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respiratory test

review for the respiratory system test

the purpose of the respiratory system is to bring air and ___ into intimate contact so O2 and CO2 can be exchanged blood
the accumulation of fluid in a cavity or matter that penetrates through vessel walls into adjoining tissue is ___? exudate
the collection of air or gas in the pleural cavitycharacterized by pain in side and painful breathing and can lead to a collapsed lung is ___? pneumothorax
common head cold characterized by acute inflammation of the nasal mucosa is ___? coryza
openings betweent the nasal cavity and the nasopharyx are the ___? posterior nares
body fluid in the pleural cavity is ___? hemothorax
depression where ducts, nerves, or vessels enter or exit an organ is the ___? hilum
the nose consists of 2 ___? nasal cavities
nasal cavities are sepaerated by a vertical partition known as the ___? nasal septum
mucous membranes of the nose are very ___, because they contain many blood vessels which bring warmth and moisture to the surface vascular
the nasal cavities are constructed of bone covered by ___ membranes mucous
nasal cavities lie ___ the roof of the mouth above
respiration is defined as the taking in of O2, it's use in the ___, and the giving off of CO2 tissues
external respiration is also called ___ respiration pulmonary
___ respiration occurs 14-20 times per minute normal
breathing is controlled by the pons and the medulla oblongata, both are located in the ___ brainstem
at the side walls are 3 projections known as nasal conchae or ___. these greatly increase the surface area over which the air must travel before it reaches the lungs turbinates
what warms, moistens, and filters the air of impurities? nose
cavities that are lined w/ciliated mucous membranes that open into the nasal cavity are___? sinuses
these open into the nasopharynx and equalize the air pressure between the external and internal ear eustachian tubes
this communicates indirectly with the lacrimal gland naso-lacrimal duct
the pharynx is a muscular tube-like structure about 5 inches long which extends from the base of the skull to the ___? esophagus
the pharynx lies ___ to the cervical vertebrae anterior
the pharynx is composed of ___ lined with mucous membrane muscle
pharynx serves as a passageway for both the respiratory and the ___tracts digestive
the pharynx plays an important part in phonation, especially in producing what type of sounds? vowel
the pharynx is also called the ___ throat
the pharynx has 3 ___ divisions
which division of the pharynx contains 2 sets of tonsils? oropharynx
which portion of the pharynx lies behind the mouth and between the palate and the hyoid bone? oropharynx
obstruction of the trachea for even a few minutes can cause death by ___ asphyxiation
lower division of the pharynx laryngopharynx
division of the pharynx that lies behind the nose and above the palate nasopharynx
the larynx is also called the organ of ___? voice
the larynx acts as a passageway for ___ between the pharynx and the trachea air
the larynx lies at the upper end of the trachea, just below the ___ pharynx
the ___ is shaped like a trangular box larynx
the larynx consists of 9 pieces of ___ cartilage
the ___lung is slightly heavier, larger, and shorter by 1" right
each brochus enters the lung at the notch or depression on the medial surface called the ___ hilum
lungs are the essential organs of ___ respiration
lungs are cone-shaped and large enough to fill the ___portion of the thoracic cavity pleural
lungs furnish a place where air can come in close enough contact with blood for ___ exchange to occur gaseous
___ pleura is a serous membrane which contains the lungs and lines the thoracic cavity; each side has it's own pleural lining parietal
___ pleura covers the outer surface of each lung visceral
___ space is the potential space formed by the visceral and parietal pleura lying adjacent to each other and contains pleural fluid pleural
the space between the lungs is the ___ mediastinum
the area occupied by the lungs is the ___ pleural cavity
the area occupied by the heart is the ___ pericardium
the domed shaped muscle involved in respiration is the ___ diaphragm
the diaphragm is the primary muscle involved with ___ breathing
the diaphragm has 3 openings; the aorta, the esophagus, and the inferior ___ vena cava
ordiary respiration eupnea
painful, difficult, labored breathing dyspnea
cessation of breathing apnea
increased rate and/or depth of respirations hyperpnea
lack of or absence of O2 anoxia
decreased amount of O2 reaching the body cells hypoxia
increased CO2 and decreased O2 in the body as a result of some interference with respiration asphyxia
alternating cycles of hyperpnea and apnea, often seen in critically ill of unconscious patients Cheyne-Stokes
Created by: bellajerrent429