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Renaissance, Reformation, Scientific Revolution, Exploration, Rise Nation-States

Where did the European Renaissance begin? Italy
What were the start and end years of the European Renaissance? 1300-1600
In Renaissance Italy, what was the name for people who supported the arts? Patrons
Give an example of a famous Italian patron of the arts. Lorenzo de Medici
The Renaissance grew out of new ideas combined with what two cultures? Greeks and Romans
Who was the Italian painter and sculptor who painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel? Michelangelo
What invention contributed to the spread of ideas in the 1440s? The Printing Press
What was the name of the Renaissance artist who painted the Mona Lisa? Leonardo da Vinci
During the Renaissance, where in Italy did most painters reside? Florence
To give pictures the illusion of depth, Renaissance artists began using the principle of ___________________. Perspective
Johannes Gutenberg influenced the Renaissance by inventing the _______________. Printing Press
What was the name of the family who ruled Florence during its golden age? Medici
Who carved the most famous statue of David? Michelangelo
The start of the Renaissance was based largely on the wealth of ___________________. Merchants
What is a fresco? Painting on wet plaster
What was the name of the Pope who commissioned Michelangelo to paint the Sistine Chapel? Pope Julius II
Where did Michelangelo find inspiration for the painting of the Sistine Chapel? Clouds
What was the typical subject of a Middle Ages painting? Religious scenes
What was reformed in the Reformation? Catholic Church
Martin Luther wrote a list of complaints about the Catholic Church, what is this list called? 95 Theses
Where did Martin Luther post his 95 Theses? Door of Wittenberg church
Where was Martin Luther born? Germany
What did Martin Luther do for a living? Monk
During the Middle Ages and Renaissance, some members of the Catholic Church sold "indulgences". What was an indulgence? Piece of paper purchased by an individual, signed by the Pope, forgiving that person of their sins.
According to Martin Luther, people could be saved from their sins by ____________. Faith
According to Martin Luther, the only authority explaining how to live as a Christian was _________. The Bible
What branch of the Christian religion began in Europe as a result of Martin Luther's actions? Protestant
During the Middle Ages and Renaissance believers could be cut off from the church. This was called ___________________. Excommunication
List the five steps of the scientific method. Problem, Hypothesis, Experiment, Results, Conclusion
In the Middle Ages, the center of the universe was believed to be the ____________. Earth
The theory that the sun is the center of the universe is called ____________________. Heliocentric
The belief that the earth is the center of the universe is called _____________________. Geocentric
Saying/believing something contrary to the churches' teachings is called ______________. Heresy
What scientific theory about the world's shape was well known during the Renaissance? The earth is round
What two Spanish rulers financed Columbus' voyage to the New World? Ferdinand and Isabella
On his first voyage, where did Columbus think he was when he landed in the New World? India
What name is given to the Spanish conquerors in the New World? Conquistadors
Columbus "sailed the ocean blue" in ___________. 1492
What was Columbus hoping to accomplish when he set sail in 1492? Find a quicker route to the east
What newly discovered instrument helped sailors chart the position of their ships? Astrolabe
Items such as food, animals and diseases that were exchanged between the Eastern and Western hemispheres as a result of Columbus' voyage are know as the __________ _________. Columbian Exchange
What is the name of the imaginary circle around the middle of the earth, halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole? Equator
What is the name of the longitude that passes through Greenwich, England and is considered 0 degrees? Prime Meridian
What is the name of the imaginary lines that run east and west around the globe? Latitude
What is the name of the imaginary lines that run north and south around the globe? Longitude
The conquistodors sought __________ and ________ and __________________. Gold, glory and gold
When the Spanish arrived, what was the name of the leader of the Aztecs? Montezuma II
When the Spanish arrived, what was the name of the leader of the Incas? Atahualpa
Which American culture was responsible for building the great city of Machu Picchu? Inca
What Spanish Conquistador conquered the Aztecs? Hernando Cortez
What Spanish Conquistador conquered the Incas? Francisco Pizarro
Which Ameican culture is responsible for the calendar that some people say predicts the end of the world in 2012? Maya
Which Ameican culture was responsible for building the great city of Tenochtitlan? Aztec
What famous American culture was found in the Andes Mountains? Inca
What unusual artifacts can be found on Easter Island? Large stone heads
What was the capital of the Inca? Cuzco
What American people are responsible for etching giant figures on the ground that can only be seen from the air? Nasca
The belief that kings were appointed by god himself is known as ________ ________ ____ ________. Divine Right of Kings
Created by: Benson_Deborah