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Phleb 41 - 121

Phleb 41-121

QuestionAnswer
An element used in the development and function of the thyroid gland, tincuture of iodine is used as a disinfectant & as a germicide. Iodine
A condition of drowsiness or indifference. Lethargic
That upon which a parasite of microorganism feeds. Host
Staining of bacteria for identification purposes. Gram Stain
A localized collection of blood, caused by a break in the wall of the blood vessel. Hematoma
Concentration or accumulation of large analytes in the blood, increase concentration of red blood cells caused by a decrease in plasma volume. Hemoconcentration
The rupture of red blood cells and release of hemoglobin into the serum or plasma. Hemolysis
A blood disease which interferes with the normal clotting of the blood causing excessive bleeding. Hemophilia
A marked increse in the leukocytes in the blood. Leukocytosis
The fluid found between tissue cells as plasma filters out the capillaries into microscopic scopes. Intersitial Fluid
The fluid within the cells consisting mostly of water. Intracellular Fluid
A pathological condition caused by the growth of microorganisms in a host. Infection
The principle vein draining the lower part of the body. Inferior Vena Cava
To introduce microorganisms into a culture medium. Inoculate
An abnormal amount of fat in the blood causing the serum to appear milky and cloudy. Lipemia
The inner cavity of blood vessel and arteries through which blood flows. Lumen
Discharge of abnormally large amounts of blood. Hemorrhage
The longest vein in the leg. Great Saphenous
The percentage of erythrocytes in the whole blood by volume. Hematocrit
High speed machine that spins blood tubes to separate the cellular and liquid parts of the blood. Centrifuge
Study of geriatrics. Gerentology
Cellular components of the skin and mucus membranes. Epithelium
The removal of chemical substances from the blood by bypassing it through tubes made of semi permeable membranes. Dialysis
A suffix which means cells. Cyte
Pertaining to the stomach and intestines. Gastrointestinal
Study of the digestive system. Gastroenterology
Separation, confining a patient to a specified area. Isolation
A hormone used to control blood sugar levels. Insulin
White blood cells. Leukocytes
A blood tissue disease marked by the excessive production of white blood cells. Leukemia
Marked by diversity or distinction. Differential
A lung disease marked by the loss of elasticity and thinning of the lung tissue. Empysema
Having and object awareness of another persons feelings. Empathy
Undissolved matter in the blood such as a blood clot. Embolus
An accumulation of fluids in the tissue. Edema
Bubble caused by improper venipuncture. Frothing
To change from a liquid to a solid or semi-solid state. Coagulate
A protein in the blood and tissues which interacts with other coag. factors to form a clot. Fibrin
Pertains to the small intestines. Enteric
An artery or vein located in the groin. Femoral
Study of female genital organs. Gynecology
Growth, developing or originating from within. Endogenous
Inflammation of the lining of the heart. Endocarditis
The study of chemical secreting glands and their function. Endocrinology
Needing air, difficult or labored breathing. Dyspnea
A larger blood vessel or nerve, accompanied alongside by a smaller brance. Collateral
The use of chemical agents in the treatment of disease. Chemotherapy
Coagulated blood. Clot
A pain located in the head. (Headache) Cephalagia
A blood thinning agent monitored by prothrombin times (PT) Coumadin
The largest organ in the body involved with metabolism, blood clotting, and protein formation. Liver
The metric fluids measure equivalent to 1000 milliliters (ml). Liter
A marked decrease in the leukocytes in the blood. Leukopenia
Fluid accumulating in the cavities, penetrating through vessel walls into adjoining tissue. Exudate
The surgical removal of the uterus through walls of the abdomen or vagina. Hysterectomy
An unusually low level of blood sugar. Hypoglycemia
An unusually high level of blood sugar. Hyperglycemia
A chemical substnace which is manufactured in an organ gland or body part and is transported in the blood stream to another part of the blood and used there to stimulate a chemical action or increased body function. Hormone
An inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis
Pertaining to the liver. Hepatic
The growing of microorganisms in a temperature controlled environment. Incubation
The inability to make oneself understood by another. Incoherent
The loss of sphincter muscle control leading to the inability to retain urine, semen, or feces. Incontinence
Resistance to a disease brough about by the development of antibodies. Immune
Permanent surgical attachment of a vein to an artery to change the flow of blood. Used for dialysis only, not for o btaining blood for lab testing. Fistula
Inflammation of the stomach. Gastritis
A state in which abnormal amounts of poorly oxygenated blood hemoglobin causes the skin to appear bluishs, grayish, or purple. Cyanosis
Originates outside an organ or body part. Exogenous
Layers of ephithelial cells which lines from the blood, heart and lymph vessel cavities. Endothelium
A drug used to treat cardiac disorders. Dioxin
Major vascular area of the skin in neonates only 0.35 to 1.6mm from the skins surface. Dermal Subcutaneous Injection
Inflammation of the brain. Encephalitis
Use of chemical cleaner to destroy microorganisms on inanimate objects. Disinfect
Fever or feverlike symptoms. Febrile
An instrument which measures the size of the needle. Gauge
Study of aging and problems of the elderly. Geriatrics
A sugar (dextrose) formed in the body during a metabolic process. Glucose
Spherical or ovoid bacteria. Coccus
The vein located on the thumb side or outermost side of the arm. Cephalic Vein
Capable of being transferred either directly or indirectly from one person to another. Communicable
Created by: JessicaMedeiros