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Intro to Anatomy

Lesson 9 Medical Assisting

QuestionAnswer
The study of how the body is put together and how it works in health and disease Human Biology
The science of the structure of the body--the appearance and relationships of the body parts. Anatomy
The parts of the body that we can see with our eyes. Gross Anatomy/ Macroscopic Anatomy
The parts of the body that are too small to be seen with the naked eye. Microscopic Anatomy/ Cell Anatomy
The study of how the body works. It describes the function of the body and its organs, tissues, and cells. Physiology
The systems of the body that we can see with our eyes. Gross Physiology
Concerns cell-level physiology. Microscopic Physiology
The study of human biology when the anatomy and/or the physiology is abnormal. Pathology
The body is straight up with palms up and thumbs are faced out. Anatomic Position
Divides the body into superior and inferior sections. Transverse/ Horizontal Plane
Above Superior
Below Inferior
Divides body into right and left sections. Sagittal/Longitudinal Plane
Divides the body into equal right and left sections. It's the midline of the body. Midsagittal/Median Plane
Divides the body into unequal right and left sections. Parasagittal Plane
Divides the body into anterior and posterior sections. Coronal/Frontal Plane
Front Anterior
Back Posterior
Towards the top of the head. Cephalad
Towards the soles of the feet. Caudad
Closer to the midsagittal plane or middle. Medial
Farther away from the midsagittal plane or middle. Lateral
In front of Anterior
In back of Posterior
On the belly side Ventral
On the back side Dorsal
Nearer to the center of the body or organ. Proximal
Farther away from the center of the body or organ. Distal
On or closer to the skin or surface of an organ. Superficial
Under or farther away from the skin or surface of an organ. Deep
Within or near the center. Central
At or near the rim or edge. Peripheral
The outer wall of a body cavity. Parietal
The covering of an organ. Visceral
Outside or closer to the skin or surface of an organ. External
Inside or farther away from the skin or surface of an organ. Internal
Situated on or affecting the same side of the body. Ipsilateral
Situated on or affecting the opposite side of the body. Contralateral
Carrying toward a body part or the center of an organ. Afferent
Carrying away from a body part or the center of an organ. Efferent
The study of the surface of the body. Superficial Anatomy
Lying flat on the back. Supine
Forehead Frons
Eye Orbit
Cheek Bucca
Neck Cervix
Collarbone Clavicle
Armpit Axilla
Chest Thorax
Rib and cartilage Costochondral Margin
Trunk Abdomen
Navel, bellybutton Umbilicus
Front pelvic bone Pubis
Thigh Femur
Kneecap Patella
Ankle Talus
Upper arm Brachium
Front of elbow Antecubital Fossa
Forearm Antebrachium
Wrist Carpus
Finger/toe Digit
Side from ribs to hip bone. Flank
Hip bone Iliac crest
Groin Inguen
Shin Tibia
Elbow Cubitus
Back of head Occiput
Neck Cervix
Shoulder blade Scapula
Upper back Dorsum
Lower back Lumbus
Spinal bones located between the buttocks Sacrum
Butttocks Gluteus
Back of knee Popliteal fossa
Calf Sura
Heel Calcaneus
Sole of foot Plantar surface
Frontal Front/o
Orbital Orbit/o
Buccal Bucc/o
Cervical Cervic/o
Clavicular Clavicul/o
Axillary Axill/o
Thoracic Thorac/o
Brachial Brachi/o
Carpal Carp/o
Digital Digit/o
Abdominal Abdomin/o
Umbilical Umbilic/o
Inguinal Inguin/o
Groin Inguen
Pubic Pub/o
Femoral Femor/o
Tibial Tibi/o
Patellar Patell/o
Talar Tal/o
Cubital Cubit/o
Occipital Occipit/o
Scapular Scapul/o
Dorsal Dors/o
Lumbar Lumb/o
Sacral Sacr/o
Gluteal Glute/o
Sural Sur/o
Calcaneal Calcane/o
Ad/ Toward
Af/ Ad/ combined with F
Afferent To carry toward
Anatomy The science of the structure of the body
Antero/ Before
Anterior In front of
Biology The study of living things
Caud/o Cauda, tail
Centr/o Center
Central Relating to a center
Corno/o Corona, crown
Coronal Relating to the corona or crown
Cytology The study of cells
Distal Farther away from the center
Dors/o Dorsum, back
Dorsal Relating to the dorsum or back
/e Noun suffix
Ef/ Ex/combined with F
Efferent To carry away from
Ex/, exo/ Away from, without, outside
External Outer, outside
/ferent Bear, carry
Histology The study of tissue
Ili/o The ilium (hip bone) or iliac region
Incision To cut open
Infer/o Low, below
Inferior Below
Internal Within, inside
Later/o Lateral
Lateral Relating to or toward the side
/ly (adverb) In the style of
Medi/o Media
Medial Toward the middle or relating to the middle
Midsagittal Pertaining to the midline
Morphology The study of the form of body parts
/on Noun suffix
Parasagittal Relating to dividing the body into unequal right and left sections
Pathology The study of human biology when anatomy and/or physiology are abnormal
Peripheral At or near the rim or edge
Pher/o Support, bear
Physiologically Relating to physiology
Physiologic Normal function of the body
Physiology The study of how the body works
Plane Imaginary flat surfaces that pass through the body; transverse, sagittal, coronal
Posterolateral Behind and to one side
Poster/o Posterior
Posterior In back of
Proxim/o Proximal
Proximal Near to the center
Sagittal Relating to dividing the body into right and left sections
Scop/o Examine
Inferior Below
Internal Within, inside
Later/o Lateral
Lateral Relating to or toward the side
/ly (adverb) In the style of
Medi/o Media
Medial Toward the middle or relating to the middle
Midsagittal Pertaining to the midline
Morphology The study of the form of body parts
/ion Noun suffix
Parasagittal Relating to dividing the body into unequal right and left sections
Pathology The study of human biology when anatomy and/or physiology are abnormal
Super/o Above
Superior Above, upward
Superomedial Above the middle
Superolateral Above and to one side
Transverse Relating to dividing the body into superior and inferior sections
Ventr/o Ventral
Ventral Belly side
Abdomen Part of trunk between thorax and pelvis
Antebrachium Forearm, from elbow to wrist
Axilla Armpit
Brachi/o Brachium
Brachium Arm, from shoulder to elbow
Bucc/o Bucca
Bucca Cheek
Calcane/o Calcaneus
Calcaneus Heel
Carp/o Carpus
Carpus Wrist
Cervix Neck
Clavicle Collarbone
Costal Relating to rib
Costochondral Relating to rib and cartilage
Cubit/o Cubitus
Cubitus Elbow
Deltoid Triangular in shape
Digit/o Digit
Digit Finger or toe
Epigastric Relating to the epigastrium, the upper middle region of the abdomen
Femor/o Femur
Femur Thigh
Flank The side of the body from the ribs to the hip bone
Fossa A hollow or depressed area
Frons Forehead
Front/o Frons
Glute/o Gluteus
gluteus Buttock
Hypochondriac Relating to the upper lateral regions of the abdomen (right and left)
Iliac crest Hip bone
Ilium Superior portion of the hip bone
Inguin/o Inguen
Inguen Groin
LLQ Left lower quadrant
Lumb/o Lumbus
Lumbar Relating to the lumbus, the back between thorax and pelvis
LUQ Left upper quadrant
Lymphadenopathy Disease of the lymph nodes
Occipit/o Occiput
Occiput Back of head
Orbit/o Orbit
Orbit Eye
Patell/o Patella
Patella Kneecap
Plantar surface Sole of the foot
Popliteal fossa Back of knee
Pretibial Relating to in front of the tibia; the shin
Prone Lying with face down
Pub/o Pubis
Pubis Pelvic bone margin
RLQ Right lower quadrant
RUQ Right upper quadrant
Sacr/o Sacrum
Sacrum The upper portion of the back between the buttocks
Scapul/o Scapula
Scapula Shoulder blade
Supine Lying with face upward
Tal/o Talus
Talus Ankle
Tars/o Tarsus
Tarsus Broad flat surface; instep of foot or edge of eyelid
Thoracic Relating to the chest
Thorax Chest
Tibi/o Tibia
Tibia Shin bone
Umbilic/o Umbilicus
Umbilicus navel
Front/o Frontal
Orbit/o Orbital
Bucc/o Buccal
Cervic/o Cervical
Clavicul/o Clavicular
Axill/o Axillary
Thorac/o Thoracic
Brachi/o Brachial
Carp/o Carpal
Digit/o Digital
Abdomin/o Abdominal
Umbilic/o Umbilical
Inguin/o Inguinal
Pub/o Pubic
Femor/o Femoral
Tibi/o Tibial
Patell/o Patellar
Tal/o Talar
Cubit/o Cubital
Occitpit/o Occipital
Scapul/o Scapular
Dors/o Dorsal
Lumb/o Lumbar
Glute/o Gluteal
Sur/o Sural
Calcane/o calcaneal
The spaces within the body that contain the various internal organs. Body Cavities
Subdivided into cranial and spinal cavities. Dorsal Body Cavity
the space inside the skull that contains the brain. Cranial Cavity
the cavity formed by the vertebrae, and it contains the spinal cord and the beginning of the spinal nerves. Spinal Canal
the opening of the occipital bone that interconnects the cranial cavity and spinal cord. Foramen Magnum
the hollow space towards the front of the body that contains the organs of the circulatory, respiratory, gastrointestinal and reproductive systems. Ventral Body Cavity
the upper portion of the ventral cavity that contain the major organs of the circulatory and respiratory systems. Thoracic Cavity
a mass of tissue between the lungs extending from the sternum to the vertebral column. Mediastinum
The cavity that encloses the heart. Pericardial Cavity
The cavities containing the lungs. Pleural Cavities
A dome-shaped muscle that separates the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities. Muscular Diaphragm
The hollow space within the trunk that holds the abdominal and pelvic organs. Abdominopelvic Cavity
The upper portion of the abdominopelvic cavity, which contains the gallbladder, liver, spleen, stomach, small intestine, most of the large intestine, kidney, pancreas and the ureters. Abdominal Cavity
The lower portion of the abdominopelvic cavity, which contains the bladder, colon, rectum and the internal reproductive organs. Pelvic Cavity
Are layers of tissues that cover organ surfaces, line body cavities and form tubes. Membranes
Membranous tissue that covers internal surfaces of the body, which include cutaneous membrane, mucous membrane and serous membrane. Epithelial Membranes
The outer layer of the skin. Cutaneous Membrane
The surface, or outer layer of the skin, that dries to a tough, nonliving, keratinized layer of squamous cells that waterproofs the skin. Stratified Squamous Epithelium
resembling scales Squamous
line every tube or cavity that connects to the surface of the body; they often secrete mucus, which prevents body cavities from drying out. Mucous Membranes (mucosa)
line the major body cavities that do not connect to the surface of the body; they occur in pairs. Serous Membranes (serosa)
The inner layer of the serous membrane that lines the organs. Visceral Layer
The layer of serous membrane that lines body cavities. Parietal Layer
which lubricates the organs and reduces friction as they glide across each other and the cavity walls. Serous Fluid (serum)
A serous membrane lining that protects the thoracic cavity. Pleura
The serous membrane lining the pericardial cavity. Parietal Pericardium
The thin, transparent serous membrane covering the heart. Visceral Pericardium
A layer of serous membrane that protect the lungs and line the pleural cavities. Parietal Pleura
The inner layer of serous membrane that covers the lungs. Visceral Pleura
The largest serous membrane of the body which binds the abdominopelvic organs to each other and the cavity wall. Peritoneum
A layer of membrane that lines the abdominopelvic cavity. Parietal Peritoneum
Covers some of the organs in the abdominopelvic cavity. Visceral Peritoneum
Composed of a gel-like material; it usually contains different types of connective tissue elements. Synovial Membrane
Each layer of the meninges, which consist of three layers of membrane that protect the cranial cavity and the spinal cord. Meninx
tissues that line the cranial cavity. Cranial Meninges
Membranes that line the spinal canal. Spinal Meninges
The outer layer of tissues protecting the cranium and spine. Dura Mater
The middle layer of tissues protecting the cranium and spine. Arachnoid
The inner layer of tissues protecting the cranium and spine. Pia Matter
Organs that are located outside of the peritoneum in the abdominal cavity. Retroperitoneal Organs
Surgical puncture into the abdominal cavity to remove fluid. Abdominocentesis
Relating to the abdominal and pelvic cavity. Abdominopelvic
Relating to the skull. Cranial
Skull Cranium
The muscle separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities. Diaphragm
Refers to dura mater, the outer membrane protecting the brain and spinal cord. Dura
Opening Foramen
Large opening. Foramen Magnum
break or bursting through, abnormal flow. Hemorrhage
Condition of underactive thyroid. Hypothyroidism
lungs Pneumon/o
mediastinum Mediastin/o
mass of tissue between the lungs. Mediastinum
meninges Mening/o
The three membranes that protect the brain and spinal cord: -Dura Mater -Pia Mater -Arachnoid Meninges
Organ Organ/o
relating to an organ. Organic
Paries, wall Pariet/o
Relating to the wall of a cavity. Parietal
Lower portion of the abdomen Pelvis
Membrane that encloses the heart. Pericardium
Peritoneum Peritone/o
Serous membrane that lines the abdominopelvic cavity. Peritoneum
fence, wall Phrang/o
Enclosure /phragm
Diaphragm Phren/o
Relating to the diaphragm Phrenic
Pleura Pleur/o
Serous membrane that lines the thoracic cavity. Pleura
Relating to behind the eye. Retro-orbital
Relating to behind the peritoneum. Retroperitoneal
Serous Membrane Serosa
Clear fluid secreted from serous membranes. Serum
Spina Spin/o
Spine Spina
The canal formed by the vertebrae that encloses the spinal cord and meninges. Spinal Canal
Surgical puncture into the chest wall to remove fluid. Thoracocentesis, Thoracentesis
Tone, tension Ton/o
Normal degree of tension or stretch in muscle. Tone
Viscus Viscer/o
Any large organ in a cavity, especially the abdomen. Viscus, Viscera
Covers every body surface, including the outer surface, body cavities and organs. Epithelial Tissue
Connects other types of tissues, helps support the body and has its own blood supply. Connective Tissue
Extends and contracts, allowing movement. Muscle Tissue
transmits electrical impulses and makes up the brain, spinal cord and peripheral nerves. Nervous Tissue
The organ system containing the liver, stomach, intestines and pancreas, all aiding in the function of digestion. Digestive/Gastrointestinal System
Organs with similar functions or physiology are grouped together. Organ Systems
Organs with similar functions or physiology are grouped together. Organ Systems
It lies in the pleura and pleural cavities, and is concerned with the breathing, such as the organs that include the lungs, trachea and the larynx. Respiratory System
The organ system that transports oxygen to allow gas exchange. Circulatory/Cardiovascular System
The thymus forms lymph tissue for the body's use, and lies in the mediastinum. Lymphopoietic Organ
Includes the brain, spinal cord, the nerves that reach each organ in the body, and the mind. Nervous, Neurological or Neuro-psychiatric System
Includes Skeletal muscles, ligaments and tendons. Only voluntary muscles are part of this system. Muscular System
Includes bones, joints, cartilage and spine. Skeletal System
Voluntary muscles and bones. Musculoskeletal System
Includes skin, nails, hair, sweat and sebaceous glands. Integumentary System
In the covering or in the skin. Integument
Largest organ in the body. Skin
The organ system that secretes hormones and consists of the thyroid, pituitary and adrenal glands. Endocrine System
This system begins with the mouth and ends at the anus, and includes the stomach, intestines, liver, pancreas, mouth and esophagus. It's also called the gastrointestinal system. Digestive System
This system filters the blood and produces urine. It includes the kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder and urethra. Urinary System
Includes such organs as the ovaries, uterus, vagina, breasts, testes and penis. Reproductive System
The body's defense system which appears to include portions of the cardiovascular, nervous, and endocrine systems. Immune System
Created by: dancingkem