the femoral artery.
femoral The major artery from which several other vessels arise. It is derived from the word femur for the femur bone in that area.
superficial and a deep iliac circumflex artery. These are near in proximity to the ilium bone.
superior and inferior gluteal arteries supply blood to the gluteal region.
lateral and median sacral arteries. They supply the sacrum, coccyx, and rectum.
internal and external pudendal arteries covered in the arteries of the torso.
obturator Arises off the internal iliac and supplies the pelvic muscles and hip joints.
three perforating arteries These arise off the deep femoral artery and perforate the adductor magnus muscle to reach the back of the thigh. They supply the adductor, hamstring, gluteal muscles, and femur.
genicular include the descending, inferior lateral, inferior medial, middle, superior lateral, and superior medial.
femoral artery derived from the word 'femur,' for femur bone
obturator artery supplies pelvic muscles and hip joints
iliac circumflex artery near in proximity to the ilium bone
genicular artery name derived from root word 'genu' meaning knee
gluteal artery supply blood to the gluteal region
common iliac arteries arise from the distal aorta in the posterior pelvic area
external iliac artery passes out of pelvic cavity underneath inguinal ligament
sacral artery supplies sacrum, coccyx, and rectum
pudendal artery supplies blood to external genitalia
internal iliac artery supplies gluteal muscles and organs of the pelvis
The femoral artery becomes the popliteal artery as it passes across the back of the knee. It is a large artery with several branches. It supplies the calf region.
sural Arises off of the popliteal and supplies the calf region.
There are anterior and posterior tibial arteries, as well as anterior tibial recurrent. The name is derived from the tibia bone.
The fibular artery comes off the posterior tibial artery and has several branches, including a fibular circumflex branch. It supplies the ankle and deep calf muscles.
The term peroneal means pertaining to the fibula or outer side of the leg. It is very important not to confuse this term with perineal, which is derived from perineum. Quick tip: Remember the o in peroneal represents the outer side of the leg.
The term malleolus refers to a rounded protuberance. in medical reports it is referring to the ankle. There is a medial malleolar branch, a lateral malleolar branch, a medial anterior malleolar artery, and a lateral anterior malleolar artery.
dorsal of foot A continuation of the anterior tibial artery. It distributes blood to the foot and toes. The pulsation of blood through this artery is called the dorsalis pedis pulse and is often checked on examinations.
dorsalis pedis pulse The pulsation of blood through the dorsal of foot.
There are both a lateral tarsal artery and a medial tarsal artery. They distribute to the tarsus, which is the region between the foot and the leg.
There is a deep* plantar artery, an external plantar artery, a lateral plantar artery, and medial plantar artery. These supply the sole of the foot.
arcuate Arises off the dorsal artery of the foot and supplies the foot and toes.
There are both dorsal and plantar metatarsal arteries. These arteries distribute blood to the toes.
This name is derived from the tibia bone. tibial
Arises off the dorsal artery of the foot and supplies the foot and toes. arcuate
Arises off the popliteal and supplies the calf region. sural
Large artery with several branches which supplies the calf region. popliteal
Continuation of anterior tibial artery, it supplies blood to the foot and toes. dorsal of foot
Distributes to the tarsus. tarsal
Pertaining to fibula or outer side of the leg. peroneal
Supplies the ankle and deep calf muscles. fibular
Supplies the sole of the foot. plantar
Distribute blood to the toes. metatarsals
genicular artery The name is derived from the root word genu meaning "knee."
The term arcuate means literally shaped like an arc
Created by: trinka