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ROSS MIBOA CH. 13

NERVOUS SYSTEM TERMS + ROOTS, PREFIXES & SUFFIXES

QuestionAnswer
ARACHN/O SPIDER
CEREBR/O CEREBRUM; BRAIN
CRANI/O CRANIUM; SKULL
DENDR/O BRANCHING; DENDRITE
ELECTR/O ELECTRICITY
ENCEPHAL/O BRAIN
GLI/O MEUROGLIA; NERVE CELL
HYDR/O WATER; FLUID
MENING/O MENINGES
MYEL/O SPINAL CORD (ALSO BONE MARROW
NEUR/O NERVE
OLIG/O FEW; DIMINISHED
QUARD/I FOUR
THEC/O SHEATH
THROMB/O CLOT
VASCUL/O BLOOD VESSELS
VENTRICUL/O VENTRICLE
DURA- HARD
ECHO- SOUND
-ALGIA PAIN
PMALACIA SOFTENING
-PARESIS PARTIAL PARALYSIS
-PATHY DISEASE
-PLEGIA PARALYSIS
ALS AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS
ANS AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
CNS CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
CP CEREBRAL PALSY
CSF CEREBROSPINAL FLUID
CVA CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENT
EEG ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY
HD HUNTINGTON DISEASE
ICP INTRACRANIAL PRESSURE
LP LUMBAR PUNCTURE
MS MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS
PEG PNEUMOENCEPHALOGRAPHY
PNS PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
PPS POSTPOLIO SYNDROME
SNS SOMATIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
TENS TRANSCUTANEOUS ELECTRICAL NERVE STIMULATION
TIA TRANSIENT ISCHEMIC ATTACK
AQUE/O WATERY
BLAST/O IMMATURE
BLEPHAR/O EYELID
CONJUNCTIV/O CONJUNCTIVA
CORNEA/O CORNEA
DACRY/O TEARS
DACRYOCYST/O TEAR SAC
DIPL/O DOUBLE
FUND/O FUNDUS; BASE
GLAUC/O SILVER; GRAY
IR/O; IRID/O IRIS
KERAT/O CORNEA
LACRIM/O TEARS
OCUL/O EYE
OPHTHALM/O EYE
OPT/O EYE; VISION
PALPEBR/O EYELID
PHAC/O; PHAK/O LENS
PHOT/O LIGHT
PUPILL/O PUPIL
RETIN/O RETINA
SCLER/O SCLERA; HARD
UVE/O UVEA
VITRE/O GLASSY; JELLY-LIKE
ECT- OUTSIDE; OUT
EN-; ESO- IN; INWARD
EX- OUT; OUTWARD
PRESBY- AGING; OLD
-METRY TO MEASURE
-OPIA VISION
-TROPIA; -TROPION TO TURN; TURNING
ECCE EXTRACAPSULAR CATARACT EXTRACTION
EOM EXTRAOCULAR MOVEMENT
ICCE INTRACAPSULAR CATARACT EXTRACTION
IOL INTRAOCULAR LENS
IOP INTRAOCULAR PRESSURE
LASIK LASER IN SITU KERATOMILEUSIS
OD RIGHT EYE (OCULUS DEXTER)
OS LEFT EYE (OCULUS SINISTER)
OU EACH EYE (OCULUS UTERQUE)
PERRLA PUPILS EQUAL, ROUND, REACTIVE TO LIGHT AND ACCOMMODATION
PRK PHOTOREFRACTIVE KERATECTOMY
REM RAPID EYE MOVEMENT
RK RADIAL KERATOTOMY
VA VISUAL ACUITY
VF VISUAL FIELD
ACOUST/O HEARING
AUDI/O HEARING; SOUND
COCHLE/O COCHLEA
LABYRINTH/O INNER EAR; LABYRINTH
LARYNG/O LARYNX
MYC/O FUNGUS
MYRING/O EARDRUM; TYMPANIC MEMBRANE
OT/O EAR
RHIN/O NOSE
STAPED/O STAPES; MIDDLE EAR BONES
TYMPAN/O EARDRUM; TYMPANIC MEMBRANE
PRESBY- OLD; AGING
-ALGIA PAIN
-CUSIS; -CUSIA HEARING
-METRY TO MEASURE
-PLASTY SURGICAL REPAIR
-RRHEA FLOW; DISCHARGE
AC AIR CONDUCTION
AD RIGHT EAR (AURIS DEXTRA)
AS LEFT EAR (AURIS UNITAS)
AU EACH EAR (AURIS UNITAS)
BC BONE CONDUCTION
BOM BILATERAL OTITIS MEDIA
EENT EYES, EARS, NOSE, THROAT
ENT EARS, NOSE, THROAT
TM TYMPANIC MEMBRANE
CEREBRUM LARGEST SECTION OF THE BRAIN; CONSCIOUSNESS, MEMORY, SENSATIONS, EMOTIONS AND VOLUNTARY MOVEMENT
CEREBELLUM ATTACHES BRAIN TO THE BRAIN STEM; IN CHARGE OF MUSCLE TONEL, MOVEMENT AND BALANCE
MIDBRAIN PROVIDES NERVE CONDUCTION PATHWAYS TO AND FROM THE BRAIN
PONS "BRIDGE" NERVE CELLS CROSS FROM ONE SIDE OF THE BRAIN TO CONTROL OPPOSITE SIDE OF THE BODY
MEDULLA OBLONGATA LOWEST SECTION OF THE BRAIN STEM; CONTROLS MUSCLES OF RESPIRATION, HEART RATE AND BLOOD PRESSURE
THALAMUS RELAYS NERVE IMPULSES TO AND FROM THE CEREBRAL CORTEX AND THE SENSE ORGANS
HYPOTHALAMUS REGULATES HEART RATE, BLOOD PRESSURE, RESPIRATORY RATE, DIGESTION, EMOTIONS, BEHAVIOR, BODY TEMP, WATER BALANCE AND THIRST, SLEEP-WAKE CYCLES, HUNGER, ENDOCRINE FUNCTION; CALLED THE "THERMOSTAT: OF THE BODY
CORPUS CALLOSUM CONNECTS THE 2 HEMISPHERES OF THE BRAIN
CRANIAL NERVE I OLFACTORY NERVE SMELL
CRANIAL NERVE II OPTIC NERVE SIGHT
CN III OCULOMOTOR NERVE EYE MOVEMENT
CN IV TROCHLEAR NERVE EYE MOVEMENT AND EYE MUSCLE SENSATIONS
CN V TRIGEMINAL NERVE CHEWING AND FACIAL SENSATIONS
CN VI ABDUCENS NERVE TURN THE EYEBALL OUTWARD OR AWAY FROM MIDLINE
CN VII FACIAL NERVE IMPULSES TO SCALP, FOREHEAD, EYELIDS, CHEEK, JAW, & OTHER FACIAL MUSCLES
CN VIII ACOUSTIC NERVE HEARING AND BALANCE; ALSO CALLED AUDITORY NERVE
CN IX GLOSSOPHARYNGEAL NERVE TASTE, VISCERA AND SECRETIONS OF SOME GLANDS
CN X VAGUS NERVE SPEECH, SWALLOWING, CARDIAC MUSCLE, SMOOTH MUSCLE, GLAND AND DUCTS OR RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
CN XI ACCESSORY NERVE SPEECH, SWALLOWING, HEAD AND SHOULDER MOVEMENTS
CN XII HYPOGLOSSAL NERVE SWALLOWING AND MOVING THE TONLGUE
ALZHEIMER DISEASE PROGRESSIVE, DEBILITATING DETERIORATION OF ONE'S INTELLECTUAL FUNCTIONING
AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS (ALS) SEVERE WEAKENING & WASTING OF MUSCLE GROUPS FROM LOSS OF MOTOR NEURON FUNCTION IN BRAIN STEM & SPINAL CORD
ANENCEPHALY CONGENITAL ABSENCE OF BRAIN & SOMETIMES THE SPINAL CORD TOO
ATAXIA LACKS MUSCULAR COORDINATION, VOLUNTARY MUSCLE MOVEMENT
BELL PALSY WEAKNESS OR PARALYSIS OF MUSCLES OF ONE SIDE OF THE FACE
CEPHALALGIA PAIN IN THE HEAD, HEADACHE
CEREBRAL ANEURYSM DILATION OF CEREBRAL ARTERY THAT MIGHT PUT PRESSURE ON CEREBRAL TISSUE & ALTERS CEREBRAL FUNCTION
CEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE BURSTING FORTH OF BLOOD INTO CEREBRAL TISSUE FROM RUPTURE OF A CEREBRAL VESSEL
CEREBRAL PALSY (CP) LACK OF VOLUNTARY MUSCLE CONTROL & COORDINATION FROM LACK OF OXYGEN TO BRAIN AT OR NEAR TIME OF BIRTH
CEREBRAL THROMBOSIS PRESENCE OF ATHEROSCLEROTIC CLOT IN A CEREBRAL BLOOD VESSEL THAT CAUSES DEATH OF PORTIONS OF BRAIN TISSUE
CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENT (CVA) RUPTURE OF CEREBRAL BLOOD VESSEL CAUSING DECREASED BLOOD FLOW TO AFFECTED AREA AND EATH TO A SPECIFIC PORTION OF THE BRAIN (STROKE)
CHIARI MALFORMATION STRUCTURAL DEFECT - TYPES I THROUGH TYPE IV REFER TO MIBOA BOOK PAGE 393 FOR FURTHER INFO
CONCUSSION VIOLENT JARRING, SHAKING, BLUNT INJURY TO THE BRAIN; MAY OR MAY NOT LOSE CONSCIOUSNESS
CONTUSION SMALL VENOUS HEMORRHAGES IN THE BRAIN FROM STRIKING THE CRANIUM--ALSO CALLED A BRUISE
DEMENTIA PROGRESSIVE IRREVERSIBLE DETERIORATION OF MEMORY, JUDGMENT & THOUGHT PROCESSES
ENCEPHALITIS (ENCEPHAL/O + ITIS) INFLAMMATION OF THE BRAIN
ENCEPHALOMALACIA (ENCEPHAL/O + MALACIA) SOFTENING OF BRAIN TISSUE
ENCEPHALOPATHY (ENCEPHAL/O + PATHY) ANY DISEASE OF THE BRAIN
EPIDURAL HEMATOMA (EPI + DURA + AL) SWELLING/MASS OF B LOOD BETWEEN THE CRANIUM AND THE DURA MATER CAUSING PRESSURE ON THE BRAIN IN THE AFFECTED AREA
EPILEPSY A SEIZURE DISORDER - RECURRING EPISODES OF IRREGULAR ELECTRICAL ACTIVITY OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM-
GLIOMA (GLI/O + OMA) MALIGNANT TUMOR OF NEUROGLIAL CELLS
GUILLAIN-BARRE SYNDROME ACUTE INFLAMMATION OF SEVERAL NERVES OF THE PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM; CHARACTERIZED BY SYMMETRICAL PAIN AND WEAKNESS OF THE EXTREMETIES; PARALYSIS MAY ALSO DEVELOP
HEMIPARESIS (HEMI- + -PLEGIA) PARTIAL PARALYSIS OF ONE SIDE OF THE BODY
HEMIPLEGIA (HEMI- + -PLEGIA PARALYSIS OF ONE SIDE OF THE BODY
HUNTINGTON DISEASE (HD) GENETIS DISORDER SYMPTOMS OF PROGRESSIVE AND IRREVERSIBILE DEGENERATION OF CEREBRAN NEURONS RESULTING IN UNCONTROLLED M OVEMENTS, LOSS OF INTELLECTUAL CAPABILITIES, EMOTIONAL DISTURBANCES - ALSO CALLED HUNTINGTON CHOREA
HYDROCEPHALUS (HYDR/O + CEPHAL/O = -US) "WATER ON THE BRAIN" ABNORMAL ACCUMULATION OF CEREBROSPINAL FLUID AROUND THE BRAIN; SWELLING OF THE HEAD.
MENINGIOMA (MENING/O + OMA) SLOW GROWTH TUMOR OF THE MENINGES OF THE BRAIN, PRIMARILY FROM THE ARACHNOID MEMBRANE
MENINGITIS (MENING/O + -ITIS) INFECTION OR INFLAMMATION OF THE MEMBRANES COVERING THE BRAIN OR SPINAL CORD (MENINGES); BACTERIAL/VIRAL & SYMPTOMS OF SEVERE HEADACHE, VOMITING
MENINGOCELE (MENING/O + -CELE) HERNIATION OF THE MENINGES THROUGH A HOLE IN THE SKULL OR VERTEBRAL COLUMN
MENINGOMYELOCELE (MENING/0 + MYEL/O + -CELE) HERNIATION OF THE SPINAL CORD & MENINGES THROUGH A DEFECT IN THE VERTEBRAL COLUMN
MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS (ms) DEGENERATIVE INFLAMMATORY DISEASE OF CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM; ATTACKED THE MYELIN SHEATH OF THE SPINAL CORD & BRAINCAUSING HARDENING & SCARRING.
MYELOMALACIA (MYEL/O + -MALACIA) ABNORMAL SOFTENING OF THE SPINAL CORD
NEURALGIA (NEUR/O + -ALGIA) SEVERE SHARP PAIN OF A NERVE OR ALONG THE COURSE OF A NERVE
NEURITIS (NEUR/O + -ITIS) INFLAMMATION OF NERVE OR NERVES
NEUROBLASTOMA (NEUR/O + BLAST/O + -OMA) MALIGNANT TUMOR COMPOSED OF CELLS DERIVED FROM EMBRYONIC NEURAL TISSUE; USUALLY OCCURS IN YOUNG CHILDREN
NEUROPATHY (NEUR/O + -PATHY) ANY DISEASE OF THE NERVES
PARAPLEGIA (PARA- + -PLEGIA) PARALYSIS OF THE LOWER HALF OF THE BODY, INCLUDING THE LEGS
PARKINSON DISEASE CHRONIC, PROGRESSIVE NERVOUS DISEASE CHARACTERIZED BY TREMOR, MUSCULAR WEAKNESS & RIGIDITY
POLIOMYELITIS INFECTIOUS VIRAL DISEASE AFFECTS THE MOTOR (EFFERENT) NEURONS OF THE BRAIN & SPINAL CORD, RESULTING IN MUSCLE PARALYSIS & WASTING
POLYNEURITIS (POLY- + NEUR/O + -ITIS) INFLAMMATION OF MANY NERVES OR NERVE FIBERS
POSTPOLIO SYNDROME SLOW, PROGRESSIVE WEAKENING OF MUSCLES THAT OCCURS IN @ 25% OF POLIOMYELITIS SURVIVORS 20-30 YEARS AFTER INITIAL ILLNESS
QUADRIPLEGIA (QUADR/I + -PLEGIA) PARALYSIS OF ALL 4 LIMBS; USUALLY FROM SPINAL CORD INJURY
REYE SYNDROME ACUTE ENCEPHALOPATHY AFTER AN ACUTE VIRAL INFECTION
SCIATICA SEVERE PAIN ALONG THE COURSE OF SCIATIC NERVE, FROM BACK OF THIGH & DOWN INSIDE OF THE LEG
SEIZURE EXCESSIVE IRREGULAR ELECTRICAL ACTIVITY OF CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM ASSOCIATED WITH EPILEPSY
SHINGLES; HERPES ZOSTER ACUTE VIRAL INFECTION CHARACTERIZED BY AN INFLAMMATION OF A SPINAL OR CRANIAL NERVE PATHWAY; PRODUCES PAINFUL VESICULAR ERUPTIONS ON THE SKIN
SUBDURAL HEMATOMA (SUB- + DURA- + -AL) COLLECTION OF BLOOD BELOW THE DURA MATER & ABOVE THE ARACHNOID MEMBRANE; OFTEN RESULT OF A CLOSED HEAD INJURY
SYNCOPE LOSS OF CONSCIOUSNESS DUE TO A LACK OF BLOOD SUPPLY TO THE BRAIN; FAINTING
TRANSIENT ISCHEMIC TEMPORARY INTERFERENCE/INTERRUPTION OF BLOOD SUPPLY TO A PORTION OF THE BRAIN
TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA; TIC DOULOUREAUX SEVERE PAIN THAT RADIATES ALONG THE 5TH CRANIAL NERVE & AFFECTS ONE SIDE OF THE HEAD & FACE
CEREBROSPINAL FLUID ANALYSIS (CEREBR/O + SPIN/O + -AL) LAB ANALYSIS OF CEREBROSPINAL FLUID (csf) TO DETECT THE PRESENCE OF BACTERIA, BLOOD, & MALIGNANT CELLS & TO MEASURE GLUCOSE & PROTEIN CONTENT
CRANIOTOMY (CRANI/O + -(O)TOMY) INCISION INTO THE SKULL TO PROVIDE ACCESS TO THE BRAIN OR TO RELIEVE INTRACRANIAL PRESSURE
ECHOENCEPHALOGRAPHY (ECHO- + ENCEPHAL/O + -GRAPHY) PROCESS OF RECORDING A PICTURE OF THE STRUCTURES OF THE BRAIN USING SOUND WAVES
ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAM (ELECTR/O + ENCEPHAL/O + -GRAM) GRAPHIC RECORD OF THE ELECTRICAL ACTIVITY OF THE BRAIN
ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY (ELECTR/O + ENCEPHAL/O + -GRAPHY) PROCESS OF RECORDING THE ELECTRICAL ACTIVITY OF THE BRAIN
EVOKED POTENTIAL STUDIES ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHIC TEST THAT MEASURES THE BRAIN ACTIVITY IN RESPONSE TO VARIOUS TYPES OF ELECTRICAL STIMULATION
LUMBAR PUNCTURE (LB) INSERTION OF NEEDLE INTO SUBARACHNOID SPACE, USUALLY BETWEEN 3RD/4TH LUMBAR VERTEBRAE, TO WITHDRAW CEREBROSPINAL FLUID; ALSO CALLED SPINAL TAP
MYELOGRAPHY (MYEL/O + -GRAPHY) PROCESS OF RECORDING AN X-RAY PICTURE OF THE SPINAL CORD AND SPINAL CAVITY
MYELOGRAM (MYEL/O + -GRAM) X-RAY RECORD OF THE SPINAL CORD & SPINAL CAVITY
NEURECTOMY (NEUR/O + -ECTOMY) SURGICAL EXCISION OF A NERVE OR NERVE FIBERS
PNEUMOENCEPHALOGRAPHY (PNEUM/O + ENCEPHAL/O + -GRAPHY) PROCESS OF RECORDING X-RAY PICTURE OF VENTRICLES & OTHER FLUID-FILLED CAVITIES OF THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM; AIR OR ANOTHER TYPE OF GAS IS USED AS THE CONTRAST MEDIUM.
ROMBERG TEST TECHNIQUE USED TO ASSESS & EVALUATE CEREBELLAR FUNCTION & BALANCE
TRANSCUTANEOUS ELECTRICAL NERVE STIMULATION (TENS) (TRANS- + CUTANE/O + -OUS) PAIN-RELIEV TREATMENT WHERE ELECTRICAL IMPULSES ARE DELIVERED THROUGH THE SKIN TO NERVE ENDINGS NEAR THE PAIN SITE; THE IMPULESE PREVENT THE TRANSMISSION OF PAIN SIGNALS TO THE BRAIN
ASTIGMATISM REFRACTIVE ERROR CAUSING LIGHT RAYS TO BE FOCUSED IRREGULARLY ON THE RETINA DUE TO ABNORMALLY SHAPED CORNEA
BLEPHARITIS (BLEPHAR/O + -ITIS) INFLAMMATION OF THE EYELIDS
BELPHAROPTOSIS (BLEPHAR/O + -PTOSIS) DROOPING OF AN EYELID
CATARACT PROGRESSIVE CLOUDINESS OF THE CRYSTALLINE LENS
CHALZION CYST OR NODULE ON THE EYELID AS A RESULT OF AN OBSTRUCTED MEIBOMIAN GLAND
COLOR BLINDNESS INABILITY TO RECOGNIZE OR "SEE" CERTAIN COLORS
CONJUNCTIVITIS (CONJUNCTIV/O + -ITIS) INFLAMMATION OF THE CONJUNCTIVIA; ALLSO CALLED PINKEYE
DACRYOCYSTITIS (DACRYOCYST/O + -ITIS) INFLAMMATION OF THE TEAR SAC OR LACRIMAL SAC
DETACHED RETINA SEPARATION OF THE RETINA FROM THE CHOROID LAYER OF THE EYE
DIABETIC RETINOPATHY (RETIN/O + -PATHY) DISEASE OF THE RETINA AND ITS CAPILLARIES CAUSED BY LONG-STANDING & USUALLY POORLY CONTROLLED DIABETES MELLITUS
DIPLOPIA (DIPL/O + -OPIA) DOUBLE VISION; MAY BE IN ONE OR BOTH EYES
ECTROPION (ECT- + -TROPION) TURNING OUTWARD OF THE EYELASH MARGINS, USUALLY AFFECTS THE LOWER EYELID
ENTROPION (EN- + -TROPION) TURNING INWARD OF THE EYELASH MARGINS, USUALLY AFFECTS THE LOWER EYELID
ESOTROPIA (ESO- + -TROPIA) INWARD TURNING OF THE EYES; ALSO KNOWN AS CONVERGENT STRABISMUS; OR CROSS-EYED
EXOPHTHALMIA (EX- + OPHTHALM/O + -IA) ABNORMAL PROTRUSION OF THE EYEBALL(S)
EXOTROPIA (EX- + -TROPIA) OUTWARD TURNING OF THE EYES, ALSO KNOWN AS DIVERGENT STRABISMUS; OR CALLED WALLEYED
GLAUCOMA INCREASED INTRAOCULAR PRESSURE
HORDEOLUM BACTERIAL INFECTION OF AN EYELASH FOLLICLE OR SEBACEOUS GLAND; CALLED A "STY"
HYPEROPIA (HYPER- + -OPIA) EXCESSIVE VISION OF CLOSE OBJECTS; LIGHT RAYS FOCUS BEYOND THE RETINA; CALLED "FARSIGHTEDNESS"
IRITIS (IR/O + -ITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE IRIS
KERATITIS (KERAT/O + -ITIS) INFLAMMATION OF THE CORNEA
MYOPIA IMPAIRED VISION OF DISTANT OBJECTS; LIGHT RAYS FOCUS IN FRONT OF THE RETINA; CALLED "NEARSIGHTEDNESS"
NYCTALOPIA IMPAIRED OR INADEQUATE VISION AT NIGHT; CALLED "NIGHT BLINDNESS"
NYSTAGMUS INVOLUNTARY MOVEMENTS OF THE EYE(S); MAY OR MAY NOT BE APPARENT TO THE INDIVIDUAL
OPHTHALMIA NEONATORUM (OPHTHALM/O + -IA NEO- + NAT/O + -UM) INFLAMMATION OF THE CONJUNCTIVA OF A NEWBORN; CAUSED BY IRRITATION, BLOCKED TEAR DUCT, OR VIRAL INFECTION FROM THE BIRTH CANAL; ALSO CALLED "NEWBORN/NEONATAL CONJUNCTIVITIS"
PHOTOPHOBIA (PHOT/O + -PHOBIA) ABNORMAL SENSITIVITY TO LIGHT
PHOTORETINITIS (PHOT/O + RETIN/O + -ITIS) DAMAGE OR INFLAMMATION OF THE RETINA DUE TO EXCESSIVE EXPOSURE TO LIGHT
PRESBYOPIA (PRESBY- + -OPIA) IMPAIRED VISION DUE TO AGING
PTERYGIUM IRREGULAR GROWTH AND THICKENING OF THE CONJUNCTIVA ON THE NASAL SIDE OF THE CORNEA
RETINITIS PIGMENTOSA (RETIN/O + -ITIS DEGENERATIVE DISEASE OF THE RETINA; WITHOUT INFLAMMATION, RESULTS IN DEFECTIVE NIGHT VISIONA AND DECREASED FIELD OF VISION
RETINOBLASTOMA (RETIN/O + BLAST/O + -OMA) MALIGNANT TUMOR OF THE RETINA
SCLEROKERATITIS (SCLER/O + KERAT/O + -ITIS) INFLAMMATION OF THE SCLERA AND CORNEA
RETINOPATHY (RETIN/O + -PATHY) ANY DISEASE OR DISORDER OF THE RETINA
STRABISMUS INABILITY OF THE EYES TO GAZE IN THE SAME DIRECTION BECAUSE OF WEAKNESS OF THE EYE MUSCLES
TACHOMA CHRONIC, CONTAGIOUS FORM OF CONJUNCTIVITIS CHARACTERIZED BY HYPERTROPHY OF THE CONJUNCTIVA
UVEITIS (UVE/O + -ITIS) INFLAMMATION OF THE IRIS, CILIARY BODY AND CHOROID
BLEPHAROPLASTY (BLEPHAR/O + -PLASTY) SURGICAL REPAIR OR PLASTIC SURGERY OF THE EYELID
CORNEAL TRANSPLANT (CORNE/O + AL) SURGICAL TRANSPLANTATION OF A DONOR CORNEA INTO EYE OF A RECIPIENT
CRYOEXTRATION OF THE LENS REMOVAL OF THE CRYSTALLINE LENS WITH A COOLING PROBE
ENUCLEATION OF THE EYE REMOVAL OF THE EYE FROM THE ORBIT
EXTRACAPSULAR CATARACT EXTRACTION (ECCE) REMOVAL OF CRYSTALLINE LENS & ANTERIOR SEGMENT OF LENS CAPSULE
FUNDUSCOPY (FUND/O + -SCOPY) EXAMINATION OF THE POSTERIOR INNER PART OF THE EYE, (FUNDUS) USING AN OPHTHALMOSCOPE
INTRAOCULAR LENS IMPLANT (INTRA- + OCUL/O + -AR) SURGICAL IMPLANTATION OF A CRYSTALLINE LENS; USUALLY DONE AT TIME OF CATARACT EXTRACTION
IRIDECTOMY (IRID/O + -ECTOMY) EXCISION OF A SECTION OF THE IRIS
KERATOPLASTY (KERAT/O + -PLASTY) SURGICAL REPAIR OF CORNEA CHARACTERIZED BY EXCISION OF OPAQUE SECTION OF CORNEA
LASER IN SITU KERATOMILEUSIS (LASIK) PROCEDURE TO CORRECT VISION PROBLEMS, ESPECIALLY MYOPIA, BY REMOVING TISSUE & PERMANENTLY CHANGING THE SHAPE OF THE CORNEA
OPHTHALMOSCOPY (OPHTHALM/O + -SCOPY) EXAMINATION OF THE INTERIOR OF THE EYE
PHACOEMULSIFICATION BREAKING THE CRYSTALLINE LENS OR ITS CATARACT INTO TINY PARTICLES THAT CAN BE REMOVED BY SUCTION OR ASPIRATION
PHOTOREFRACTIVE KERATECTOMY (PRK) SURGICAL REMOVAL OF CORNEAL SURFACE CELLS TO CORRECT OR REDUCE MYOPIA
RADIAL KERATOTOMY (RK) SPOKE-LIKE INCISION INTO THE CORNEA TO CORRECT NEARSIGHTEDNESS
RETINAL PHOTOCOAGULATION LASER SURGERY OF RETINA TO CORRECT RETINAL DETACHMENT & PREVENT HEMORRHAGE OR RETINAL BLOOD VESSELS
SCLERAL BUCKLING REPAIR OF RETINAL DETACHMENT BY RESECTING OR FOLDING IN THE SCLERA
TRABECULECTOMY SURGICAL EXCISION OF PORTION OF CORNEAL & SCLERAL TISSUE TO DECREASE INTRAOCULAR PRESSURE
TRABECULOPLASTY SURGICAL CREATION OF A PERMANENT FISTULA TO DRAIN EXCESS AQUEOUS HUMOR FROM ANTERIOR CHAMBER OF EYE TO RELIEVE INTRAOCULAR PRESSURE ASSOCIATED WITH GLAUCOMA
VITRECTOMY (VITRE/O + -ECTOMY) SURGICAL REMOVAL OF ALL OR PART OF THE VITREOUS HUMOR
ACOUSTIC NEUROMA (ACOUST/O + -IC NEUR/O + -OMA) BENIGN TUMOR OF THE ACOUSTIC NERVE
CHOLESTEATOMA SLOW GROWTH CYSTIC MASS/TUMOR MADE UP OF EPITHELIAL CELL DEBRIS & CHOLESTEROL; OCCURS IN THE MIDDLE EAR
CONDUCTIVE DEAFNESS HEARING LOSS CAUSED BY IMPAIRED TRANSMISSION OF SOUND WAVES THROUGH THE MIDDLE OR EXTERNAL EAR
IMPACTED CERUMEN EXCESSIVE ACCUMULATION OF CERUMEN (EARWAX)
LABYRINTHITIS (LABYRINTH/O + -ITIS) INFLAMMATION OR INFECTION OF THE LABYRINTH OR INNER EAR
MENIERE DISEASE CHRONIC INNER EAR DISEASE CHARACTERIZED BY VERTIGIO, SENSORIAL HEARING LOSS, TINNITUS; MAUSEA, VOMITING & SWEATING MAY ALSO OCCUR
MYRINGITIS (MYRING/O = -ITIS) INFLAMMATION OF THE TYMPANIC MEMBRANE (EARDRUM)
OTALGIA (OT/O + -ALGIA) PAIN IN THE EAR; EARACHE
OTITIS EXTERNA INFLAMMATION OF THE EXTERNAL EAR CANAL; COMMONLY CALLED "SWIMMER'S EAR"
OTITIS MEDIA INFECTION & INFLAMMATION OF THE MIDDLE EAR; COMMONLY CALLED "MIDDLE EAR INFECTION"
OTOMYCOSIS (OT/O + MYC/O + -OSIS) FUNGAL INFECTION OF THE EXTERNAL AUDITORY MEATUS (OPENING)
OTORRHEA (OT/O + RRHEA) DISCHARGE/DRAINAGE FROM THE EAR
OTOSCLEROSIS (OT/O + -SCLEROSIS) HEREDITARY; OOSSIFICATION OF THE BONES OF THE MIDDLE EAR; ESPECIALLY THE STAPES; CAUSING TINNITUS & DEAFNESS
PERFORATION OF THE TYMPANIC MEMBRANE RUPTURE OR DEVELOPMENT OF HOLES IN THE EARDRUM
PRESBYCUSIS IMPAIRED HEARING RELATED TO THE AGING PROCESS
SENSORINEURAL DEAFNESS LOSS OF HEARING FROM IMPAIRED/DAMAGED AUDITORY NERVE CELLS/TISSUE
SEROUS OTITIS MEDIA MIDDLE EAR INFECTION CHARACTERIZED BY ACCUMULATION OF SEROUS FLUID & AIR BUBBLES BEHIND THE TYMPANIC MEMBRANE
SUPPORTIVE OTITIS MEDIA MIDDLE EAR INFECTION CHARACTERIZED BY ACCUMULATION OF PURULENT (PUS-FILLED)FLUID BEHIND TYMPANIC MEMBRANE; SYMPTOMS MAY INCLUDE DIZZINESS & TINNITUS
TINNITUS RINGING OR TINKLING SENSATION IN THE EARS
TYMPANITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE TYMPANIC MEMBRANE; OFTEN ASSOCIATED WITH OTITIS MEDIA
VERTIGO SENSATION OF SPINNING OR DIZZINESS, USUALLY A RESULT OF A DISTURBANCE OF EQUILIBRIUM
AUDIOGRAM GRAPHIC RECORD OF HEARING
AUDIOMETRY MEASURING THE SENSE OF HEARING
MYRINGOPLASTY SURGICAL REPAIR OF THE TYMPANIC MEMBRANE
MYRINGOTOMY INCISION INTO THE TYMPANIC MEMBRANE
MYRINGOTOMY & TURES INCISION INTO THE TYMPANIC MEMBRANE & INSERTION OF TUBES TO ALLOW DRAINAGE OF FLUID THAT ACCUMULATES BEHIND THE EARDRUM
OTOPLASTY SURGICAL REPAIR OF ONE OR BOTH OF THE EARS; USUALLY REFERS TO REPAIR OF THE OUTER EAR
OTOSCOPY VISUALIZATION & EXAMINATION OF TYMPANIC MEMBRANE USING AN OTOSCOPE
RINNE TEST HEARING EXAMINATION THAT COMPARES BONE & AIR CONDUCTION OF SOUND WAVES USING A VIBRATING TUNING FORK
STAPEDECTOMY (STAPED/O + -ECTOMY) EXCISION OF THE STAPES
TYMPANOPLASTY (TYMPAN/O + -PLASTY) SURGICAL REPAIR OF THE TYMPANIC MEMBRANE
TYMPANOTOMY (TYMPAN/O + -OTOMY) INCISION INTO THE TYMPANIC MEMBRANE
WEBER TEST EXAMINATION OF AUDITORY ACUITY TO DETERMINE WHETHER A HEARING DEFICIT IS CONDUCTIVE OR SENSORINEURAL
Created by: Roseann58