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med terminology .3

chapter 3

subcutaneous layer (hyperdermis) innermost layer in skin; has lipocytes (fat)
epidermis made of stratified squamous epithelium
basal layer deepest layer of the skin
melanocytes produce the black pigment melanin and protect skin from UV rays
keratin hard protein that fills dead skin
corium (dermis) middle layer of skin
collagen fibers form elastic protein that gives skin its' shape
nails cuticle, nail bed, nail body, nail root, free edge, lunula
sebum ductless spreading of sebum protects the skin
sweat glands apocrine glands (pubic/underarms), sweat duct, sweat pore, perspiration, sudoriferous gland (sweat gland)
py/o pus
derm/o within the skin
hidr/o sweat
melan/o black
onych/o nail
rhytid/o- wrinkles
seb/o oily
trich/o hair
ungu/o nails
xer/o dry
scler/o hard
leuk/o white
ichthy/o scaly
erythr/o red
abrasion scraping away of skin by friction
cicatrix scar
comedo hardened sebum in hair follicle
contusion injury caused by blow to body
cyanosis blue tint to skin/mucous membranes caused by deoxygenated blood
depigmentation loss of skin color
diaphoresis profuse sweating
ecchymosis blood collecting under skin causing discloration
erythema reddness
eschar thick layer of dead tissue/fluid
hirsutism excessive hair growth
hyperemia redness due to increased blood flow
hyperpigmentation too much pigment
keloid raised thickened hypertrophic scar
keratosis overgrowth of dermis layer
lesion wound
nevus pigmented skin blemish
pallor paleness of the skin
petechiae purple or red spots from hemorrhages under the skin
photosensitiviy skin reacts abnormall to light
pruritus severe itching
purpura fragile blood vessels that cause bruising
purulent containing pus
strawberry hemangioma dilated blood vessels cause a birthmark that dissapears
suppurative containing pus
urticaria hives
verruca warts
Skin pathology cyst, fissure, laceration, macule, nodule, pauple, pustule, ulcer, vesticle, wheal
Skin problems abscess, acne, albinism, bascal cell carcinoma,cellulitis, deubitus ulcer, gangrene, eczema, gangrene, ichthyosis, impetigo, kaposi's sarcoma, malignant melanoma, pediculosis, rubella, scabies, systemic lupis erythematosus, tinea, vitiligo, varicella
Hair problems alopecia (loss of hair), carbuncle (furuncle involving hair), furuncle (bacterial infection of hair follicle)
Nail problems onychia (infected nail bed), paronychia (infection of skin around nail bed)
Skin diagnostics culture&sensitivity, biopsy, exfoliative cytology, frozen section, fungal scrapings
Skin therapy allograft (from one person to another), autograft (from one person's body), dermatome, dermatoplasty, heterograft (from another species), cryosurgery, chemabrasion, dermabrasion, laser therapy, liposuction, rhytidectomy
cauterization destruction of tissue
curettage removal of superficial skin lesions
debridement removal of firegn material and dead or damaged tissue from a wound
incision and drainage drain materials by making an incision
Created by: sazzduhnuh