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Intro to MT-Ch 1

Introduction to Medical Terminology Chapter 1

The foundation of the word word root
The beginning of the word prefix
The end of the word suffix
A vowel (usually o) that links the word root to another word root or a suffix combining vowel
Four different word parts or elements to construct medical terms are: word root, prefix, suffix, combining vowel
A word root and a combining vowel combining form
aden/o gland
carcin/o cancer
cardi/o heart
chem/o chemical
cis/o to cut
dermat/o skin
enter/o small interstine
gastr/o stomach
gynec/o female
hemat/o blood
hydr/o water
immun/o immune
laryng/o voice box
morph/o shape
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
ophthalm/o eye
ot/o ear
path/o disease
pulmon/o lung
rhin/o nose
ur/o urine, urinary tract
a- without, away from
an- without
ante- before, in front of
anti- against
auto- self
brady- slow
dys- painful, difficult
endo- within, inner
epi- upon, over
eu- normal, good
hetero- different
homo- same
hyper- over, above
hypo- under, below
infra- under, beneath, below
inter- among, between
intra- within, inside
macro- large
micro- small
neo- new
pan- all
para- beside, beyond, near
per- through
peri- around
post- after
pre- before, in front of
pseudo- false
retro- behind, backward
sub- under, below
super- above, excess
supra- above
tachy- fast, rapid
trans- through, across
ultra- beyond, excess
bi- two
hemi- half
mono- one
multi- many
nulli- none
poly- many
quad- four
semi- half, partial
tri- three
uni- one
-algia pain
-cele hernia, protusion
-cise cut
-cyte cell
-dynia pain
-ectasis dilation
-gen that which produes
-genesis produces, generates
-genic producing, produced by
-ia state, condition
-iasis abnormal condition
-ism state of
-itis inflammation
-logist one who studies
-logy study of
-lysis destruction
-malacia abnormal softening
-megaly enlargment
-oma tumor, mass
-osis abnormal condition
-pathy disease
-plasia development, growth
-plasm formation, development
-ptosis dropping
-rrhage excessive, abnormal flow
-rrhea discharge, flow
-rrhexis rupture
-sclerosis hardening
-stenosis narrowing
-therapy treatment
-trophy nourishment, development
-ac pertaining to
-al pertaining to
-an pertaining to
-ar pertaining to
-ary pertaining to
-eal pertaining to
-iac pertaining to
-ic pertaining to
-ical pertaining to
-ile pertaining to
-ior pertaining to
-ory pertaining to
-ose pertaining to
-ous pertaining to
-tic pertaining to
-centesis puncture to withdraw fluid
-ectomy surgical remove
-ostomy surgically create an opening
-otomy cutting into
-pexy surgical fixation
-plasty surgical repair
-rrhaphy suture
-gram record or picture
-graph instrument for recording
-graphy process of recording
-meter instrument for measuring
-metry process of measuring
-scope instrument for viewing
-scopy process of visually examaning
Chart documents the details of a patient's hospital stay medical record
written or dictated by the admitting physician, details the patient's history, results of the physician's examination, initial diagnoses, and physician's plan of treatment history and physical
Complete list of the care, medications, tests, and treatments the physician orders for the patient physician's orders
record of the patient's care throughout the day; includes vital signs, treatment specifics, patient's response to treatment, and patient's condition nurse's notes
Physician's daily record of the patient's condition, results of the physician's examinations, summary of test results, updated assessment and diagnoses, and further plans for the patient's care physician's progress notes
Reports given by the specialists whom the physician has asked to evaluate the patient consultation reports
reports from various treatments and therapies the patient has received, such as rehabilitation, social services, or respiratory therapy ancillary reports
Results of diagnostic tests performed on the patient, principally from the clinical lab (for example, blood tests) and medical imaging (for example, X-rays and ultrasound) diagnostic reports
Document voluntarily signed by the patient or a responsible party that clearly describes the purpose, methods, procedures, benefits, and risks of a diagnostic or treatment procedure informed consent
Report from the surgeon detailing an operation; includes a pre- and postoperative diagnosis, specific details of the surgical procedure itself, and how the patient tolerated the procedure operative report
relates the details regarding the substances (such as medication and fluids) given to the patient, the patients, response to anesthesia, and vital signs during surgery anesthesiologist's report
report given by a pathologist who studies tissue removed from the patient (for example, bone marrow, blood, or tissue biopsy) pathologist's report
Comprehensive outline of the patient's entire hospital stay; includes condition at the time of the admission, admitting diagnosis, test results, treatments, and patient's response, final diagnosis, and follow-up plans discharge summary
provide services to diagnose (laboratory, diagnostic imaging) and treat (surgery, medications, therapy) diseases for a short period of time; in addition, they usually provide emergency and obstretical care acute care or general hospitals
provide care for very specific types of diseases; for example, a psychiatric hospital specialty care hospitals
Created by: mommypatty2007