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med terminology .6

chapter 6

agglutin/o clumping
bas/o base
chrom/o color
coagul/o clotting
eosin/o rosy red
erythr/o red
granul/o granules
fibrin/o fibers
hem/o blood
hemat/o blood
leuk/o white
morph/o shape
neutr/o neutral
phag/o eat
sanguin/o blood
thromb/o clot
-apheresis removal
-cytosis more than normal number of cells
-emia blood condition
-globin protein
-penia abnormal decrease
-phil attracted to
-poiesis formation
-stasis standing still
formed elements eryhtrocytes, leukocytes, platelets
plasma liquid part of blood; has albumin, globulins, fibrinogen, plasma proteins
gamma globulin antibiodies
erythrocytes enucleated, hemaglobin, bilirubin is the waste product
leukocytes pathogen protection
AGRANULOCYTES lymphocyte-immune response, monocyte-phagocytosis
GRANULOCYTES basophil-allergic reaction, eosinphil-parasite, neutrophil-phagocytosis and most numerous
platelets (aka thrombocyte) not whole cells, vital in hemostasis (thromboplastin to prothrombin to thrombin to fibrinogen to fibrin)
blood typing ABO (O is universal donor) (AB universal recipient)
RH factor + can get + or - but - can only get -
dyscrasia general blood diease
hematoma bruise
hemostasis stop blood flow through tissue
packed cells transfusion of only formed elements (no plasma)
whole blood transfusion of all blood components
Blood pathology hemophilia, hyperlipidemia, septicemia, anemia, hemolytic raction, polycythemia vera, thalassemia,leukimia
lymphatic system lymph vessels, lymph nodes, spleen, thymus gland, tonsils
lacteals lymph vessels around the small intestine
axillary nodes drains from arms/shoulder region
cervical drains head and neck area
inguinal drains legs and lower pelvis
mediastinal drains lower chest cavity
adenioid/o adenoids
immun/o protection
lymph/o lymph
lymphaden/o lymph node
lymphangi/o lymph vessel
path/o disease
splen/o spleen
thym/o thymus
tonsill/o tonsils
tox/o poison
-globulin protein
tonsils protect digestive/respiratory systems (palatine tonsils, adenoids, lingual tonsils)
spleen filters out pathogens and dead eryhtrocytes; a person can live without it
thymus gland develops the immune system
passive acquired immunity gotten from another person/animal's antibodies
active acquired immunity direct contact with the pathogen
humoral immunity antibody mediated
cellular immunity cell mediated
b lymphocytes produce antibodies
natural killer cell cytotoxic
nosoomial infection gotten through a hospital
AIDS defect in the cell mediated immunity system; opportunistic infections; attacks T4 lymphocytes
Kaposi's sarcoma form of skin cancer common in AIDS patients
SCDIS need sealed sterile rooms
sarcoidosis causes fibrous lesions
ELISA tests for aids, Western blot used to verify results
Created by: sazzduhnuh