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geography- 1

AP Human Geography: Geography- Nature and Perpectives

Sequent occupance the succession of cultures leaving their mark in a shared space or territory, often over generations of time
Cultural landscape a combination of cultural features such as language and religion, economic features such as agriculture and industry, and physical features such as climate and vegetation; a culture’s unique imprint on their space on earth
Arithmetic density total number of objects in an area it is the total number of people divided by the total land area
Physiological density number of people per unit of arable land which is suitable for agriculture; population divided by number of square miles of farmland in the region
Hearth the place from which an innovative idea originates
Diffusion the process by which a characteristic spreads across space from one place to another over time
Relocation diffusion the spread of an idea through physical movement of people from one place to another
Expansion diffusion the spread of a feature from one place to another in a snowballing process
Hierarchical diffusion the spread of a feature or trend from one key person or node of authority or power to other persons or places; encouraged by modern methods of communications, such as computers, facsimile machines, and electronic mail systems
Contagious diffusion the rapid, widespread diffusion of a characteristic or trend throughout the population; Ex. disease, AIDS, swine flu; encouraged by the use of the Internet, especially the World Wide Web
Stimulus diffusion the spread of an underlying principle, even though a characteristic itself apparently fails to diffuse and specific characteristic is rejected; encouraged by all of the new technologies
Absolute distance the length of a path in space extending from one point to another; do not contain directional information; expressed in physical unit such as kilometers and can’t be changed
Relative distance distance measured in cost and time and not in linear terms such as miles or kilometers
Distribution the arrangement of something across Earth’s surface
Environmental determinism a nineteenth- and early twentieth-century approach to the study of geography which argued that the general laws sought by human geographers could be found in the physical sciences
Absolute location a position on the global grid with only one possible reference point
Relative location location as described in relation to places around it
Site the physical character of a place
Situation the location of a place relative to another place
Space Time Compression the reduction in the time it takes to diffuse something to a distant place as a result of improved communications and transportation systems
Friction of distance the degree to which distance interferes with some interaction
Distance decay the diminishing in importance and eventual disappearance of a phenomenon with increasing distance from its origin
Networks interconnecting routes allows movement from one center to the others
Connectivity the degree to which the nodes of a network are directly connected with each other
Accessibility The ease of approach to one location from other locations. This may be measured in terms of the distance travelled, the cost of travel, or the time taken
Space the physical gap or interval between two objects
Spatial Distribution Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
Size the relative amount of space taken up on the map by the landforms or objects on map
Scale generally, the relationship between the portion of the Earth being studied and Earth as a whole; specifically, the relationship between the size of an object on a map and the size of the actual feature on Earth’s surface
Formal region an area in which everyone shares in one or more distinctive characteristics
Functional region an area organized around a node or focal point
Vernacular region an area that people believe exists as part of their cultural identity
Possibilism the theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives
Natural Landscape the earth's features and processes without the influence of humans
Pattern the geometric or regular arrangement of something in a study area
Place Name a toponym is the name given to a place on Earth; most straightforward way to describe a particular location
Created by: kbagal
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