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deficiency A lack or defect.
degenerative Pertaining to deterioration.
developmental Occurs as a result of some abnormality in the development of tissue, an organ, or body part.
essential Term assigned to diseases for which the cause is unknown.
familial Occurring in or affecting more members of a family than would be expected by chance, such as familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
functional Due to a disturbance of function without evidence of a structural or chemical abnormality.
hereditary Means genetically transmitted from parent to offspring.
hereditary Means genetically transmitted from parent to offspring.
idiopathic Of unknown cause, arising spontaneously, such as idiopathic cardiomyopathy.
infectious Caused by an infection, which is the invasion and multiplication of microorganisms in body tissue.
molecular Caused by abnormality in the chemical structure or concentration of a single molecule (the smallest amount of a substance which can exist alone), usually a protein or enzyme. Molecular diseases are often also congenital, such as sickle cell anemia.
neoplastic Any new/abnormal growth; new growth of tissue which is progressive/uncontrolled. These growths are generally called tumors.
nutritional Cause is nutritional factors, either insufficient or excessive dietary intake;eating disorders, such as bulimia or anorexia nervosa. Scurvy and rickets are examples of diseases caused by poor nutrition and/or vitamin deficiency.
organic Due to a demonstrable abnormality in a bodily structure, such as a heart murmur.
traumatic Resulting from some type of injury: physical, chemical, or psychological. Many pathologies, such as injuries, war wounds, or the psychological effects of abuse, war or rape, leading to diseases such as post-traumatic stress disorder.
acquired Patient was not born with it.
acute One which has a short and relatively severe course.
asymptomatic Having no symptoms.
chronic Persisting over a long period of time.
congenital Present at birth.
disabling Causes impairment of normal functions, such as sight, hearing, mobility, or breathing.
end-stage A progressively deteriorating condition, such as end-stage liver disease.
intermittent Causes symptoms at intervals with periods of time between them with no symptoms.
malignant Tending to become progressively worse and eventually causing death. This is usually attributed to types of tumors or cancers but can also describe other problems, such as malignant hypertension.
neonatal Affecting newborns, especially common in prematurely born infants.
paroxysmal A sudden recurrence or intensification of symptoms; a seizure or attack.
progressive Advancing, going forward; going from bad to worse; increasing in severity.
recurrent Reappears after it has apparently gone away.
relapsing The return of a disease after its apparent cessation. This means basically the same thing as recurrent.
remissive Most or all of the symptoms have gone away. They can disappear either spontaneously or because of treatment, and the disappearance can be either temporary or permanent.
sequela A condition resulting from a prior disease, injury, or attack. For example, a sequela of chickenpox.
subacute Refers to an illness that is neither acute nor chronic, but is somewhere in between.
terminal Expected to end in death regardless of treatment.
Created by: trinka