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Historic Flashcards

QuestionAnswer
Lord Herbert of Cherbury precursor of Deism, wrote “On Truth” which was the first essay on natural religion, 5 common notions of religion
John Locke 2nd precursor of Deism, influential intellect, “The reasonableness of Christianity” anything in divine revelation that is not consistent with rational human reason is simply unbelievable
John Toland first Deist, “Christianity Not Mysterious” revolutional claims must be intelligible in order to be true
Matthew Tindal 2nd major proponent of Deism, “Christianity as Old as the Creation” came to be the Deists’ “Bible,” impossibility in reconciling the God of revelation (scripture) to the God of natural revelation
Natural Necessity limits our physical free will, you can’t jump off a building and fly
Moral Necessity limited to acting upon our strongest desire, sin
Methodism Holy Club, called Methodists for their methodical and fastidious biblical piety `
John Wesley founder of Methodism, belief in synergism, the two Wesley’s and their college George Whitefield, he was awed by the Moravians trust in God, went to Georgia to serve
George Whitefield international orientation
Jonathan Edwards prince of puritans, hybrid of Calvinism and Pietism, very monergistic, affections. Single most important evangelical in America, A faithful narrative on the surprising work of God
Wesleyan Quadrilateral Scripture, Reason, Tradition, and Experience
Rene Descartes Use of doubt in his reasoning, we wanted to get rid of all preconceived notions and start with one basic foundation. I think therefore I am. Don’t accept anything as truth without evidence, knowledge can only be known on the inside
Immanuel Kant one of the greatest Enlightenment thinkers. What is Enlightenment? Religion within the limits of reason alone “think for yourself” religion= provides moral foundations and education for society. Retained belief in God, immortal existence of souls,
G. W. F. Hegel God is an imminent world spirit (Geist) underlying and evolving together with nature and history. This makes God central to modern philosophy without requiring belief in anything that would conflict with modern science or require blind faith in supernatur
Friedrich Schleiermarcher father of modern liberal theology, On Religion: Addresses in response to its cultured critics, The Christian Faith, Gefuhl- deep, inner awareness. Held experience higher than the bible and the great tradition of the Church
Albrecht Ritschl separation of science from religion; judgments of facts- “the earth is round”, judgments of value- “God is love”
Karl Barth God is wholly other, Scripture isn’t really God’s Word, only when the Spirit enlightens you does the Scripture become the word of God. Argued against revelation in nature. Jesus=God’s Word, his entire theology is Christology
Fundamentalism a response to the radical reforming movement of classic liberal Protestantism in the early 1900’s, maximal conservatism, Sola Scriptura
Charles Hodge methodical, scientific way to approach Scripture, infralapsarianism, truth once and for all delivered
Created by: historic
 

 



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