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Rubenstein Chapter 3

Rubenstein Chapter 3- Migration

Why do people migrate? Most people migrate in search of three objectives: economic opportunity, cultural freedom and environmental comfort
Migration permanent move to a new location
Emigration migration FROM a location
Immigration migration TO a location
Net Migration difference between number of immigrants and number of emigrants
Circulation short-term, repetitive or cyclical movements that recur on a regular basis
Push Factor induces people to move out of their present location
Pull Factor induces people to move into a new location
What are the three major kinds of push and pull factiors? Economic, cultural and environmental
Refugees People who have been forced to migrate from their home country and cannot return for fear of persecution because of their race, religion, nationality, membership in a social group or political opinion
Intervening obstacles An environmental or cultural feature that hinders migration
Ravenstein's theories' main points about distance of migration 1) Most migrants relocate a short distance and remain within the same country 2) long-distance migrants to other countries are male, single and head for major centers of economic activity
International migration permanent movement from one country to another
Internal migration permanent movement within the same country
Interregional migration movement from one region of a country to another
Intraregional migration movement within one region
Voluntary migration implies the migrant has CHOSEN to move for economic improvement
Forced Migration means the migrant has been COMPELLED to move by cultural factors
Migration Transition consists of changes in a society comparable to those in the demographic transition
What are the global migration patterns? At a global scale, Asia, Latin America and Africa have net out-migration while North America, Europe and Oceania have net in-migration. The three largest flows are to Europe and North America from Asia, and to North America from Latin America
Immigration to the United States The US is inhabited overwhelmingly by direct descendants of immigrants. About 65 million people have migrated to the US since 1820
Chain Migration the migration of people to a specific location because relatives or members of the same nationality previously migrated there
Undocumented Immigrants those who enter a country without proper documents
Quotas maximum limits on the number of people who can immigrate from each country during a one-year period
Brain Drain a large-scale emigration by talented people
Guest Workers citizens of poor countries who obtain jobs in Western Europe and the Middle East
Why do migrants face obstacles? Migrants have difficulty getting permission to enter other countries and they face hostility from local citizens once they arrive. Immigration law restrict the number who can legally enter the US.
Why do people migrate within a country? Differences among locations in economic and environmental conditions. In LDCs, people migrant from rural to urban areas while in MDCs, from urban to rural areas due to counterurbanization
Counterurbanization Net migration from urban to rural areas in more developed countries
Mobility The ability to move from one location to another
Geographer Wilbur Zelinsky Predicted migration characteristics vary with the demographic transition
economic The most important pull factor for migrants to North America today
some Middle Eastern countries The highest rates of immigration are to ______________________________
United States Has the greatest total number of foreign-born residents
Created by: Kategoriec92
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