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Pathophys Clinic

Mix & Match Symptoms, Diagonistic Criteria and Treatment

Altered fluid balance, Reduced local blood flow, Hepatocyte damage Cirrhosis
Alteration in fluid and electrolyte balance, Sodium imbalance, Negative fluid balance Dehydration
Rehydration (Oral/Intravenous)Correction of electrolyte imbalance Tx: Dehydration
Paracentesis, Diuresis Tx: Cirrhosis
Excess production and release of ADH SIADH (Syndrome of Inappropriate ADH)
Treatment: Remove causeWater restriction, Isotonic or hypertonic IV fluid replacement, Pharmacologic treatment Tx: SIADH (Syndrome of Inappropriate ADH)
Hyponatremia (serum sodium <135 mEq/L)Hypotonicity (plasma osmolality <280 mOsm/kg)Decreased urine volume, production of highly concentrated urine with a high sodium content Dx Criteria: SIADH
Insufficient ADH results in the inability to concentrate or retain water. May be due to inadequate kidney response to ADH Diabetes Insipidus (DI)
Created by: trellison