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Muscle Disease

atony Lack of normal tone or strength.
atopy genetic predisposition towards hypersensitivity to common environmental antigens.
atrophy The wasting away or weakening of muscle fibers due to a lack of usage.
bursitis Inflammation of a bursa.
bursa A sac-like cavity filled with synovial fluid, located where tendons/muscles pass over bony prominences.
charley horse A bruised or torn muscle accompanied by cramps and severe pain.
cramp A sustained spasm or contraction of a muscle accompanied by severe, localized pain.
dystonia Sustained abnormal postures or disruptions of normal movement resulting from alterations of muscle tone.
Dupuytren's contracture Painless thickening and contracture of the palmar fascia due to fibrous proliferation, resulting in loss of function of the fingers.
fasciculations Similar to fibrillations or tremors. A repetitive, involuntary contraction of muscle. The main cause is nerve damage.
fibromyalgia (Also called myofascial pain syndrome and fibromyositis.)
myofascial pain syndrome A chronic condition affecting the fascia, or connective tissue covering muscles. It may involve a single muscle or muscle group.
fibromyositis The chronic inflammation of a muscle with hyperplasia (overgrowth) of connective tissue.
ganglion A thin-walled band cyst formed on a joint capsule or tendon sheath.
leiomyoma A benign tumor of smooth muscle tissue, e.g., the uterus.
muscular dystrophy A genetic abnormality of muscle tissue characterized by dysfunction and ultimately deterioration.
myalgia Muscle pain.
myasthenia gravis A chronic progressive neuromuscular weakness, usually starting with the muscles of the face and throat.
myopathy Any disease of the muscles.
myositis ossificans A disease characterized by bony deposits or the ossification of muscle tissue.
paralysis The loss of nervous control of a muscle.
paraplegia Paralysis of the legs (lower extremities).
quadriplegia Paralysis of all four limbs.
plantar fasciitis Excessive pulling or stretching of the calcaneal periosteum by the plantar fascia.
Fasciitis inflammation of the fascia.
polymyositis An autoimmune disorder which causes atrophy and weakness of the muscles.
rigor mortis Rigor means chilled, stiffness, rigidity. Rigor mortis is the muscular hardness occurring four to seven hours after death.
tendinitis Inflammation of a tendon or the synovial lining of a tendon sheath due to trauma or repetitive wear.
tenosynovitis The inflammation of the tendon and the tendon sheath.
tennis elbow A strain of the lateral forearm muscles or the tendinous attachments near their origin on the epicondyle of the humerus.
lateral and medial epicondylitis Also referred to as tennis elbow, a condition characterized by weakness and pain in the muscles and tendons of the outside elbow.
tetanus A disease caused by the bacterium Clostridium tetani. Jaw muscles are affected first. Lockjaw is the more common name.
torticollis Contraction of sternocleidomastoid muscle, causing rotation of the head.
Created by: trinka