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Nervous System 1234

encephal/o brain
encephalitis inflammation of the brain
cerebr/o cerebrum
the cerebrum is the largest part of the brain
the cerbrum contains your: memories hopes dreams wishes fantasies imagination desires
the cerebrum is the part of the brain that houses your individuality
cerebral angiography process of recording the vessels(blood) of the cerebrum
the brain is made up of sections called lobes
cerebell/o cerebellar
cerebeller pertaining to the cerebellum
the cerebellum is located at the posterior base of your brain
the cerebellum is responsible for balance equilibrium
the brain stem is made up the pons medulla oblongata midbrain
the brain stem is responsible for regulation of your ventilation(breathing) blood pressure heart rate
myel/o spinal cord
polio myelitis inflammation of the spinal cord caused by the polio virus.
mening/o or meningi/o meninges
meningitis inflammation of the meninges
meningioma tumor or mass of the meninx(singular form)
the meninges are tissue that surrounds the brain and spinal cord
the meninges are made up he dura mater arachnoid membrane pia mater
the space under the dura mater is called the subdural space
the space under the arachnoid membrane is called the subarachnoid space
neur/o nerve(s)
neurologist a specialist in the study of nerves
sensory nerons allow you to feel taste smell hear and see
motor neurons allows you to move
CNS Central Nevous System
the CNS is made up he brain and spinal cord.
PNS Peripheral Nervous System
The PNS is made up of all nerves except the brain and spinal cord
the neurons of the PNS have the ability to regenerate if damaged
The neurons of the CNS do not have the ability to regenerate
ANS Autonomic Nervous System (involuntary)
The ANS is the part of your nervous system that functions automatically (reflex)
The ANS has two branches called parasymphathetic nervous system and sympathetic nervous system aka fight or flight reaction.
The parasympathetic nervous system contols the routine nervous functions such as a)normal heart rate b)eupnea(normal breathing) c)peripheral vasodialtion(normal pink color d)bronchoconstriction(normal respirtation) e) pupillary constraction(normal visual) f)digestion e)pupillary constrictions F)digestion g)normal reproductive process.
The sympathetic nervous system controls the emergency nervous functions such as: Tachycardia Tachypnea Pallar Brochodilation Pupillary dilation The digestive and reproductive system are reduced to minimal function
esthesi/o feeling nervous sensation
anesthesiologist specialist in the study of no feeling or nervous sensation
phas/o speech
dysphasia (dysphasic) condition of difficult speech
psych/o and ment/o mind
psychology the study of the mind
mental pertaining to the mind
plegia a condition of paralysis
paraysis means the inability to feel (sensory neurons) and move (motor neurons)
quadriplegia (quadriplegic) a condition of paralysis of the four extremities (diving - spinal cord injury)
paraplegia (paraplegic) a condition of paralysis of the lower trunk and both legs (spinal cord injury)
hemi half
hemiplegia (hemiplegic) a condition of paralysis of the right or left side of the body (brain damage)
paresis partial paralysis
partial paralysis means you can fee it but cannot move it or youan move it but cannot feel it.
hemiparesis partial paralysis of the right or left side of the body (brain damage)
ict/o seizure
preictal pertaining to before a seizure
iatry treatment
psychiatry treatment of the mind
crani/o cranium (skull)
intracranial pertaining to within the cranium (skull)
alges/o pain
analgesic pertaining to no pain
cerebellitis inflammation of the cerebellum
cerebral thrombosis abnormal condition of a clot in the cerebrum
meningocele hernaiation of a meninx
meningomyelocele herniation of the spinal cord through the meninges.
neuralgia a condition of nerves pain
neurarthropathy disease condition of the nerves in the joints.
neurasthenia a condition of nerve weakness
neuritis inflammation of nerves
neuroma a tumor or mass in a nerve
polyneuritis inflammation of many nerves (poly likes many crackers)
subdural hematoma a blood mass in the subdural space
cerebral aneursm a weakness in a arterial septum of the cerebrum
neurosis (neurotic) abnormal condition of the nerves
psychosis (psychotic) abnormal condition of the mind
sciatica inflammation of a sciatic nerve (leg)
neurectomy surgical excistion of a nerve
neurolysis separating a nerve from adhesions
neuroplasty surgical repair of a nerve
neurorrhaphy suturing a nerve
neurotomy surgical incision of a nerve
shingles viral disease affecting the PNS causing blisters on the skin and pain
myelogram a record of the spinal cord
echoencephalography (echo EG) the process of recording the brain using sound waves.
electroencephalogram (EEG) a record of the electrical activity of the brain
electroencephalograph The machine that records the electrical activity of the brain.
electroencephalography the process of recording the electrical activity of the brain.
Computerized (axial) Tomography (CAT) proces of recording using X-ray pictures slices and a computer.
megnetic resonance imaging (MRI) a diagnostic imaging technique using magnetics to obtain an image.
Positron Emission Tomograph (PET) X-ray picture slices of the brain using a contrast (radiopaque) material (injected dye)
Lumbar puncter (LP) surgical puncture to aspirate
cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) aka spinal tap
anesthesia (anesthetic) a condition of no feeling or nervous sensation
aphasia (aphasic) a condition of inability to speak.
cephalagia a condition of head pain aka headache
craniocerebral pertaining to the cranium (skull) and the cerebrum
encephalosclerosis abnormal condition of hardening of the brain
hyperesthesia (hyperesthesic) a condition of excessive nervous sensitivity to stimuli
a stimulus is a change in your environment
interictal pertaining to between seizures
monoparesis partial paralysis of one limb
monoplegia (monoplegic) a condition of paralysis of one limb
psychogenic pertaining to originating in the mind
psychologist a specialist in the study of the mind.
psychopathy (psychopathic) a disease condition of the mind
pschosomatic pertaining to the mind and body
ataxia (ataxic) take a taxi when uncoordinated a condition of no coordination
cognitive pertaining to the mental processes of comprehension, judgement, memory, and reasoning
cerbral concussion head injury where the neurological deficits last less than 24 hours
cerebral contusion head injury where the neurological deficits last more than 24 hours
conscious awake, alert, and aware
semi conscious partially awake, alert, or aware
convulsion sudden rapid involuntary contraction and relaxation of a group of muscles (convulsion is a type of seizure)
seizures are associated with epilepsy (epileptic)
tonic clonic seizures (grand mal) (gin and tonic-clonic) refers to the rapid contraction and relaxation of a group of muscles associated with seizures
disorientation (disoriented) a state of materal confusion to person and or place, and or time aka the three spheres
vertigo a whirling sensation of oneself or external objects (dizziness)
gail (stable or unstable) the manner or style of walking
incoherent unable to express one's throughts in an intelligible manner
palsy paralysis
dementia, senility or OBS / organic brain syndrome mental decline
syncope (syncopal episode) fainting
aura a warning of an impending seizure
alert the highest level of consciousness LOC
lethargy (lethargic) mental sluggishness
stupor (stuporous) very groggy
unconsciousness state of being unaware of surroundings but will respond to stimuli
coma unconsciousness where the person does not respond to any stimuli
cerebrospinal otorrhea CSF draining from the ears
cortex outer
medulla middle or inner
bradykinesia (bradykinetic) a condition of slow movement
papilledema edema and inflammation of the optic nerve indicative of increased ICP
ICP stands for intracranial pressure
lobotomy surgical incision of a lobe
hemisphere half of a sphere (brain)
GCS stands for glascow coma scale
GCS a standardized system to assess neurological impairment
verticles chambers
ventricles can be found in the brain and heart
neurological checks "neuro check" or neurological vital signs (NVS) periodic assessment of a person's neurological status
Neurological Checks include alert and orientated x 3 PEARRLA gait and reflex assessment
PEARRLA stands for pupils equal and round react to light and accommodation
AD stands for Alzheimer's Disease or right ear
ADHD stands for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
MVA motor vehicle accident
CVA "shock" cerebral vascular accident
TIA transient ischemic attack aka mini or little stroke temporary
MS multiple sclerosis or morphine sulfate
CP cerebral palsy
TENS transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
TENS is use to stimulate healing and for treatment of chronic pain (back)
EMG electromyogram
LOC Level of consciousness or loss of consciousness
Created by: Brandyfasting