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BMMS Early Man Ch. 1

BMMS Early Man

Great Rift Valley a valley in East Africa where two continental plates have pulled apart over millions of years
Lucy an almost complete Australopithecus skeleton found in 1974 by Don Johanson
Neanderthal a member of an ancient people who lived in Europe from 35,000 to 130,000 years ago during the ice age. They were the real "cave man"
artifact a human made object
fossil a preserved remain of early life
hominid the group consisting of all modern and extinct Great Apes (that is, modern humans, chimpanzees, gorillas and orang-utans plus all their immediate ancestors).
Paleolithic Age "Old Stone Age" an era lasting from 2.5 million to 8000B.C. hunter-gatherers, pre-history, fire discovered, made stone tools, nomads
Mesolithic Age "Middle Stone Age" an era lasting from 10,000 to 6,000 B.C.
Neolithic Age "New Stone Age" an era lasting from 8,000 to 3,000 B.C. agriculture, domestication, stopped traveling, job specialization, food surplus, more people
primary source something written or created by a person who witnessed a historical event
secondary source an account of a historical event written by someone who did not witness the event
B.C. Before Christ
A.D. anno domini "Year of the Lord"
B.C.E. Before the Common Era
C.E. Common Era
circa often abbreviated c., ca., ca or cca. and sometimes italicized to show it is Latin) literally means "about" or "around".
century a period of 100 years
decade a period of 10 years
millennium a period of 1000 years
Luis & Mary Leakey husband and wife anthropologists who discovered Homo habilis, their discoveries showed human evolution began in Africa
Cro-Magnon The earliest known form of modern humans, Homo sapiens, to be found in Europe, dating from the late Paleolithic. First to create artwork
culture includes a people's beliefs, common language, and shared ways of doing things
Australopithecus means "southern ape" Lucy's kind, lived 3 to 4 million years ago.
Homo habilis "handy human" this hominid was the first to make stone tools
Homo erectus "Upright man" first to walk fully upright, use fire, and leave Africa.
Homo sapiens modern humans 400,000 B.C. to the present
Don Johanson he discovered "Lucy" in 1974
bipedalism the condition of being two-footed or of using two feet for standing and walking.
hominim the group consisting of modern humans, extinct human species and all our immediate ancestors (including members of the genera Homo, and Australopithecus, ).
Raymond Dart Anthropologist, best known for his involvement in the 1924 discovery of the first fossil ever found of Australopithecus
Eugene DuBois Dutch surgeon who discovered the Homo erectus species in 1891.
quadruped animals with four legs
nomad a person who moves from place to place; no permanent home
migration movement of people to a new area or country in order to find work or better living conditions.
Created by: fishburn