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Med terminology 1st

euthyroid normally functioning thyroid gland
-ectomy surgical removal
appendix appendic
-algia pain and suffering
addiction drawn toward or a strong dependence on a drug or substance
eu- good, normal, well, or easy
abnormal not normal or away from normal
neur/o nurve
-laryng larynx and throat
rhin/o nose
-sclerosis abnormal hardening
-otomy surgical incision
inter between or among
lith stone
ot/o ear
supracostal above or outside the ribs
subcostal below ribs or rib
ab- away from
-nat birth
differential diagnosis attempts to determine which one of several diseases may be producing the symptoms.
diagnosis identification of the disease.
subjective can be evaluated or measured only by the patient
objective can be evaluated or measured by others.
symptom pain or headache, can be observed only by the patient.
sign evidence of disease, such as fever, that can be observed by the patient & others
-oma tumor
end- within
enter/o small intestine
-rrhea abnormal flow of most body fluids
intramuscular within the muscle
-dia through
hem/o blood
-endo within
-scopy visual examination
-myo muscle
-plasty surgical repair
-gram record or picture
-graphy recording a picture or record
-abdomin/o abdomen
-centesis surgical puncture to remove excess fluid
-dynia pain
-megaly enlargement
-stenosis abnormal narrowing
-ostomy surgically create an artificial opening
-osis abnormal condition
-arteri/o artery
intra within or inside
hypotension lower than normal blood pressure
hypertension higher than normal blood pressure
-malacia abnormal softening
-ectomy surgical removal
-ology the study of
dys- bad, difficult, painful
hyper excessive or increased
hypo deficient or decreased
-necrosis tissue death
-rraphy suture or stich
col colon
syndrome a set of the signs and symptoms that occur together as a part of specific disease
poli/o gray
melan/o black
leuk/o white
erythr/o red
cyan/o blue
remission the partial or compolete disapperance of the symptoms of a disease without acheiving a cure
chronic disease or symptom of long duration, such as diseases may be controlled, rarley cured
acute disease or symptom has a rapid onset, a severe course, and relatively short duration
prognosis a forecase or prediction of the probable course and outcome of a disorder
osis abnormal condition or disease
-um noun ending
crani skull
-ac pertaining to
vir virus or posion
pyr fever or fire
-derma skin
py/o pus
pyel/o renal pelvis
geront old age
-ologist specialist
pathy disease
myel/o bone marrow or spinal cord
myc/o funcus
acronym a word formed from the initial letter or letters of the major parts of a compound term
eponym (EP) a disease, structure, operation, or procedure named for the person who discovered it.
chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) a persistent overwhelming fatigue that does not resolve with bedrest.
-rrhexis rupture
cardi heart
tonsil/o tonsils
gastr/o stomach
-itis inflammation
plasty surgical repair
-rrhage and -rrhagia bursting forth
dysfunctional an organ or body part that is not working properly
ad- toward or in the direction of
-post after
peri surrounding
-pre before
sub under, less, below
supra above or excessive
interstitial between, but not within the parts of a tissue
-al pertaining to
Created by: jnickoleb