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SBGR Skin

SBGR ALH 185 Integumentary (2012 EK)

QuestionAnswer
cutaneous membrane Skin
epidermis Epithelium covering the surface of the skin
dermis The connective tissue layer beneath the epidermis of the skin
hypodermis The layer of loose connective tissue below the dermis
melanin The yellow-brown pigment produced by the melanocytes of the skin
carotene A yellow-orange pigment, found in carrots and in green and orange leafy vegetables, that the body can convert to Vitamin A
cyanosis A bluish coloration of the skin due to the presence of deoxygenated blood in vessels near the body surface
rickets Develops in children who are not exposed to enough sunlight and whose diet does not include vitamin D3
sebaceous glands Glands that secrete sebum; normally associated with hair follicles
apocrine secretion A mode of secretion in which the glandular cell sheds portions of its cytoplasm
merocrine secretion A method of secretion in which the cell ejects materials from secretory vesicles through exocytosis
lunula Pale arched area on fingernail
keloid Raised thickened mass of scar tissue
granulation tissue Combination of blood clot, fibroblasts and an extensive capillary network
basal cell carcinoma The most common form of skin cancer
squamous cell carcinoma Second most common form of skin cancer
dermal papillae Increase the surface area for attachment, firmly binding the epidermis to dermis
dendritic cells cells found in germinal centers of the lymphoid follicules of the spleen and lymph nodes; contain Fc receptors able to trap antigen bound to antibodies
Malignant melanoma Most serious form of skin cancer, melanocytes grow rapidly and metastasize through the lymphatic system
arrector pili Smooth muscles whose contractions force hairs to stand erect
Created by: SBGrandRapids