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Rubenstein Chapter 3
Rubenstein Chapter 3- Migration
|Why do people migrate?
|Most people migrate in search of three objectives: economic opportunity, cultural freedom and environmental comfort
|permanent move to a new location
|migration FROM a location
|migration TO a location
|difference between number of immigrants and number of emigrants
|short-term, repetitive or cyclical movements that recur on a regular basis
|induces people to move out of their present location
|induces people to move into a new location
|What are the three major kinds of push and pull factiors?
|Economic, cultural and environmental
|People who have been forced to migrate from their home country and cannot return for fear of persecution because of their race, religion, nationality, membership in a social group or political opinion
|An environmental or cultural feature that hinders migration
|Ravenstein's theories' main points about distance of migration
|1) Most migrants relocate a short distance and remain within the same country 2) long-distance migrants to other countries are male, single and head for major centers of economic activity
|permanent movement from one country to another
|permanent movement within the same country
|movement from one region of a country to another
|movement within one region
|implies the migrant has CHOSEN to move for economic improvement
|means the migrant has been COMPELLED to move by cultural factors
|consists of changes in a society comparable to those in the demographic transition
|What are the global migration patterns?
|At a global scale, Asia, Latin America and Africa have net out-migration while North America, Europe and Oceania have net in-migration. The three largest flows are to Europe and North America from Asia, and to North America from Latin America
|Immigration to the United States
|The US is inhabited overwhelmingly by direct descendants of immigrants. About 65 million people have migrated to the US since 1820
|the migration of people to a specific location because relatives or members of the same nationality previously migrated there
|those who enter a country without proper documents
|maximum limits on the number of people who can immigrate from each country during a one-year period
|a large-scale emigration by talented people
|citizens of poor countries who obtain jobs in Western Europe and the Middle East
|Why do migrants face obstacles?
|Migrants have difficulty getting permission to enter other countries and they face hostility from local citizens once they arrive. Immigration law restrict the number who can legally enter the US.
|Why do people migrate within a country?
|Differences among locations in economic and environmental conditions. In LDCs, people migrant from rural to urban areas while in MDCs, from urban to rural areas due to counterurbanization
|Net migration from urban to rural areas in more developed countries
|The ability to move from one location to another
|Geographer Wilbur Zelinsky
|Predicted migration characteristics vary with the demographic transition
|The most important pull factor for migrants to North America today
|some Middle Eastern countries
|The highest rates of immigration are to ______________________________
|Has the greatest total number of foreign-born residents