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Blood Tests 5

Common Serology and Immunology Tests

QuestionAnswer
BACTERIAL STUDIES Antinuclear Antibody (ANA); Antistreptolysin O (ASO) titer; Cold Agglutinins; Febrile Agglutinins; FTA-ABS; Rapid plasma reagin (RPR); Rheumatoid factor (FR)
VIRAL STUDIES Anti-HIV; Cytomegalovirus antibody (CMV); Epstein-Barr virus (EBV); Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)
GENERAL STUDIES C-reactive protein (CRP); Human chlorionic gonadotropin (HCG)
Antinuclear Antibody (ANA) positive results in autoimmune disorders, specifically systemic lupus erythematosus
Antistreptolysin O (ASO) titer to demonstrate infection from streptococcus bacteria (strep throat)
Cold Agglutinins present in cases of atypical pneumonia
Fever Agglutinins presence of antibodies to specific organisms indicates disease condition (i.e. tularemia)
FTA-ABS fluorescent treponemal antibody absorption test, confirmatory test for syphilis (when done on older people, its usually testing for neural syphilis)
Rapid Plasma Reagin (RPR) positive screen indicates syphilis; positives need to be confirmed
Rheumatoid Factor (RF) presence of antibody indicates rheumatiod arthritis
Anti-HIV human immunodeficiency virus is screened
Cytomegalovirus antibody (CMV) confirmation test
Epstein-Barr virus (EPV) presence of this heterophil antibody indicates infectious mononucleosis
Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) demonstrates the presence of hepatitis antigen on the surface of the red cells
C-reactive protein (CRP) increased levels in inflammatory conditions
Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) present in pregnancy (serum & urine); can also be used in determining certain cancers (testicular) in men
Created by: kmaresco