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Ch 6 Org of the Body

Organization of the Body

anter(o) anterior
poster(o) posterior
ventr(o) ventral
dors(o) dorsal
medi(o) medial, median
later(o) lateral
super(o) superior
infer(o) inferior
proxim(o) proximal
dist(o), tel(e) distal
caud(o) caudad or caudal
cephal(o) cephalad
anterior nearer to or toward the front
posterior nearer to or toward the back
ventral belly side
dorsal directed toward or situated on the backside
medial, median middle or nearer the middle
lateral farther from the midline of the body or from a structure
superior uppermost or above
inferior lowermost or below
proximal nearer the origin or point of attachment
distal far or distant from the origin or point of attachment
caudad or caudal in an inferior position
cephalad toward the head
abdomin(o) abdomen
acr(o) extremities
axill(o) armpit
cephal(o) head
crani(o) cranium
dactyl(o) finger or toe
encephal(o) brain
herni(o) hernia
omphal(o), umbilic(o) umbilicus
pelv(i) pelvis
peritone(o) peritoneum
pod(o) foot
som(a), somat(o) body
spin(o) spine
thorac(o), steth(o) thorax (chest)
viscer(o) viscera
right upper quadrant right lobe of liver, gallbladder, right kidney, and parts of large and small intestines
left upper quadrant left lobe of liver, stomach, pancreas, left kidney, spleen, and parts of large and small intestines
right lower quadrant right ureter, right ovary and uterine tube, appendix, and parts of large and small intestines
left lower quadrant left ureter, left ovary and uterine tube, and parts of large and small intestines
Created by: hulsea