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Bonewit # 4 (8th Ed)

Vital Signs

QuestionAnswer
Abnormal breath sounds. ADVENTITIOUS SOUNDS
Without fever; the body temperature is normal. AFEBRILE
A thin-walled air sac of the lungs in which the exchange of oxygen (O2) and carbon dioxide (CO2) takes place. ALVEOLUS
The space located at the front of the elbow. ANTECUBITAL SPACE
An agent that reduces fever. ANTIPYRECTIC
The major trunk of the arterial system of the body. (This arises from the upper surface of the left ventricles.) AORTA
The temporary cessation of breathing. APNEA
The armpit. AXILLA
A pulse with an increased volume that feels very strong and full. BOUNDING PULSE
An abnormally slow heart rate, less than 60 beats per minute (bpm). BRADYCARDIA
An abnormal decrease in the respiratory rate of less than 10 respirations per minute. BRADYPNEA
A temperature scale on which the freezing point of water is 0 degrees & the boiling point of water is 100 degrees; also called the centigrade scale. CELSIUS SCALE
The transfer of energy, such as heat, through air currents. CONDUCTION
The transfer of energy, such as heat, through air currents. CONVECTION
A sudden falling of an elevated body temperature to normal. CRISIS
A bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes. CYANOSIS
The phase in the cardiac cycle in which the heart relaxes between contractions. DIASTOLE
The point of lesser pressure on the arterial wall, which is recorded as diastole. DIASTOLIC PRESSURE
Shortness of breath or difficulty in breathing. DYSPNEA
An irregular rhythm; also termed arrhythmia. DYSRHYTHMIA
Normal respirations; rate is 16-20 per minute, the rhythm is even & regular, & the depth is normal. EUPNEA
The act of breathing out. EXHALATION
A temperature scale on which the freezing point of water is 32 degrees and the boiling point of water is 212 degrees.SCALE FAHRENHEIT
Pertaining to fever. FEBRILE
A body temperature that is above normal; synonym for pyrexia. FEVER
The midline fold that connects the under surface of the tongue with the floor of the mouth. FRENULUM LINGUAE
An abnormal increase in the rate & depth of respiration. HYPERPNEA
An extremely high fever. HYPERPYREXIA
High blood pressure. HYPERTENSION
An abnormally fast & deep type of breathing; usually associated with acute anxiety conditions. HYPERVENTILATION
An abnormal decrease in the rate & depth of respiration. HYPOPNEA
Low blood pressure. HYPOTENSION
A body temperature that is below normal. HYPOTHERMIA
A decrease in the oxygen saturation of the blood; may lead to hypoxia. HYPOXEMIA
A reduction in the oxygen supply to the tissues of the body. HYPOXIA
The act of breathing in. INHALATION
Between the ribs. INTERCOSTAL
Sounds heard during the measurement of blood pressure that are used to determine the systolic & diastolic blood pressure readings. KOROTKOFF SOUNDS
A vague sense of body discomfort, weakness & fatigue that often marks the onset of a disease & continues through the course of the illness. MALAISE
An instrument for measuring pressure. MONOMETER
The curved surface on a column of a liquid in a tube. MENISCUS
The condition in which breathing is easier when an individual is in a sitting or standing position. ORTHOPNEA
A computerized device consisting of a probe & monitor; used to measure the oxygen saturation of arterial blood. PULSE OXIMETER
The use of a pulse oximeter to measure the oxygen saturation of arterial blood. PULSE OXIMETRY
The difference between the systolic & diastolic pressures. PULSE PRESSURE
The time interval between heartbeats. PULSE RHYTHM
The strength of the heartbeat. PULSE VOLUME
The transfer of energy, such as heat, in the form of waves. RADIATION
Abbreviation for the percentage of hemoglobin(Hgb) that is saturated with oxygen in arterial blood. SaO2
Abbreviation for the percentage of hemoglobin (Hgb) that is saturated with oxygen in arterial blood as measured by a pulse oximeter. SpO2
An instrument for measuring arterial blood pressure. SPHYGMOMANOMETER
An instrument for amplifying & hearing sounds produced by the body. STETHOSCOPE
The phase in the cardiac cycle in which the ventricles contract, sending blood out of the heart & into the aorta & pulmonary aorta. SYSTOLE
The point of maximum pressure on the arterial walls, which is recorded during systole. SYSTOLIC PRESSURE
An abnormally fast heart rate, more than 100 beats per minute (bpm). TACHYCARDIA
An abnormal increase in the respiratory rate of more than 20 respirations per minute. TACHYPNEA
A pulse with a decreased volume that feels weak & thin. A pulse with a decreased volume that feels weak & thin.
AFEBRILE
Created by: Mrs.Marshall