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AP Human Geo Ch 4-7

QuestionAnswer
Custom The frequent repetition of an act, to the extent that it becomes characteristic of the group of people performing the act.
Folk Culture Culture traditionally practiced by a small, homogeneous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups.
Habit A repetitive act performed by a particular individual
Popular Culture Culture found in a large, heterogeneous society that shares certain habits despite differences in other personal characteristics.
Taboo A restriction on behavior imposed by social customs.
material artifacts Visible objects that a group possesses and leaves behind for the future including survival activities (food, shelter, clothing) and leisure activities (arts and recreation).
relocation diffusion The spread of a feature or trend through bodily movement of people from one place to another.
environmental determinism 19th and early 20th century approach to the study of geography that argued that the physical environment caused human activities.
MDC More Developed Country
LDC Less Developed Country
chador Combination head covering and veil worn by many women in Islamic countries.
dowry A "gift" (money, cattle, property, etc) given to a groom's family by the bride's family in traditional cultures.
cultural imperialism People may lose their folk culture because of the influence of material elements of popular culture from MDCs.
hearths Regions from which innovative ideas originate
terroir Describes the effect environmental conditions (soil, climate, water) on a specific food item such as wine.
non-material aspects of folk culture songs, dance, stories, customs, belief systems
British Received Pronunciation (BRP) The dialect of English associated with upper-class Britons living in the London area and now considered standard in the United Kingdom
Creole/creolized landuage A language that results from the mixing of a colonizer's language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated
Dialect A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation
Ebonics Dialect spoken by some African Americans
Extinct Language A language that was once used by people in daily activities but is no longer used
Franglais A term used by the French for English words that have entered the french language
Ideograms The system of writing used in China and other East Asian countries in which each symbol represents an idea or a concept rather than a specific sound, as is the case with letters in English
Isogloss A boundary that separates regions in which different language usages predominate
Isolated language A language that is unrelated to any other languages and therefore not attached to any language family
Language A system of communication through the use of speech, a collection of sounds understood by a group of people to have the same meaning
Language branch A collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several years ago. Differences are not as extensive or as old as with Language families, and archaeological evidence can confirm that the branches derived from the same family
Language family A collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history
Language group A collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary
Lingua franca A language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages
Literary tradition A language that is written as well as spoken
Official language The language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents
Pidgin language A form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of a lingua franca, used for communication among speakers of two different languages
Spanglish Combination of Spanish and English, spoken by Hispanic Americans
Standard language The form of a language used for official government business, education, and mass communications
Vulgar Latin A form of Latin used in daily conversation by ancient Romans, as opposed to the standard dialect, which was used for official documents
Indo-European Family The world's most extensively spoken language family by a wide margin. Nearly 3 billion people speak an Indo-European language as their first language
Linguistic diversity The differences in how a language is spoken
Toponym The name given to a portion of Earth's surface
Trade language An example being a lingua franca; used to connect groups of multiple languages for the purpose of trading
Acculturation the adoption of cultural traits such as language by one group
Endangered languages those languages that are in fear of extinction
Oral Tradition A language that is spoken
Sino-Tibetan Family Second largest language family
Apartheid physical separation of different races into separate geographic areas
Balkanization the process by which a state breaks down through ethnic conflict
Balkanized a geographic area that cannot be organized into one or more stable states
Blockbusting real estate agents convinced white homeowners living near a black are to sell their houses at low prices
Centripetal forces one that tends to unify people behind the state
Centrifugal forces opposite from centripetal force – lead to the breakup of a state
Ethnic cleansing process in which a more powerful ethnic group forcibly removes a less powerful one in order to create their own nation or nation-state
Ethnic neighborhood a neighborhood at an urban level that is clustered with African Americans and Hispanics
Ethnicity identity with a group of people who share a common identity with a specific homeland or hearth
Ethnonationalism a strong feeling of belonging to a nation that is a minority within a state
Genocide the systematic killing of all the people from a national, ethnic, or religious group, or an attempt to do this
Ghettos neighborhoods where Jews were forced to live in medieval Europe
Irredentism Serbs and Croats fought to unite their ethnicity in Bosnia with their respective republics
Multicultural relating to, consisting of, or participating in the cultures of different countries, ethnic groups, or religion. The cities in ethnic neighborhoods are also multicultural
Multi-ethnic state contains more than one dominant ethnicity
Multinational state A state which contains one or more ethnic groups as identified by religion, language, or color
Nationalism the degree of loyalty that one has for a nationality
Nationality identity with a group of people who share legal attachment and personal allegiance to a country
Nation-state a state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular ethnicity
Province an administrative region or division of a country
Race identity with a group of people who share a biological ancestor
Racism belief that racial differences produce an inherent superiority of a particular race
Racist someone who follows the beliefs of racism
Self-determination the desire for self-rule
Sharecropper farming land rented from a landowner and paying rent in the form of crops
Shatterbelt The branch of geopolitics that deals with strategy
Triangular Slave Trade is a historical term indicating trade among three ports or regions
Universalizing religions that attempt to be global and appeal to all people
Ethnic religion that primarily appeals to one group of people living in one place
Branch a large fundamental division within a region
Sect a relatively small group that has broken away from an established denomination
Pilgrimage a sacred religious journey
Pagan followers of polytheistic religions in ancient times
Cosmogony creation story
Solstice day when sun is at highest or lowest point in the sky
Created by: xkpandco