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health terms test1

chapters 1-3, core concepts in health

target behavior an isolated behavior selected as the object for a behavior change program.
self-efficacy the belief in one's ability to take action and perform a specific task.
health the overall condition of body or mind, the absence of illness
wellness optimal health and vitality, encompassing all the dimensions of well-being
risk factor a condition that increases the chance of disease or injury.
infectious disease a disease that can spread from person to person, caused by bacteria or viruses
chronic disease a sickness that develops and continues over a long period of time.
lifestyle choice a conscious behavior that can increase or decrease a person's risk factors.
sex the biological and physiological characteristics that define men and women.
gender the roles, behaviors, activities, and attributes that a given society considers appropriate for men and women.
genome the complete set of genetic material in an individual's cells.
gene the basic unit of heredity.
behavior change a lifestyle management process that involves cultivating healthy behaviors and working to overcome unhealthy ones.
locus of control the figurative "place" a person designates as the source of responsibility for the events in his or her life. external or internal.
stressor the physical or psychological event or condition that produces stress
stress response the physical and emotional changes associated with stress.
stress the general physiological and emotional state that accompanies the stress response.
fight-or-flight reaction a defense reaction that prepares you for conflict or escape by triggering hormonal, cardiovascular, metabolic, and other changes.
homeostasis a state of stability and consistency
personality the sum of behavioral, cognitive, and emotional tendencies.
general adaptation syndrome, GAS a pattern of stress responses consisting of three stages: alarm, resistance, exhaustion
eustress stress resulting from a pleasant stressor
distress stress resulting from an unpleasant stressor.
allostatic load the long-term negative impact of the stress response on the body.
burnout a state of physical, mental, and emotional exhaustion.
insomnia a sleep problem involving the inability to fall or stay asleep.
sleep apnea the interruption of normal breathing during sleep
progressive relaxation relaxation technique that involves the tensing and relaxing of each muscle in your body, group by group.
self-actualization the highest level of growth in Maslow's hierarchy.
self-concept the ideas or feelings that you have about yourself, self-image
self-esteem satisfaction and confidence in yourself.
inner-directed behaviors behaviors guided by an inner set of rules or values
other-directed behaviors behaviors that are guided by what others expect you to do.
indentity crisis internal confusion about who you are.
cognitive distortion a pattern of negative thinking that makes problems seem worse than they actually are.
defense mechanism a mental mechanism for coping with conflict or anxiety
assertiveness expression that is forceful but not hostile.
simple phobia a persistent and excessive fear of a specific object, activity or situation
social phobia an excessive fear of being observed in public, ie: public speaking
panic disorder a syndrome of severe anxiety attacks accompanied by physical symptoms
obsession a recurrent, irrational, unwanted thought or impulse.
compulsion an irrational, repetitive, forced action, usually associated with an obsession.
delusions firmly held false beliefs
Created by: eowyn11