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World War I Vocab

nationalism pride in one's nation
militarism the policy of building up strong armed forces to prepare for war
terrorist a person who uses threats and violence to promote a cause
kaiser German emperor
Central Powers military alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman empire during World War I
Allied Powers military alliance of France, Britain, Russia, Italy, and 20 other nations during World War I
stalemate deadlock in which neither side is strong enough to defeat the other
Battle of Verdun prolonged World War I battle in which more than 1 million died or were wounded
propaganda spreading of ideas to help a cause or hurt an opposing cause
U-boat German submarine used in World War I and World War II
Lusitania a British passenger ship that was torpedoed by a German U-boat in 1915; 1,200 people died, including 128 Americans
warmonger person who tries to stir up war
Zimmermann telegram a 1917 telegram sent from Germany's foreign secretary to the German minister in Mexico instructing the minister to urge Mexico to attack the United States if the United States declared war on Germany
czar Russian emperor
Selective Service Act law passed by Congress in 1917 that required all men from ages 21 to 30 to register for the military draft
draft law that requires people of a certain age to enlist in the military
illiterate unable to read or write
bureaucracy system of managing government through departments run by appointed officals
Liberty Bonds bonds sold by the United States government to raise money for World War I
pacifist person who objects to any war; believes war is evil
Socialist person who supports community ownership of property and the sharing of all profits
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk a 1918 treaty between Russia and Germany that ended Russia's involvement in World War I
Battle of Belleau Wood hard-fought American victory over the Germans in France in 1918
Battle of the Argonne Forest defeat of the Germans by French and American troops in France in October 1918
armistice an agreement to stop fighting
abdicate give up power
epidemic rapid spread of a contagious disease
Fourteen Points President Wilson's goals for peace after World War I
self-determination right of national groups to have their own territory and forms of government
League of Nations association of nations formed after World War I under Wilson's Fourteen Points plan
Big Four leaders of Britian, France, the United States, and Italy after World War I
reparations cash payments made by a defeated nation to a victorious nation to pay for losses suffered during a war
Treaty of Versailles treaty signed on June 28, 1919, by Germany and the Allies; formally placed the responibility for the war on Germany and its allies
isolationist after World War I, American who wanted the United States to stay out of world affairs