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APHG CH 9 & 11 VOCAB
Wahowski Cy Lakes
|Process of improving the material conditions of people through diffusion of knowledge and technology
|Gross Domestic Product
|Value of the total output of goods and ervices produced in a country during a year
|Less Developed Country
|A country in early stages of development
|The percentages of a country's people who can read and write
|More Developed Country
|A country that has progressed more along the development continuum
|Type of service where people directly extract materials from Earth through agriculture and sometimes by mining, fishing and forestry.
|The value of a particular product compared to the amount of labor needed to make it.
|Type of service where manufacturers process, transform, and assemble raw materials into useful products.
|Structural Adjustment Program
|Economic policies that create conditions encouraging international trade such as raising taxes, reducing government spending, controlling inflation, selling publicly owned utilities to private corporations and charging citizens more for services.
|Type of service that involves the provision of goods and services to the people in exchange for payment.
|The gross value of the poroduct minus the costs of raw materials and energy.
|Break of Bulk Point
|A location where transfer is possible from one mode of transportation to another
|Bulk Gaining Industry
|An industry in which the final product weighs more or comprises a greater volume than the inputs
|Bulk Reducing Industry
|An industry in which the final product weighs less or comprises a lower volume than the inputs
|Manufacturing based in homes rather than in a factory, commonly found before the Industrial Revolution
|Form of mass production in which each worker is assigned one specific task to perform repeatedly
|A series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods
|An industry for which labor costs comprise a high percentage of total expenses
|Factories built by US companies in Mexico near the US border to take advantage of much lower labor costs in Mexico
|New International Division of Labor
|Process that keeps global inequalities in place
|Adoption by companies of flexible work rules such as the allocation of workers to teams theat perform a variety of tasks
|A US state that ahs passed a law preventing a union and company from negotiating a contract that requires workers to join a union as a condition of employment
|Location factors related to the costs of factors of production inside the plant such as land, labor, and capital
|Location factors related to the transportation of materials into and from a factory
|A fabric made by weaving used in making clothing
|A group of neighboring countries that promote trade with each other and erect barriers to limit trade with other blocs
|Type of pollution that forms when sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides are released into the atmosphere by buring fossil fuels
|When several industries cluster in one city they an provide support by sharing talents, services, and facilities
|Capitalist World Economy
|Global economic system that is based in high-income nations that have market economies
|Rapid economic and political change that transformed the coutnry into a stable nation with democratizing political institutions, a growing economy, and an expanding web of nongovernmental institutions
|Exodus of businesses from a crowded area
|When empoloyment in manufacturing as a share of total empolyment has fallen dramatically in the more developed countries
|Analysis that puts primary responsibility for global poverty on rich nations.
|As distance increases, business activity decreases until it becomes impractical to do business
|The process of improving the material conditions of people through diffusion of knowledge and technology
|Discipline that studies the impoact of economic activities on the landscape and investigates the reasons behind the location of economic activity.
|Export Oriented Industralization
|Four Asian Tigers directly integrated their economies into the global economy by concentratiing on economic production that can find a place in international markets
|Residues of plants and animals that were buried milliions of years ago, they are considered non renewable ressources.
|The increase in Earth's temperature caused primarily by the buring of fossil fuels
|Friction of Distance
|When the the disticse is too great for practical transportation of goods and the cost is too high with increased distance
|An anticipated warming of Earth's surface that could melt the polar icecaps and raise the level of the oceans enough to destroy coastal cities
|Support services for industiral development
|Japan's dominant region of industrialization which includes Japan and other cities nearby.
|Explains the locational pattern of economic activities by identifying factors that influence this pattern
|The influence on a firm's locational decisions by locations chosen by its competitors.
|Campaign for modernization and colonization
|North American Free Trade Agreement signed in 1995 by Mexico, US, and Canada that eliminated barriers to free trade among the three countries.
|Newly Industrializing Country
|Countries especially in Latin America and Asia have experienced economic growth to where they appear to be in the between stages of MDCs and LDCs
|Northeast District (China)
|The industrial heartland in Manchuria which has the region's coal and iron deposits
|Industrial and military laders that came to political power
|Countries where most people are no longer employed in industry
|The energy depositis that have been discovered but not extracted
|Undiscovered energy deposits
|Modernization Theory: Traditional Stage, Take-off Stage, Drive to technological maturity, High mass consumption.
|Secondary Industrial Region
|Regions that have developed later and their industrial centers are not as large but their economies are growing
|Single Market Manufacturers
|Single manufacturers that produce one type of good that are located closer to the market to keep costs down
|Indicators of development like the literacy rate, formal education, and good health care
|Space Time Compression
|The reduction in the time it takes to diffuse somethign to a distant place as a result of improved communications and transportation systems.
|Special Economic Zones
|Government designated areas where foreign investment is allowed and capitalistic ventures are encouraged
|Where business owners can juggle expenses as long as labor, land rents, transportation, and other costs don't all go up at one time
|When people living today should not impair the ability of future generations to meet their needs.
|Companies that operate factories in countries other than the ones in which they are headquatered
|Variable Revenue Analysis
|The firm's ability to caputre a market that will earn it more customers and money than its competitors.