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APHG CH1 vocab

Rubenstein's APHG textbook Chapter 1 vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
Agricultural density The number of farmers per unit area of farmland
Arithmetic density The total number of objects in an area
Base line An east-west line designated under the Land Ordinance of 1785 to facilitate the surveying and numbering of townships in the United States
Cartography The science of map-making
Concentration The extent of a feature's spread over space
Connections Relationships among people and objects
Contagious diffusion The rapid, widespread diffusion of a characteristic throughout the population
Cultural ecology The geographic study of human-environment relationships
Cultural landscape A combination of cultural features such as language and religion, economic features such as agriculture and industry, and physical features such as climate and vegetation
Culture The body of customary beliefs, material traits, and social forms that together constitute the distinct tradition of a group of people
Density The frequency with which something occurs in space
Diffusion The process by which a characteristic spreads across space from one place to another over time
Distance Decay The phenomenon of two groups being less likely to interact the farther they are from eachother
Distribution The arrangement of a feature in space
Environmental Determinism Concentration on how the physical environment caused social development
Expansion Diffusion The spread of a feature from one place to another in a snowballing process
Formal Region An area within which everyone shares in common one or more distinctive characteristics
Functional Region An area organized around a node or focal point
Geographic Information System A computer system that can capture, store, query, analyze, and display geographic data
Global Positioning System A system that determines accurately the precise position of something on Earth
Globalization A force or process that involves the entire world and results in making something worldwide in scope
Greenwich Mean Time The time at the prime mmeridian, and master reference time for all points on Earth
Hearth The place from which an innovation originates
Hierarchical Diffusion The spread of an idea from persons or nodes of authority or power to other persons or places
International Date Line A line following 180 degrees longitude that causes you to move forward or backward 24 hours depending on whether you cross it to the East or the West
Land Ordinance of 1785 Designates several north-south lines as principal meridians and several east-west lines as baselines, in order to facilitate the numbering of townships
Latitude The numbering system to indicate the location of a parallel
Location The position that something occupies on Earth's surface
Longitude The location of each meridian is identified on Earth's surface according to a numbering system known as longitude
Map A two-dimensional or flat-scale model of Earth's surface, or a portion of it
Mental Map An internal representation of a portion of Earth's surface
Meridian An arc drawn between the North and South poles
Parallel A circle drawn around the globe parallel to the equator and at right angles to the meridians
Pattern The geometric arrangement of objects in space
Physiological density The number of persons per unit of area suitable for agriculture
Place A specific point on Earth distinguished by a particular character
Polder A piece of land that is created by draining water from an area
Possibilism The fact that the physical environment may limit some human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to their environment
Prime Meridian The meridian that passes through the Royal Observatory at Greenwich, England Principal Meridian
Projection The scientific method of transferring locations on Earth's surface to a flat map
Region An are of Earth distinguished by a distinctive combination of cultural and physical features
Regional Studies An approach to geography that emphasizes the relationships among social and physical phenomena in a particular study area
Relocation Diffusion The spread of an idea through physical movement of people from one place to another
Remote Sensing The acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiging Earth or from other long-distance methods
Resource Substances that are useful to people, economically and technologically feasible to access, and is socially acceptable to use
Scale The relationship of a feature's size on a map to its actual size on Earth
Section A 1 mile by 1 mile square area; The Land Ordinance of 1785 divides townships into 36 of these
Site The physical character of a place
Situation The location of a place relative to other places
Space The physical gap or interval between two objects
Space-time compression Describes the reduction in the time it takes for something to reach another place
Stimulus Diffusion The spread of an underlying principle, even though a characteristic itself apparently fails to diffuse
Taponym The name given to a place on Earth
Township A square 6 miles on each side
Transnational corporation A corporation that conducts research, operates factories, and sells products in many countries, not just where its headquarters and principal shareholders are located
Uneven Development The increasing gap in economic conditions between regions in the core and periphery that results from the globalization of the economy
Vernacular region A place that people believe exists as part of their cultural identity
Thats all for Chapter 1. Chapter 2 coming soon.
Created by: 100001687710474