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Chap - 2


model example of a drug that typifies characteristics of that classification prototype
study of drugs & their origin, nature, properties, & effects of living organisms pharmacology
one of the most widely used reference source for drug administration Physician's Desk Reference (PDR)
name able to be assigned after testing and approval by the FDA a drug manufacturer trade
term that describes how substances such as food/other drugs may alter the effects of a drug interactions
drugs that can be purchased without restriction over-the-counter (OTC)
term that described conditions/diseases for which a drug is meant to be prescribed indications
a drug company is assigned the ___ right to market a drug for a total of 17 years exclusive
common/general name assigned to drug; initial lower case letter, never capitalized generic name
used by pharmaceutical company to identify its product; copyrighted & used exclusively by that company; capitalized 1st letter & often shown on labels/references with the registered symbol after the name trade name
exact molecular formula of the drug; usually very long & of little concern to a health care worker chemical name
name of the drug as it appears in the official reference (USP/NF); generally same as generic name official name
other companies may begin to combine the same chemicals to form that specific generic product for marketing; each company assigns own specific trade name to the product once patent has expired
generally trade name products are more expensive
state legislation encouraging physicians to let pharmacists substitute generic equivalents for brand name drugs on a prescription drug substitution laws
physician may indicate "no substitutions" on a prescription, usually indicated by Dispense As Written (DAW)
ingredients used to hold the preparation together "fillers"
may affect how quickly a drug dissolves or takes effect difference in fillers
many products are a combination of several generic components
may be part of the trade name a number
refers to an amount of one of the generic components & helps to differentiate it from an almost identical product number in a trade name
many drug errors have occurred because the number in the trade name was misinterpreted for the number of tablets
proficient health care workers should check the history & chart for __ __ and pick up any discrepancies with the doctor's prescription(s) known allergies
consult a drug reference when unfamiliar with __ __ of a drug ordered for a patient with known drug allergies generic components
prescription drug determined unsafe for OTC purchase due to possible side effects; includes birth control, antibiotics, cardiac drugs, hormones, etc. legend drugs
legend drugs are indicated in the PDR by the symbol to the __ __ of the trade name far right
drug controlled by prescription requirement because of danger of addiction/abuse controlled substance
description of cellular changes that occur as result of a drug; very technical describing cellular/tissue changes generally more for pharmacist's use actions
list of conditions/types of patients that warrant closer observation for specific side effects from a drug cautions
list of conditions for which the drug should not be given contraindications
list of possible unpleasant/dangerous 2ndary effects, other than desired effect(s); may be extensive possibly 50+ for one drug side effects & adverse reactions
causes damage to 8th cranial nerve, resulting in impaired hearing/ringing in the ears; damage may be reversible/permanent ototoxicity
causes damage to kidneys, resulting in impaired kidney function, decreased output, & renal failure nephrotoxicity
increased reaction to sunlight, with danger of intense sunburn photosensitivity
lists available forms & strengths of a drug "How Supplied"
lists amount of drug considered safe for administration, the route, & frequency of administration "Usual Dosage"
listed under interactions for many drugs; group of drugs used for treatment of depression; can cause serious blood pressure changes & even death when taken with many other drugs & some foods MAO inhibitors
PDR is geared towards the physician
a health care worker should find the most suitable reference, which should be able to be interpreted quickly & easily
may be found in bookstores but may not contain adequate information for the health care worker The Pill Book & Handbook of Nonprescription Drugs
two paperback volumes & six updates on new drugs per year; easy to read, practical guidelines for patient; no photos of drugs; not distributed freely USP/DJ US Pharmacopoeia/Dispensing Information
distributed to practicing physicians; single paperback volume; easy to read; arranged by classifications; no photos of drugs; "Chemical Information" & "Drug Stability" not included AHFS Drug Information (American Health-System Formulary Service)
use only websites that are supervised & controlled
check the source, check date of articles, & be wary of info from forums/ testimonials: motivations are unknown & info not necessarily valid/may be hidden agendas rules for the most reputable Websites
generic & trade name, classification(s), forms available, action, indications, side effects, routes of administration, dosage range & customary dosage, & special instructions for giving medications should be included on drug cards
drug cards constitute an __ __ of becoming more knowledgeable about drugs, classifications, & other pharmaceutical terminology ideal method
when seeking info about drugs online, Websites considered reliable, or a professional course of medical info are those sponsored by government agencies or professional pharmacist groups
categorization of drugs that affect the body in a similar way classification(s)
Created by: lfrancois