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AP Human Geo Ch.2

AP Human Geography vocab Chapter 2, Rubenstein

Agricultural Revolution The time when human beings first domesticated plants and animals and no longer relied entirely on hunting and gathering.
Census A complete enumeration of a population.
Demographic Transition The proxess of change in a society's population from a condition of high crude birth and death rates and low rate of natural increase to a condition of low crude birth and death rates, low rate of natural increase, and a higher total population.
Ecumene the portion of Earth's surface occupied by permanent human settlement.
Industrial Revolution A series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing gods.
Medical Revolution Medical Technology invented in Europe and North America is diffused to the poorer countries of Latin America, Asia, and Africa. Improved medical practices have eliminated many of the traditional deaths
Pandemic Disease that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects a very high proportion of the population.
TFR Total Fertility rate - The average number of children a woman will have throughout her childbearing years
Doubling Time The number of years needed to double a population, assuming a constant rate of natural increase
CBR Crude Birth Rate - The total Number of deaths in a year for every 1,000 people alive in the society.
Demography the scientific study of population characteristics
Epidemiological Transition Distinctive causes of death in each stage of the demographic transition.
IMR Infant Mortality Rate - The total number of deaths in a year among infants under 1 year old for every 1,000 live births.
NIR Natural Increase Rate - The percentage growth of a population in a year, computed as the crude birth rate minus the crude death rate.
Population Pyramid a bar graph representing the distribution of population by age and sex.
ZPG Zero Population Growth - A decline of the total fertility rate to the point where the natural increase rate equals zero.
CDR Crude Death Rate - The Total number of deaths in a year for every 1,000 people alive in the society.
Dependency Ratio The number of people under the age of 15 and over age 64, compared to the number of people active in the labor force.
Epidemiology branch of medical science concerned with the incidence, distribution, and powerful one in order to create an ethnically homogeneous region.
Life Expectancy The average number of years an individual can be expected to live, given current social, economic, and medical conditions. Life expectancy at birth is the average number of years a newborn infant can expect to live
Overpopulation The number of people in an area exceeds the capacity of the environment to support life at a decent standard of living.
Sex Ratio Number of males per 100 females in a population.
Created by: 1617934983