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SBGR Development 2

SBGR ALH 175 Development 2 (2012 LS)

Karyotype Entire set of chromosomes
Genetics The study of the mechanisms responsible for inheritance
Inheritance The transfer of genetically determined characteristics from generation to generation
Sex chromosomes 23rd pair of chromosomes
Locus A genes position on a chromosome
Alleles The various forms of a given gene
Homozygous Two chromosomes that carry the same allele of a particular gene
Heterozygous Two chromosomes that carry different alleles for the same gene
Trisomy 21 Down syndrome
Klinefelter syndrome Individual carries the sex chromosome pattern XXY
Turner syndrome Have only a single female sex chromosome
Phenotype Physical characteristics that are genetically determined
Genotype The particular gene combination of a specific trait
Autosomes Chromosomes affecting somatic characteristics
Simple inheritance Phenotype determined by a single pair of alleles
Polygenic inheritance Interaction among several genes
Homologous Refers to the two members of a pair of chromosomes
X-linked Inheritance of color blindness
Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) Increased values indicate possible neural tube defect such as spina bifida
Monosomy The presence of only one chromosome (instead of the typical two) from a pair
Created by: SBGrandRapids