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Ap Hum Geo ch. 1

Absolute Location the position or place of a certain item on the surface of the earth as expressed in degrees, minutes, and seconds of latitude (north or south of the equator) or longitude (east or west of the prime meridian).
Area a term taht refers to a part f the earth's surface with less specifity than region. (ie: urban area, rual area, wheraeas region requires certain specific criteria on which to delimit)
Boundary Limits to movementon the earth's surface; can be formal borders or simply understood as seperating one area from another
Diffusion The spatial spreading or dissemination of a culture element (such as technology, language, ideas, or people) or some other phenomenon (like a disease).
Distribution Where people or things are locatedm in what numbers and areas.
Enviromental Geography The subdivision of geography concered with the relationships and interactions between humans and the enviroment.
Enviromental Perception A site or place is supplemented by the sounds, smells, and total impression that generates a mental map of the location.
Formal Region a homogeneous region, where everything is the same and stands out from surrounding regions (areas); such as a desert (arid, cactus, sand) is a formal region. ALSO CALLED UNIFORM REGION!
Functional Region A region defined by the particular set of activites or interactions that occur within it.
Geographic Information Systems-GIS A collection of computer hardware and software that permits spatial data to be collected, recorded and stored, retrived, manipulated, analyzed, and displayed to the user. Ex. satilites and google map
Hierarchy A vertical order of things/places/people from the most important on the top to the least important on the bottom.
Human-Environmental Interactions also called ecology or enviromental geography; the ways in which humans impact the enviroonment for good or bad.
Human Geography one of the two major fields of geography; it is the spatial analyisis of human population, their cultures, activites, and landscapes. All that man has done in this world
Landscape the overall appearance of an area. usally a combination of natrual and human-induced influences.
Location (ABSOLUTE) location using exact longitude and latitude
location Relative location in relation to other things
Location Theory a logical attempt to explain the locational pattern of an economic activity and th emanner in which its producing areas are interealated
Map a visual reprresentation of earth's features, usally on paper
Mental Map our perception, in our heads, of where something is and how we would go about getting there.
Movement the 5th geographic theme-refers to the mbility of people,goods, and ideas across the surface of the planet.
Pattern Specific aspects of disribution that illustarate/show how things are arranged in the world. EX. how housing styles spread from one area to another, how migration moved into various areas.
Perceptual Region a region that only exists as a conceptualization or an idea and not as a phusically demarcated entity.
Place a specific location; the 4th theme of Geography;all places on the face of the earth have distingusihing human and physical characteristics that make them special/unique.
Regional Science Discipline that emphasis the application of moodern spatial analytical techniques
Regions Formal an area on the earth's surface marked by a high degree of homogeneity such as common government, boundry, currency, ect. Also called, UNFIORM or HOMOGENEOUS REGION
Regions Functual a region defined by the particular set of activites or interactions that occur within it. EX. Cotton Region, Dairy Region
Relative Location location in relationship to something else
Remote Sensing a method of collecting data or information throgh the use of instruments (eg. satellites) that are physically distant from the area or object of study
Spatial Perspective Pertaining to space on the Earth's Surface; sometimes it is used as a synonym for geography. ex. geography, mapping
Created by: jendanco
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