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human geography is..

barrons ap 1

Termdefinition
Anthropegenic Human induced changes on the natural environment
Cartography Theory and practice of making visual representations of the earths surface( mapmaking)
Cultural ecology The study of the interactions between societies and the natural environments they live in
cultural landscape The human-modified natural landscape specifically containing the imprint of a particular culture or society
Earth system sience Systematic approach to physical geography that looks at the interaction between the earths physical systems and the procceses on a global scale
Environmental Geography The intersection between human and physical geography, which explores the spatial impacts humans have on the physical environment and vice versa
Eratsthenes The head librarian at Alexandria during the third century B.C.; he was one of the first cartographers. Performed a remarkably accurate computation of the earths cicumfrence. Also credited with coining the term "geography."
Fertile crescent Name given to crescent -shaped are of fertile land stretching from the lower nile valley, along the east mediterranean coast, and into Syria and present day Iraq where agriculture and early civilization first began about 8000B.C.
Geographical Information Systems(GIS) A set of computer tools used to capture, store, transform, analyze, and display geographic data
Global Positioning System (GPS) Aset of sattelites used to help determione location anywhere on the earths surface with a portable electronic device
Idiographic pertaining to the unique facts or characteristics of a particular place
George Perkins Marsh Inventor , diplomat, politician, and scholar. Provided the first description of the extent to which natural systems had been impacted by human actions.
Natural landscape the physical landscape or environment that has not been affected by human activities
Nomethetic concepts or rules that can be applied universally
W.D. Pattison He claimed that geography drew from four distinct traditions: the earth science tradition, the culture-environment tradition, the locational tradition, and the area analysis tradition.
Physical geography the realm of geography that studies the structures, processes, distributions, and change through time of the natural pheno,ena of the earths surface
Ptolemy Roman geographer-astronomer and author of guide to geography which included maps containing a grid system of lattitude and longitude
Qualitative data Data associated with a more humanistic approach to geography, often collected through intervewis, empirical observations, or the interpretation of texts, artwork, old maps, and other archives
Quantitative data Data associated with mathematical models and statistical techniques
Region Aterritory that encompasses many places that share similar attributes in comparison of the attributes of places elsewhere
Regional geography the study of geographic regions
Remote sensing Observation and mathematical measurement of the earths surface using aircraft and satellites. the sensors include both photographic images, thermal images, multispectral scanners, and radar images
Carl Sauer Geographer from the university of california at berkeley who defined the concept of cultural landscape as the fundamental unit of geographical analysis.This landscape results from interaction between humans and the physical environment.
Sense of Place Feelings evoked by people as a reslut of certain experiences and memories associated with a particular place
Spatial perspective An intellectual framework that looks at the particular locations of specific phenomena, how and why that phenomena is where it is, and finaly how it is spatialy related to phenomena in other places
Sustainability The concept of using the earths resources in such a way that they provide for peoples needs in the present without diminishing the earths ability to provide for future generations
Systematic geography the study of the earths integrated systemes as a whole instead of focusing on a sepcific phenomena in a specific place
Thematic layers individual maps of specific features that are overlaid on one another in a gis to understand and analyze a spatial relationship
Created by: Albinder
 

 



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