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Phlebo Procedures-06

Hwk Packets #6

QuestionAnswer
A phlebotomist can interrupt a physician-patient visit if the collection is ____________________. STAT - A timed specimen
When encountering a patient who is sleeping, the phlebotomist should ____________________ before collecting the specimen. Gently awaken the patient
Specimens that exhibit ____________________ must be collected at specific times. Diurnal Variation
_______________ is frequently monitored on patents taking diuretics. Potassium
A patient has the right to refuse to have his/her blood drawn. What should the phlebotomist do in this case? Report the situation to the nursing station
The best way to prevent fainting in a patient during blood collection is to have the patient _______________ during the phlebotomy. Lie down
_______________ is the time patients are most likely to be in a basal state. 6 A.M.
A specimen collected from a patient who has recently eaten may appear _______________. Lipemic
What should a phlebotomist do when encountering a comatose patient with no ID band? Ask the nurse to band the patient
A phlebotomist with a request for a STAT glucose does not find the patient in the room. What should the phlebotomist do? Check for the patients location with the nursing station
_______________ may develop in a patient who appears pale and has cold, damp skin. Syncope
When a phlebotomist enters a room to draw blood, the patient states the blood was just collected 20 minutes ago. The phlebotomist should check the order with the _______________ before drawing. Nursing station
Prior to collecting blood from _______________ veins, physician approval is required. Leg
The phlebotomist should _______________ when encountering a patient with a fistula. Use the other arm
The surgical fusion of a vein and artery frequently seen in dialysis patients is called a _______________. Fistula
_______________ is the word meaning an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the tissues. Edema
The phlebotomist should _______________ if a suitable vein is not located in the left arm. Check the right arm
Incorrect collection of blood from a patient who has had a mastectomy can result in the patient developing lymphedema, lymphostasis, or ________________. Infection
Fistulas are seen in patients who are _______________. Receiving dialysis
Collection of specimens from _______________ is not recommended in diabetic patients, cardiac patients, or patients with coagulation disorders. Leg veins
When collecting blood from a patient with a very edematous right arm and a large hematoma in the antecubital area of the left arm, the phlebotomist should collect the specimen from _______________. Below the hematoma
An ________________ could result by collecting blood from an area containing a tattoo. Infection
Failure to _______________ may result from attempting to draw blood from a vein that is occluded. Obtain sufficient blood
When collecting blood from a patient with an IV, the phlebotomist should not draw from _______________. Above the IV
A phlebotomist may be required to obtain information from a second wrist band when collecting specimens for _______________. Blood bank
The _______________ and _______________ should be removed immediately if a patient begins to faint during the venipuncture. Tourniquet and Needle
When using a blood pressure cuff as a tourniquet, the cuff is inflated below the _______________ and above the patient's _______________ pressure. Systolic BP/Diastolic
The maximum number of attepmts that a phlebotomist should make to collect a specimen is _______________. Two
A patient's ID band may contain special stickers to be applied to specimens intended for the _______________. Blood bank
If a patient requests a drink of water, the phlebotomist should: Report the request to the nursing station
A patient who presents with petechiae prior to tourniquet application may require _______________. Additional pressure following needle removal
Specimens would not be rejected by the laboratory for clots in a _______________ top tube. Red
A _______________ vein may be caused by using a 20-gauge needle and a 10mL tube on a small vein. Collapsed
While performing a venipuncture, the phlebotomist notices bright red blood spurting into the tube. The phelbotomist should apply pressure for _______________ after withdrawing the needle. 10 minutes
A patient is taking coumadin. This will _______________ the time it takes to stop the bleeding from a venipuncture site. Prolong
To transfer blood from a syringe to an evacuated tube, the phlebotomist should not _______________ while puncturing the rubber stopper. Hold the tube in their hand
The plunger should be pulled back _______________ when using a syringe. Slowly
A _______________ may be caused by allowing blood to leak from a vein into the surrounding tissue during venipuncture. Improper needle removal is a frequent cause of this. Hematoma
Failure to remove the tourniquet before removing the needle may produce a _______________. Hematoma
A tourniquet is placed on the patient's arm, the vein is located, and the needle is inserted into the arm. No blood flows into the tube, but a dark bulge begins to appear at the puncture site. This describes a _______________. Hematoma
Older patients are more prone to hematoma formation because their veins have decreased _______________. Elasticity
_______________ can be caused by using a small-gauge needle with a large evacuated tube. Hemolysis
Increased _______________ values may be caused by forcing blood from a syringe into an evacuated tube. Potassium
Serum or plasma appearing red suggests that _______________ values will be falsely elevated. Potassium
Gentle inversion of tubes containing blood will reduce the possibility of causing the specimen to be _______________. Hemolyzed/Clotted
HEPARIN LOCK A device inserted into a vein for the administering of medication and collecting blood.
PREANALYTICAL VARIABLE Processes that occur before the collection of a sample of blood.
BASAL STATE Metabolic condition after 12 hours of fasting and lack of exercise.
CENTRAL VENOUS ACCESS DEVICE A catheter that is inserted into the superior vena cava; usually to draw blood.
SYNCOPE Fainting
FISTULA A permanent surgical connection between an artery and a vein; used for dialysis.
OCCLUDED Obstructed
Created by: luparl