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med term chp 3

medical term for exploring medical language

QuestionAnswer
anter/o front
caudo tail (downward)
cephalo head (upward)
dist/o away from the body
dors/o back
infer/o below
later/o side
medio middle
poster/o back, behind
proximo near (the point of attachment)
super/o above
ventr/o belly (front)
bi two
uni one
ad toward
ior pertaining to
caudad toward the tail (downward)
cephalad toward the head (upward)
lateral pertaining to the side
medial pertaining to the middle
unilateral pertaining to one side
bilater pertaining to two sides
mediolateral pertaining to the middle and to the side
distal pertaining to away (from the point of attachment of a body part)
proximal pertaining to near (to the point of attachment of a body part)
inferior pertaining to below
superior pertaining to above
caudal pertaining to the tail
cephalic pertaining to the head
anterior pertaining to the front
posterior pertaining to the back
dorsal pertaining to the back
ventral pertaining to the belly
anteroposterior pertaining to the front and to the back
posteroanterior pertaining to the back and to the front
frontal or coronal vertical field passing through the body from side to side, dividing the body into anterior and posterior portions
sagittal vertical field running through the body from front to back, dividing the body into right and left sides
midsaggital divides the body into right and left halves
transverse horizontal field dividing the body into upper and lower portions
umbilical region around navel
epigastric directly above the umbilical region
hypogastric region directly below the umbilical region
hypochondriac regions to the right and left of the epigastric region
lumbar regions to the right and left of the umbilical region
iliac regions to the right and left of the hypogastric region
Right upper quadrant (RUQ) refers to the area encompassing the right lobe of the liver, the gallblader, part of the pancreas, portions of the small and large intestines, and the right kidney
Left upper quadrant (LUQ) refers to the area encompassing the left lobe of the liver, the stomach, the spleen, part of the pancreas, portions of the small and large intestines, and the left kidney
Right lower quadrant (RLQ) refers to the area encompassing portions of the small and large intestines, the appendix, the right ureter and the right ovary and utering tube in woman or the right spermatic duct in men
Left lower quadrant (LLQ) refers to the area encompassing portions of the small and large intestines, the left ureter, and the left ovary and uterine tube in women or the left spermatic duct in men
ant anterior
AP anteroposterior
inf inferior
lat lateral
LLQ left lower quadrant
LUQ left upper quadrant
med medial
PA posteroanterior
RLQ right lower quadrant
RUQ right upper quadrant
sup superior
Created by: bmurphy51