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APHG Ch. One Test

Who was Erasthenes? The first person to use the word geography.
What does the prefex "geo" mean? "Earth".
What does the ending "graohy" mean? "to write".
Physical Geography is...? Where and why natural forces occur.
Human Geography is...? Where and why human activities occur.
What do cartographers do? Draw maps.
What is a projection..? How our spherical earth is put on a flat surface.
What are distortions? A distortion of either shape, distance, realtive size, or directions.
How would you describe the Mercator Projection? A projection where the poles are distorted, and the map itself is placed on a rectangular surface.
How would you describe the Mollweide Projection? A projection with equal area, because the grid is curved, and everything is to scale-- everything but, the oceans.
How would you describe the Robinson Projection? A projection with a curved grid, and where oceans seem to be larger than the land.
What is a GIS? A "Global Positioning System" which stores information about a location in several layers, and each layer represents a different category of information.
What is a GPS? A system that determines accurately the precise position of something on the Earth.
What are the five themes of Geogrophy? Location, Place, Region, Interaction, and Movement.
What is location? The position of an area on the Earth's surface.
What is a toponym? The name of a place.
What is a Mental Map? A map in your mind.
What is Distance Decay? Decreasing influence from distance from its origin.
What are the types of Regions? Formal Regions, Functional Regions, and Vernacular Regions.
What are Formal Regions? All members share one or more characteristics with eachother.
What are Functional Regions? Defined by a node of activity and distance decay from a center.
What are Vernacular Regions? Perception of a cultural identity.
What is Culture? A group of people's way of life.
What is the Cultural Landscape of an area? Forms superimposed on the physical environment.
What is Enviromental Determinism? the belief that Physical enviroment causes social developement.
What is Possibilism? The belief that humans can overcome their enviroment.
Who first introduced the classification of climate? Vladimir Koppen.
What are the five principles of climate? Tropical Humid, Dry, Mild-Mid Latitude, Severe Mid-Latitude, Severe Mid-Latitiude, Polar, Highland.
What is Globalization? The process that involves the entire world and results in making something worldwide.
What is Globalization of the Economy? Transnational corporations. Every place in the world is part of the global economy.
What is Globalization of a culture? Uniform culture preferences, more similarities than differences.
What is Density? Population, Arithmatic, Agricultural, Phycological--- all of which are ways for somethign to be spread out.
What is concentration? How things are spaced out.
What is pattern? The geometric arrangement.
What is the Space-Time Compression? The reduction of time in which it takes for one thing to reach another place.
What is Tobler's First Law of Geography? That everything is related to everything else, but near things are more related than farther things.
What is diffusion? The process at which characteristics spread across space from one place to another over time.
What is Hierarchical Diffusion? Is a form of diffusion in which an idea or innovation spreads by trickling down from larger to smaller adoption units.
What is Contagious Diffusion? It refers to a cultural trait spreading across a population like a disease.
What are the two branches of expansion diffusion? Hierarchical, and Contagious.
Created by: Platypi