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Patho Word Quiz 2

from words DNA to Cystoscopy

The nucleic acid that contains all of an individual's genes. Found in the nucleus. DNA
A region on DNA that contains the "code" for making one protein. Genes
Different forms of a gene Alleles
An allele that is always expressed. Dominant
An allele that will be expressed only when the person is homozygous. It is hidden or partially hidden in the presence of a dominate allele Recessive
A two letter code that describes which alleles a person has (AA, Aa, aa) Genotype
Having the same two alleles for a gene. Homozygous
Having different alleles for a gene Heterozygous
The allele that we can see evidence of. Expressed
Describes what characteristics are produced as a result of having a certain genotype Phenotype
The combination of DNA and proteins found in a cell that is going thru mitosis. Chromosomes
Chromosome pairs 1-22 Autosomes
The 23rd pair of chromosomes in humans Sex Chromosomes
Describes the microscopic appearance of chromosomes Karyotype
Having the normal 23 pairs of chromosomes Diploid
Having and abnormal number of chromosomes Aneuploid
Missing a chromosome. Monosomy
Having an extra copy of a chromosome Trisomy
The percentage of blood volume occupied by RBC Hematocrit
The average size of a RBC Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV)
A group of diseases that decreases the ability of blood to carry oxygen Anemias
A group of diseases taht results in a dramatic increase in the number of leukoblasts Leukemias
Having an abnormal high number of erythrocytes Polycythemia
A decrease in the number of all normal blood cells Pancytopenia
A decrease in the number of RBC Erythrocytopenia
A decrease in the number of WBC Leukopenia
Thrombocytopenia Having a low number of platelets
A genetic decrease in the activity of one of the clotting factors Hemophilia
A group of genetic anemias resulting in a decrease in the synthesis of goblin chains Thallasemias
Any factor from within the body Intrinsic Factor (general Def)
A protein secreted by gastric glands that is needed for the absorbtion of vitamin B-12 Intrinsic Factor (for pernicious anemia)
Any factor coming from outside the body Extrinsic Factor (general Definition)
Vitamin B-12 (cyanocobalamine) Extrinsic Factor (for pernicious anemia)
Any diagnostic procedure that listens to body sounds Auscultation
An ultrasound of the heart Echocardiography
An electrocardiogram performed while the heart rate is elevated Stress Test
A contrast x-ray showing circulation Angiography
Protiens released from damaged cardiac tissue in the blood; used as a diagnosic indicator of myocardial infarction Cardiac Markers
Having a normal heart rhythm established by the sinoatrial node Normal Sinus Rhythm
Having a resting heart rate less than 60 beats per minute Bradycardia
Having a resting heart rate of greater than 100 beats per minute Tachycardia
The inability of a valve to either open or close properly Valvular incompetence
The inability of a valve to open completely Valvular Stenosis
When one of the AV valves swings up into the atrium when it should be closed. Vavlular Prolapse
The build up of fatty deposits (plaque) within blood vessels Artherosclerosis
Hardening of Arteries Arteriosclerosis
Narrowing of the arteries Arteriostenosis
A local decrease in blood flow due to obstruction Ischemia
Chest pains as a result of myocardial ischemia Angina Pectoris
Ischemic necrosis of heart muscle. AKA Heart Attack Myocardial Infarctions
A temporary disease in cerebral function as a result of ischemia. TIA
Ischemic necrosis of cerebrum. AKA stroke Cerebral Infarction
Chronic high blood pressure that is a complication of another condition Secondary Hypertension
Chronic High blood pressure of unknown origin Primary (Essential) Hypertension
Localized dilation of artery or chamber of the heart as a result of a weakness in the wall Aneurysm
Coughing up blood from lungs Hemoptysis
A lack of oxygen Hypoxia
An excess of carbon dioxide Hypercapnea
A decrease in the pH of body fluids as a result of buildup of carbon dioxide Respiratory Acidosis
A partial or complete collapse of lung tissue Atelectasis
The presence of air between the visceral pleura and the parietal pleura Pneumothorax
A group of over-inflated alveoli Bullae
A lesion thru the skin or a mucous membrane Ulcer
A lesion caused by pepsin Peptic Ulcer
A lesion in the mucosal lining of the duodenum Duodenal ulcer
A lesion in the mucosal lining of the stomach Gastric Ulcer
A lesion in the lining of the esophagus Esophageal Ulcer
A pouch or sac that developes off of a tubular structure such as the intestine Diverticulum
Inflammation of a pouch or sac opening off of a tubular structure Diverticulitis
The presence of diverticula within the intestine Diverticulosis
The presence of stones within the gall bladder of biliary ducts. Cholelithiasis
A disease of nervous tissue Neuropathy
A disease of muscle tissue Myopathy
A contrast x-ray showing teh structures that carry urine Intravenous Pyelogram
A blood test used as and indicator of kidney function. BUN
A measure of kidney function that compares the quantity fo creatine excreted in the urine over a 24 hour period to the concentration of creatine in the blood Creatinine Clearance
Using an endoscope to examine the urinary bladder Cystoscopy
Created by: vheiple