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West African HS

Unit Benchmark Test B

QuestionAnswer
What natural resources helped bring fabulous wealth to West Africa? Its land was a main recourse because it produced many different crops. Mineral resources were iron gold and salt.
What products were traded in the empires of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai? The main product traded was salt and gold. Others were iron, food items, and cloth.
Why did Mansa Musa and Askia the Great encourage education in their empires? They were Muslims and wanted people to learn to read and write in Arabic so they could read the Qur’an.
Describe Mansa Musa’s pilgrimage to Mecca and its influence in Europe. Mansa Musa brought thousands of attendants with him and gave away huge quantities of gold. The spectacle turned the attention of Europe to Mali.
Describe the four bands, or natural environments, that are located in West Africa The northern band of West Africa is thesouthern part of the Sahara. Next band is the Sahel, a semiarid strip of land. Next is savannah,open grassland with scattered trees. Band farther south is the rain forest, or moist densely wooded areas.
How did loyalty to family and age-sets help village members’ work together? Village members work together because everyone in the village had specific duties. The men hunted and farmed. Women farmed, collected firewood, ground grain, carried water and tended the children. Children began working soon as they were able.
What were two early religious beliefs of West Africans? They believed that that spirits of their ancestors stayed nearby. Placed carved statues in sacred spaces and visited with ancestors’ spirits. They believed that bodies of water, trees, and other natural objects had spirits (animism).
How did the camel change desert travel? Instead of travelers only going a short trip from oasis to oasis, camels allowed for longer trips in the desert because of their ability to store water and carry heavy loads.
Do you think the practice of silent bartering was a good and fair way to trade? This practice offered each trader the best opportunity to get a fair deal. Or feel that one side or the other would have too great and opportunity to steal some of the goods. Or feel that talking is the better way to reach an agreement.
What qualities did Ibn Battutah admire in the people of Mali? He admired their justice, hatred of injustice, and careful observation of their religion.
Created by: HansenSedor