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Intugumentary Terms

dermatitis inflammation of the skin
dermatoconiosis abnormal condition of the skin caused by dust
dermatofibroma fibrous tumor of the skin
hidradenitis inflammation of a sweat gland
leiodermia condition of smooth skin
onychocryptosis abnormal condition of a hidden nail
onychomalacia softening of the nail
onychomycosis abnormal condition of a fungus in the nails
onychophagia eating the nails
pachyderma thickening of the skin
paronychia diseased state around the nail
seborrhea excessive discharge of sebum
trichomycosis abnormal condition of a fungus in the hair
xeroderma dry skin
abrasion scraping away of the skin by mechanical process or injury
abscess localized collection of pus
acne inflammatory disease of the skin involving the sebaceous glands and hair follicles
actinic keratosis a precancerous skin condition of horny tissue formation that results from excessive exposure to sinlight.
basal cell carcinoma (BCC) epithelial tumor arising from the epidermis. It seldom matastasizes but invades local tissue. (excessive sun exposure)
candidiasis an infection of the skin, mouth (thrush), or vagina caused by the yeast-like fungus Candida albicans
carbuncle skin infection composed of a cluster of boils caused by staphylococcal bacteria
cellulitis inflammation of the skin and subcutaneous tissue caused by infection, leading to redness, swelling, and fever
contusion injury with no break in the skin, characterized by pain, swelling, and discoloration (bruise)
eczema noninfectious, inflammatory skin disease characterized by redness, blisters, scabs, and itching
fissure slit or crack-like sore in the skin
furuncle painful skin node caused by staphylococcal bacterin in a hair follicle (boil)
gangrene death of tissue caused by loss of blood supply followed by bacterial invasion
herpes inflammatory skin disease caused by herpes virus characterized by small blisters in clusters
impetigo superficial skin infection, characterized by pustules and caused by either staphylococci or streptococci
Kaposi's sarcoma a cancerous condition starting as purple or brown pimples of the feet, which spreads through the skin to the lymph nodes and internal organs
laceration torn, ragged-edged wound
lesion any pathological change in the structure or function of tissue resulting from injury or disease
peduculosis invasion into the skin and hair by lice
psoriasis chronic skin condition producing red lesions covered with silvery scales
scabies skin infection caused by the itch mite, characterized by papule eruptions, severe itching
scleroderma a disease characterized by chronic hardening of the connective tissue of the skin and other body organs
squamous cell carcinoma (SqCCa) a malignant growth that developes from scale-like epithelial tissue. appears as a firm, red, painless bump (frequent cause exposure to sunlight)
systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) a chronic inflammatory disease involving the skin, joints, kidneys, and nervous system.
tinea fungus infection of the skin, ringworm
urticaria an itching skin eruption composed of wheals of varying size and shape. Usually related to an allergy - commonly known as hives.
biopsy (bx) view of life (the removal of living tissue from the body to be viewed under the microscope)
dermatautoplasty surgical repair using one's own skin (for the skin graft [autograft])
dermatoheteroplasty surgical repair using skin from others (for the skin graft [allograft])
dermatoplasty surgical repair of the skin
onychectomy excision of a nail
rhytidectomy excision of wrinkles (facelift)
rhytidoplasty surgical repair of wrinkles
dermatologist a physician who studies and treats skin (diseases)
dermatology study of the skin
dermatome instrument used to cut skin
epidermal pertaining to upon the skin
erythroderma red skin (abnormal redness of the skin)
hypodermic pertaining to under the skin
intradermal pertaining to within the skin
keratogenic originating in horny tissue
leukoderma white skin (less color than normal)
necrosis abnormal condition of death (cells and tissue die because of disease)
percutaneous pertaining to through the skin
staphylococcus berry-shaped (bacteria) in grape-like clusters
streptococcus berry-shaped (bacteria) in twisted chains
subcutaneous (sc) pertaining to under the skin
ungual pertaining to the nail
xanthoderma yellow skin (jaundice)
adipose fat, fatty
albino an individual with pigment deficiency in the eyes, hair and skin. A hereditary disorder
allergy hypersensitivity to a substance
alopecia loss of hair
cicatrix scar
cytomegalovirus (CMV) a herpes-type virus that usually causes disease when the immune system is compromised
debridement removal of contaminated or dead tissue and foreigh matter from an open would
decubitus ulcer bedsore; an open area of skin caused by pressure or irritation
dermabrasion procedure to remove skin scars with abrasive material
diaphoresis profuse sweating
disseminate to scatter over a considerable area
ecchymosis escape of blood into the tissues, causing superficial discoloration; a black and blue mark
edema puffy swelling of tissue from the accumulation of fluid
emollient agent that softens or soothes the skin
erythema redness
induration abnormal hard spot(s)
jaundice condition characterized by a yellow tinge to the skin
keloid overgrowth of scar tissue
leukoplakia condition characterized by white spots or patches on mucous membrane, which may be precancerous
macule flat, colored spot on the skin
nevus circumscribed pigmented area present at birth; mole, birthmark
pallor paleness
papule small, solid skin elevation (pimple)
petechia pinpoint skin hemorrages
pruritus severe itching
purpura disorder characterized by hemorrhages into the tissue, giving the skin a purple-red discoloration
pustule elevation of skin containing pus
ulcer eroded sore on the skin or mucous membrane
cerruca circumscribed cutaneous elecation caused by a virus; wart
vesicle small elevation of epidermis containing liquid; blister
virus an infectious agent
wheal transitory, round, itchy elevation of the skin with a white center and a red surrounding area; a wheal is an individual urticaria lesion
Created by: ihavekids