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Asceticism Monks and nuns practice a lifestyle of rigorous self-denial
Jainism shares many basic doctrines of Hinduism and Buddhism; Ordinary Jains are concerned with leading moral and prosperous lives, and Jains in India tend to be among the country's wealthiest citizens; only about 2% of India's population
Mahivira lived 599-527 BC; contemporary of the Buddah; held fast to extreme asceticism; considered the 24 Tirthankara; achieved kevala
Tirthankara spiritual conqueror of the past who have obtained salvation
Kevala enlightenment, perfect and complete knowledge
ahimsa principle of non-violence
Jain beliefs compassion for all life, human and non-human; human life is valued as a unique, rare opportunity to reach enlightenment; vegetarians; diet ecludes most root vegetables because they believe destroys plants unnecessarily; believe all sould are equal
Ascetics (monks and nuns), most strict about the religion
Laypeople more relaxed about religion
Shvetambaras (white robed), women can attain kevala; once kevala attained, still need food
Digambaras (sky-clad), women must first be reobrn as men; don't need food after kevala
Jainism Worship Annual festivals; pilgrimages to holy places; acts of devotion before small shrines; gazing reverently at gigantic statues of the tirthankaras
Loka what jains understand the universe to be, a space that is finite yet almost indescribably vast
Five Great Vows (Jainism); number 1 do not injure other life forms
Five Great Vows (Jainism); number 2 avoid lying
Five Great Vows (Jainism); number 3 do not take what has not been given
Five Great Vows (Jainism); number 4 Renounce sexuual activity
Five Great Vows (Jainism); number 5 renounce possesion
Sikhism one of the world's youngest reiligions (created in 16th century); began with teachings of nanak and his successors; about 16 million in India, 4 million outside of India; most live in Punjab
Nanak 1469-1539; life changing experience when he disappeared for three days; believed he was escorted to the court of god; began to travel after this (far as Mecca and Baghdad); rejected meaningless rituals; concern for practical things in life; first gurdwara
Gurdwara central structure of worship of a Sikh
Adi Granth Sikhism's sacred text; sits on a special seat in every guardwara; remarkable collection of writings of Nanak, and the gurus who followed him as well as other Sikh, Muslim, and Hindu teachers
Arjan fifth guru; built golden temple; compiled sacred scripture
Gobind Singh regarded as the greatest Guru after Nanak; tenth guru; instituted the Khalsa
The Five K's -uncut hair=kesh-comb= kanga-steel wrist guard= kara-a sword or knife= kirpan-shorts= kachra
three guiding principles of Sikh life worship, work, and charity
worship/ritual/lifestyle of sikhism believe that we should be kind to all living things; animals were put on the earth to provide for us so there is no problem with eating them; god is within all of us and cares about us, however we are more self centered than god-centered
What is Sikhism based on? primarily on Hinduism; also monotheistic
Guru spiritual leader
Panth community for Sikhs in its entirety
Khalsa the pure ones
what does Sikhism ultimately want to achieve? to atttain complete union with God
Created by: rogershistory3
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