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Ch 22

Chabner The Language of Medicine 8th ed

Disorders involving paraphilias are sexual disorders
Mental symptoms(loss of memory and identity) that hide unconscious conflicts are dissociative disorders
Troubled feelings, unpleasant tensions, distress, and avoidance behavior are hallmarks of anxiety disorders
Illnesses related to regular use of drugs and alcohol are substance-related disorders
Bulimia nervosa is an example of an eating disorder
Illnesses marked by prolonged emotions (mania or depression)are mood disorders
Mental disorders in which physical symptoms cannot be explained by a known physical problem are somatoform disorders
A lifelong personality pattern that is inflexible and causes impairment of social functioning is a personality disorder
Loss of intellectual abilities with impairment of memory, judgement, and reasoning are know as a dementia
Confusion in thinking with faulty perceptions and irrational behavior is a delirium
Fear of strangers is xenophobia
Obsessive preoccupation with stealing is kleptomania
Antidepressant agents that work by blocking the action of a specific enzyme are MAO inhibitors
A mood disorder marked by depressive periods that are milder that major depression is hypomania or dysthymia
Fear of being left alone in unfamiliar surroundings is agoraphobia
Anxiolytic agents used to reduce tension are sedatives and tranquilizers
Antipsychotic tranquilizers such as Thorazine are phenothiazines
Fantasies of success and power and grandiose sense of self-importance narcissistic
Flamboyant, theatrical, emotionally immature histrionic
No loyalty or concern for others; does not tolerate frustration and blames others when he or she is at fault antisocial
Pervasive, unwarranted suspiciousness and mistrust of people paranoid
Emotionally cold, aloof, indifferent to praise or criticism or feelings of others schizoid
A trance is used to help the patient recover deeply repressed feelings hypnosis
Patients express feelings by acting out roles with other patients psychodrama
Long-term and intense exploration of unconsciouse feelings, using techniques such as transference and free association psychoanalysis
Toys are used to help children express conflict and feelings play therapy
Conditioning is used to relieve anxiety and improve symptoms of illness cognitive behavioral therapy
Neuroleptic substances are used to relieve symptoms of psychiatric disorders drug therapy
Electric current is applied to the brain to produce convulsions and reverse major depression electroconvulsive therapy
Techniques are used to help patients overcome sexual dysfunction sex therapy
dysphoria sadness and hopelessness
euphoria an exaggerated good feeling
agoraphobia fear of crowded places or fear of being alone
labile rapid emotional change
affect emotional response
paranoia delusions of grandeur or persecution
bipolar disorder a mood disorder with intermixed periods of mania and depression
dementia loss of higher level mental functioning
Created by: fallsummerspring