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Chapner CH2- terms 1

Regional Terms & Positional & Directional Terms

QuestionAnswer
hypochondriac Right & Left upper regions beneath the ribs. (hypo- below, chondr - cartilage, iac - pertaining to)
epigastric Middle upper region above the stomach. (epi-above, gastr-stomach, ic pertaining to)
lumbar Right and left middle regions near the waist. (lumb - lower back area-side and back between the ribs and the pelvis)
umbilical Central region near the navel.
inguinal Right and left lower regions near the groin. (iliac regions)
hypogastric Middle lower region below the umbilical region.
RUQ Right Upper Quadrant (right lobe of liver, gallbladder, part of the pancreas, parts of the small & large intestines)
LUQ Left Upper Quadrant (left lobe of liver, stomach, spleen, part of the pancreas, parts of the small & large intestine)
RLQ Right Lower Quadrant (parts of the small & large intestines, right ovary, right fallopian tube, appendix, right ureter)
LLQ Left Lower Quadrant (small and large intestines, left ovary, left fallopian tube, left ureter)
Cervical Neck Region (C1-C7)
Thoracic Chest Region (T1-T12)
Lumbar Loin (waist) region (L1-L5)
Sacral Region of the sacrum (S1-S5)
Coccygeal Region of the coccyx (tailbone)
Vertebra Single backbone.
Vertebrae Backbones.
Spinal Column Bone tissue surrounding the spinal cavity.
Spinal Cord Nervous tissue within the spinal cavity.
Disk (disc) Pad of cartilage between vertebrae.
Anterior (Ventral) Front surface of the body.
Deep Away from the surface
Distal Far from the point of attachment to the trunk or far from the beginning of a structure.
Frontal (Coronal) Vertical plane dividing the body or structure into anterior and posterior of the body.
Inferior (Caudal) Below another structure; pertaining to the tail or lower portion of the body.
Lateral Pertaining to the side.
Medial Pertaining to the middle or near the medial plane of the body.
Posterior (Dorsal) Back surface of the body.
Prone Lying on the belly (face down, palms down)
Proximal Near the point of attachment to the trunk or near the beginning of a structure.
Saggital (Lateral) Lengthwise, vertical plane dividing the body or structure into right and left sides. Dividing from right from left.
Superficial On the surface.
Superior (Cephalic) Above another structure; pertaining to the head.
Supine Lying on the back (face up, palms up).
Transverse (Cross-sectional or axial) Horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower portions.
Created by: mahepath