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Ch 14 Musc. Skeletal

Musculoskeletal System

blast(o), -blast embryonic form
myel(o) bone marrow or spinal cord
oste(o) bone
cost(o) costae (ribs)
crani(o) cranium (skull)
rach(i), rachi(o), spin(o) vertebral or spinal column (spine)
spondyl(o), vertebr(o) vertebrae (bones of spine)
stern(o) sternum (breastbone)
cervic(o) cervical
thorac(o) thoracic
lumb(o) lumbar
sacr(o) sacral
coccyg(o) coccygeal
clavicul(o) clavicle (collarbone)
scapul(o) scapula (shoulder blade)
ili(o) ilium
ischi(o) ischium
pub(o) pubis
carp(o) carpus (wrist)
humer(o) humerus (upper arm bone)
phalang(o) phalanx (finger)
radi(o) radius(bone of the forearm)
uln(o) ulna (bone of the forearm)
calcane(o) calcaneus (heel bone)
femor(o) femur (thigh bone)
fibul(o) fibula (calf bone
patell(o) patella (kneecap)
phalang(o) phalanx (toe)
tars(o) tarsus (ankle)
tibi(o) tibia (shin bone)
arthr(o), artiucl(o) joint; articulation
burs(o) bursa
chondr(o) cartilage
synov(o), synovi(o) synovial membrane
ten(o), tend(o), tendin(o) tendon
fasci(o) fascia
muscul(o), my(o) muscle
extension to straighten
flexion to bend
abduction to take away (moving limb away from midline of body)
adduction to bring together (moving limb toward midline of body)
rotation movement of bone around its own axis
supination roatation that allows the palm of hand to turn up
pronation rotation that turns the palm of hand backward
circumduction circular movement of a limb at the far end
inversion movement of the sole of the foot inward
eversion movement of the sole of the foot outward
ankyl(o) stiff
scler(o) hard
troph(o) nutrition
-asthenia weakness
-sarcoma malignant tumor from connective tissue
Created by: hulsea