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Vocab- World War II

World War II Vocab

totalitarian state a single party controls the government and every aspect of the people's lives
fascism political system that is rooted in militarism, extreme nationalism, and blind loyalty to the state
aggression a warlike act by one country against another without just cause
Nazi a member of the National Socialist German Workers' Party
scapegoat a person or group on whom to blame problems
concentration camps prison camps for civilians who are considered enemies of the state
Neutrality Acts series of laws passed by Congress in 1935 that banned arms sales or loans to countries at war
Good Neighbor Policy President Franklin Roosevelt's policy intended to strengthen friendly relations with Latin America
Munich Conference a 1938 meeting of the leaders of Britain, France, Italy, and Germany at which an agreement was signed giving part of Czechoslovakia to Hitler
appeasement practice of giving in to aggression in order to avoid war
Nazi-Soviet Pact agreement signed between Hitler and Stalin in 1939 in which the two dictators agreed not to attack each other
blitzkrieg the swift attacks lauched by Germany in World War II
Axis World War II military alliance of Germany, Italy, Japan, and six other countries
Allies World War II military alliance of Britain, France, the Soviet Union, the United States, China, and 45 other countries
Battle of Britain Germany's failed attempt to subdue Britain in 1940 in preparation for invasion
Lend-Lease Act during World War II, the law that allowed the United States to sell arms and equipment to Britain
Atlantic Charter a 1941 program developed by the United States and Britain that set goals for the postwar world
War Production Board government agency created during World War II to help factories shift from making consumer goods to making war materials
rationing limitations on the amount of certain goods that people can buy
victory garden during World War II, vegetable garden planted to combat food shortages in the United States
Rosie the Riveter fictional factory worker who became a symbol of American women's comtribution to the war effort during World War II
"Double V" campaign African American civil rights campaign during World War II
Tuskegee Airmen African American fighter pilots who trained in Tuskegee, Alabama, during World War II
compensation repayment for losses
bracero program recruitment of Mexican laborers to work in the United States during World War II
Battle of Midway a 1942 battle in the Pacific during which American planes sank four Japanese aircraft carriers
Operation Overlord code name for the Allied invasion of Europe in 1944
D-Day day of the invasion of Western Europe by Allied forces
Battle of the Bulge German counterattack in December 1944 that temporarily slowed the Allied invasion of Germany
island hopping during World War II, Allied strategy of capturig Japanese-held islands to gain control of the Pacific Ocean
Navajo code-talkers during World War II, Navajo soldiers who used their own language to radio vital messages during the island-hopping campaign
kamikaze World War II Japanese pilot trained to make a suicidal crash attack, usually upon a ship
Potsdam Declaration message sent by the Allies in July 1945 calling for Japanese surrender
Bataan Death March long trek across the Philippines that American and filipino prisoners of war were forced to make by the Japanese in 1942
Holocaust slaughter of Europe's Jews by the Nazis before and during World War II
Nuremburg Trails Nazi war crimes trails held in 1945 and 1946