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Stack #39586

QuestionAnswer
Structure that suspends the small intestine from the posterior body wall messentery
Figerlike extensions of the intestinal mucosa that increase the surface area villi
Collections of lymphatic tissue found in the submucosa of the small intestine peyer's patches
Folds of the small intestine plica circularis
Organ that mixes food in the mouth tongue
Common passage for air and food pharynx
Three extensions/modifications of the peritoneum greater &lesser ommentum,messentery
Literally a food chute; has no digestive or absorptive role esophagus
Folds of the stomach mucosa rugae
Projections of the plasma membrane of a cell that increase the cell's surface area microvilli
Prevents food from moving back into the small intestine once it has entered the large ILEOCECAL VALVE
Organ responsible for most food absorption small intestine
Organ primarily involved in water absorption and feces formation large intestine
Area between the teeth and lips/cheeks oral cavity
Blind sac hanging from the initial part of the colon appendix
Organ in which protein digestion begins stomach
Membrane attached to the lesser curvature of the stomach lesser ommentum
Organ into which the stomach empties small intestine
Sphincter, controlling the movement of food from the stomach into the duodenum pyloric sphincter
Uvula hangs from its posterior edge soft palate
Organ that receives pancreatic juice and bile small intestine
serosa of the abdominal cavity wall parietal peritoneum
Region contracting two sphincters, through which feces are expelled from the body anal canal
Anterosuperior boundary of the oral cavity; supported by bone hard palate
Site of storage of Bile gallbaldder
Produce an enzyme-poor "juice" cointaining mucus; found in teh serosa of small intestine pancreas
Secretion includes amylase, begins starch digestion in the mouth salivary glands
Ducts a variety of enzymes in an alkaline fluid into the deudenum intestinal glands
Produces bile, which is transported to the duodenum via the bile duct liver
Produce Hydrochloric acid and Pepsinogen gastric glands
4 layers of the GI tract mucosa, submucosa, muscularis externa, serosa
organs in alimentary canal mouth, esophagus, stomach, large & small intestine
accesory organs salivary glands, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, teeth and tongue
teeth components enamel, dentin, pulp cavity
Inflammation of the abdominal serosa peritonitis
Condition resulting from the reflux of acidic gastric juice into the esophagus heartburn
Usually indicates liver problems or blockage of the bile ducts gallstones
An erosion of the stomach or duodenal mucosa ulcer
Passage of watery stools diarrhea
Causes severe epigastric pain; associated with prolongated storage of bile in the gallbladder appendicitis
Inability to pass feces; often a result of poor bowel habits constipation
proteins are turned into amino acids by peptide bonds
lesser ommentum attaches stomach to liver
greater ommentum covers samll intestines like an apron
salivary amilase begins starch digestion
lingual lipase digest fat after reaches stomach
lysozyme enzyme that kills bacteria
Ig A antibody that inhibits bacterial growth
intrinsic factor essential for absoption of B12 by small intestine
pylorus opening to deudenum
4 lobes of the liver right,left,quadrate,caudate
gallbaldder stores and concentrates bile salts
types of digestion mechanical & chemical
bile yellow-green fluid containing minerals, bile acids, cholesterol, bile pigments and phospolipids. It emulsifies fats & aids in their digestion
gastrin from stomach & deudenum weakly stimulates gallbaldder contraction &pancreatic enzyme secretion
component of small intestine deudenum,jeujenum,illeum
components of large intestine cecum(appendix attached), ascending, transverse and descending and sigmoid colon
3 structures of the small intestine that are adapted for absoption viili,microvilli,plica circularis
Created by: chelyta