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AP Human Geography

Chapter One part one - Rubenstein

Map a two dimensional, or flat, representation of Earth's surface or a portion of it.
Connections relationships between people and objects.
Demographic Transition a north-south line designated in the Land Ordinanace of 1785 to facilitate the surveying and numbering of townships in the U.S.
Remote Sensing the acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting the planet or other long-distance methods.
Site the physical character of a place.
Longitude The numbering system used to indicate the location of meridians drawn on a globe and measuring distance east and west of the prime meridian (0°).
Cultural Landscape Fashioning of a natural landscape by a cultural group.
Place A specific point on Earth distinguished by a particular character.
Pandemic The system used to transfer locations from Earth's surface to a flat map.
Base lines An east-west line designated under the Land Ordinance of 1785 to facilitate the surveying and numbering of townships in the United States.
Global Positioning System GPS - a system that determines the precise position of something on Earth through a series of satellites, tracking stations, and receivers.
Situation The location of a place relative to other places.
Latitude The numbering system used to indicate the location of parallels drawn on a globe measuring distance north and south of the equator(0°).
Regional Studies An approach to geography that emphasizes the relationships among social and physical phenomena in a particular study area.
Scale Generally, the relationship between the portion of Earth being studied and Earth as a whole, specifically the relationship between the size of an object on a map and the size of the actual feature on Earth's surface.
Township a square normally 6 miles on a side. The Land Ordinance of 1785 divided much of the U.S into a series of townships
Sections a square normally 1 mile on a side. The Land Ordinance of 1785 divided townships in the United States into 36 sections.
Location The Position of anything on Earth's surface.
Meridian An arc drawn on a map between the North and South poles.
Prime Meridian The meridian, designated as 0° longitude, that passes through the Royal Observatory at Greenwich, England.
Formal Region An area in which everyone shares in one or more distinctive characteristics.
Space The physical gap or interval between two objects.
Land Ordinance of 1785 A law that divided much of the Unites States into a system of townships to facilitate the sale of land to settlers.
Geographic Information System GIS - A computer system that stores, organizes, analyzes, and displays geographic information
Toponyms The Name given to a portion of Earth's surface.
Parallel A circle drawn around the globe parallel to the equator and at right angles to the meridians.
Greenwich Mean Time GMT - The time tin that time zone encompassingthe prime meridian, or 0° longitude.
International Date Line An arc that for the most part follows 180° longitude although it deviates in several places to avoid dividing land areas. Eastwards you go back a day, Westwards you go ahead a day.
Functional Region an area organized around a node or focal point.
Cultural Ecology Geographic apporach that emphasizes human-environment relationships.
Globalization Actions or processes that involve the entire World and result in making something worldwide in scope.
Arithmetic Density The total number of people divided by the total land area.
Pattern The geometric or regular arrangement of something in a study area.
Hearth The region from which innovative ideas originate.
Contagious Diffusion The rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population.
Vernacular Region An area that people believe exists as part of their cultural identity.
Possibilism The theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives.
Distribution The arrangement of something across Earth's surface.
Physiological Density The number of people per unit per unit of area of arable land, which is land suitable for agriculture.
Distance Decay The diminishing in importance and eventual disappearance of phenomenon with increasing distance from its origin.
Relocation Diffusion The spread if a feature or trend through bodily movement of people from one place to another.
Stimulus diffusion The spread of an underlying principle, even though a specific characteristic is rejected.
Mental Map An internal representation of a portion of Earth's surface based on what an individual knows about a place, containing personal impressions of what is in a place and where places are located.
Polder Land created by the Dutch by draining water from an area.
Density The frequency which something exists within a given unit of area.
Concentration The spread of something over a given area.
Diffusion The process if spread if a feature or trend from one place to another over time.
Expansion Diffusion The spread of a feature or trend among people from one area to another in a snowballing process.
Uneven Development The increasing gap in economic conditions between core and peripheral regions as a result of the globalization of the economy.
Culture The body of customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits that together constitute a group of people's distinct tradition.
Environmental Determinism A nineteenth- and early twentieth-century approach to the study of geography that argued that the general laws sought by human geographers could be found in the physical sciences.
transnational corporation A company that conducts research, operates factories, and sells products in many countries, not just where its headquarters or shareholders are located.
agricultural density The ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture.
Space-Time Compression The reduction in the time it takes to diffuse something to a distance place, as a result of improved communications and transportation systems.
Hierarchical Diffusion the spread of a feature or trend from one key person or node of authority or power to other persons or places.
Created by: 1617934983
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