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SFDS 6th Grade Mesopotamia Unit 1 Lessons 2, 3, 4,

Key ItemDefinition
Agriculture Farming
Surplus Something extra, beyond what is needed.
Specialize To do one particular job.
Barter To trade products instead of using cash to buy a product.
Domesticate To raise something to be useful to people.
Farming Techniques Examples are terraces, clearing the land using slash and burn, canals and reserviors, and studying the weather.
Irrigation The bringing of water to dry fields by canals or pipes.
City-state Cities that had their own governments.
polytheism The belief in many gods.
Empire A group of different lands under one ruler.
Scribe An official record keeper.
Fertile Crescent Another name for the Mesopotamia area. If in between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Curves from the Persian Gulf up to the Mediterranean Sea.
Silt Fine bits of rock and soil carried or deposited by water.
Ziggurat A huge mud-brick temple built by the ancient Sumerians that stood in the middle of the town or village.
King Sargon The first emperor in Mesopotamia. United many different city-states under his rule. And he ruled for 56 years.
Cuneiform The Sumerian form of writing that was in wedge shaped forms and pressed into clay tablets with reeds.
Social Pyramid At the top are nobles, government officials and priests. In the middle are the Merchants, skilled craftworkers, farmers, scribe, and traders. At the very bottom are the slaves.
Code A written collection of laws.
Covenant A special agreement.
Monotheism The belief in only one God.
Astronomy The study of the stars and planets.
King Hammurabi The first king of the Babylonians. He ruled a bigger empire than King Sargon. Is known for the Code of Hammurabi. The first written collection of laws pertaining at every aspect of life.
Abraham Made a special agreement with God. And it is from him that the Israelites trace their heritage back to. His descendants are going to out number the stars.
Moses Leads the Israelites out of slavery from Egypt to the promised land of Canaan.
10 Commandments The 10 laws that God gave to Moses for the Israelites to follow.
Diaspora When the Jewish people spread to other areas than the Mesopotamia to escape the control of other empires. It's a word that means scattered.
Chaldeans Responsible for creating the Hanging Gardens of Babylon. Created an accurate calendar with the study of the stars.
Created by: Mrs. Hastings